American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To hold up; support.
- v. To carry from one place to another; transport.
- v. To carry in the mind; harbor: bear a grudge.
- v. To transmit at large; relate: bearing glad tidings.
- v. To have as a visible characteristic: bore a scar on the left arm.
- v. To have as a quality; exhibit: "A thousand different shapes it bears” ( Abraham Cowley).
- v. To carry (oneself) in a specified way; conduct: She bore herself with dignity.
- v. To be accountable for; assume: bearing heavy responsibilities.
- v. To have a tolerance for; endure: couldn't bear his lying.
- v. To call for; warrant: This case bears investigation.
- v. To give birth to: bore six children in five years.
- v. To produce; yield: plants bearing flowers.
- v. To offer; render: I will bear witness to the deed.
- v. To move by or as if by steady pressure; push: "boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past” ( F. Scott Fitzgerald).
- v. To yield fruit; produce: peach trees that bear every summer.
- v. To have relevance; apply: They studied the ways in which the relativity theory bears on the history of science.
- v. To exert pressure, force, or influence.
- v. To force oneself along; forge.
- v. To endure something with tolerance and patience: Bear with me while I explain matters.
- v. To extend or proceed in a specified direction: The road bears to the right at the bottom of the hill.
- bear down To advance in a threatening manner: The ship bore down on our canoe.
- bear down To apply maximum effort and concentration: If you really bear down, you will finish the task.
- bear out To prove right or justified; confirm: The test results bear out our claims.
- bear up To withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition: The patient bore up well during the long illness.
- idiom. bear down on To effect in a harmful or adverse way: Financial pressures are bearing down on them.
- idiom. bear fruit To come to a satisfactory conclusion or to fruition.
- idiom. bear in mind To hold in one's mind; remember: Bear in mind that bridges freeze before roads.
- n. Any of various usually omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae that have a shaggy coat and a short tail and walk with the entire lower surface of the foot touching the ground.
- n. Any of various other animals, such as the koala, that resemble a true bear.
- n. A large, clumsy, or ill-mannered person.
- n. One, such as an investor, that sells securities or commodities in expectation of falling prices.
- n. A pessimist, especially regarding business conditions.
- n. Slang Something that is difficult or unpleasant: The final exam was a bear.
- n. Slang A highway patrol officer.
- adj. Characterized by falling prices: a bear market.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To support; hold up; sustain: as, a pillar or a girder bears the superincumbent weight.
- To support in movement; carry; convey.
- To suffer; endure; undergo: as, to bear punishment, blame, etc.
- To endure the effects of; take the consequences of; be answerable for.
- To support or sustain without sinking, yielding, shrinking, or suffering injury.
- To suffer or sustain without violence, injury, or change; admit or be capable of.
- To suffer without resentment or effort to prevent; endure patiently.
- To sustain, as expense; supply the means of paying.
- To have, or have a right to; be entitled to; have the rightful use of, as a name, a title, a coat of arms, and the like.
- To carry, as in show; exhibit; show.
- To bring forward; render; give; afford: as, to bear testimony.
- To carry in the mind; entertain or cherish, as love, hatred, envy, respect, etc.
- To possess, as a property, attribute, or characteristic; have in or on; contain: as, to bear signs or traces; to bear an inscription; the contents which the letter bears.
- To possess and use, as power; exercise; be charged with; administer: as, to bear sway.
- To carry on; deal with.
- To manage; direct; use (what is under the immediate control of one's will).
- Hence, with a reflexive pronoun, to behave; act in any character: as, he bore himself nobly.
- To sustain by vital connection; put forth as an outgrowth or product; produce by natural growth: as, plants bear leaves, flowers, and fruit; the heroes borne by ancient Greece.
- To bring forth in parturition; give birth to, as young; figuratively, give rise or origin to.
- To conduct; guide; take: as, he bore him off to his quarters.
- To press; thrust; push; drive; urge: with some word to denote the direction in which the object is driven: as, to bear down a scale; to bear back the crowd.
- To gain or win: now commonly with away or off; formerly, sometimes, with an indefinite it for the object.
- In the game of backgammon, to throw off or remove, as the men from the board.
- To purport; imply; import; state.
- Nautical, to remove to a distance; keep clear from rubbing against anything: as, to bear off a boat
- To gain and carry off: as, he bore off the prize.
- To defend; support; uphold; second: with a personal object.
- To confirm; corroborate; establish; justify: with a thing for the object.
- With a more or less indefinite it for the object: To last through; endure.
- To enable to endure; render supportable.
- To conduct or manage.
- To arrange; contrive; devise.
- To be capable of supporting or carrying: as, the floor would not bear.
- To lean; weigh; rest fixedly or burdensomely: as, the sides of two inclining objects bear upon or against one another.
- To tend; be directed in a certain way, whether with or without violence: as, to bear away; to bear back; to bear in; to bear out to sea; to bear upon; to bear down upon; the fleet bore down upon the enemy.
- Hence To have reference (to); relate (to); come into practical contact (with); have a bearing: as, legislation bearing on the interests of labor.
- To be situated as to the point of the compass, with respect to something else: as, the land bore E. N. English from the ship.
- To suffer, as with pain; endure.
- To be patient.
- To produce fruit; be fruitful, as opposed to being barren: as, the tree still continues to bear.
- To take effect; succeed.
- To be firm; have fortitude.
- (nautical), to sail or proceed toward: as, we made all sail and bore up for Hong Kong.
- n. A large plantigrade carnivorous or omnivorous mammal, of the family Ursidæ, especially of the genus Ursus. The teeth of the true bears are 42, and none of the molars are sectorial. The animals are less truly carnivorous than most of the order to which they belong, feeding largely upon roots, fruits, etc., as well as honey and insects. The tail is rudimentary, and the muzzle is prominent, with mobile lips and a slender, sometimes very extensile, tongue. The best-known species is the brown or black bear of Europe and Asia, Ursus arctos, found chiefly in northerly regions, of which several varieties are described, differing much in size and color, and to some extent in shape; it is ordinarily about 4 feet long and 2½ feet high; its flesh is eaten, its pelt is used for robes, and its fat is in great demand as an unguent known as bear's grease. The grizzly bear of North America, U. horribilis, is as regards specific classification hardly separable from the last, and like it runs into several varieties, as the cinnamon bear, etc. It is ordinarily larger than the European, and is noted for its ferocity and tenacity of life. It inhabits the mountainous portions of western North America. The common black bear of North America is a smaller and distinct species, U. americanus, usually black with a tawny snout, but it also runs into a cinnamon variety. See cut under
Ursus. The polar bear or white bear, Ursus or Thalassarctos maritimus, is very distinct, of great size, peculiar shape, and white or whitish color, marine and maritime, and piscivorous to some extent, though seals constitute much of its food. The Syrian bear, U. syriacus, and the Himalayan bear, U. himalayanus, respectively inhabit the regions whence they take their names. The spectacled bear, Ursus or Tremarctos ornatus, is the sole representative of the Ursidæ in South America: so called from the light-colored rings around the eyes, which have exactly the appearance of a pair of spectacles, the rest of the face and body being black. The Malayan bear or bruang, U. malayanus, is a small, black, close-haired species, with a white mark on the throat, with protrusile lips and slender tongue, capable of being taught a variety of amusing tricks in confinement. The sloth-bear or aswail of India is distinct from the other bears, and is usually placed in a different genus, Melursus labiatus. See Ursidæ, and cut under aswail.
- n. The Anglo-Australian name of a marsupial quadruped, the koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. See koala.
- n. The name of two constellations in the northern hemisphere, called the Great and the Little Bear. Both these figures have long tails. The principal stars of the Great Bear compose the figure of Charles's Wain, or the Dipper. In the tail of the Little Bear is the pole-star. See
- n. A rude, gruff, or uncouth man.
- n. In exchanges: Stock which one contracts to deliver at a future date, though not in the possession of the seller at the time the contract is made: in the phrases to buy or sell the bear.
- n. One who sells stocks, grain, provisions, or other commodities neither owned nor possessed by him at the time of selling them, but which he expects to buy at a lower price before the time fixed for making delivery.
- n. One who endeavors to bring down prices, in order that he may buy cheap: opposed to a bull, who tries to raise the price, that he may sell dear.
- n. A popular name for certain common caterpillars of the family Arctiidæ, which are densely covered with long hair resembling the fur of a bear. They undergo their transformation under old boards or other sheltered places, forming a slight cocoon composed chiefly of their own hair. Spilosoma Virginica (Fabricius) is a common example; the moth is white with a few black spots, the abdomen orange-colored, banded with white, and ornamented with three rows of black dots. See cut in preceding column.
- n. In metallurgy, one of the names given to the metallic mass, consisting of more or less malleable iron, sometimes found in the bottom of an iron furnace after it has gone out of blast.
- n. Nautical, a square block of wood weighted with iron, or a rough mat filled with sand, dragged to and fro on a ship's decks instead of a holystone (which see).
- n. In metal-working, a portable punching-machine for iron plates.
- In the stock exchange, to attempt to lower the price of: as, to bear stocks. See bear, n., 5.
- n. Barley: a word now used chiefly in the north of England and in Scotland for the common four-rowed barley, Hordeum vulgare. The six-rowed kind, H. hexastichon, is called big.
- n. A pillow-case: usually in composition, pillow-bear.
- n. The panda, Ælurus fulgens, otherwise called bear-cat.
- n. A large omnivorous mammal, related to the dog and raccoon, having shaggy hair, a very small tail, and flat feet; a member of family Ursidae, particularly of subfamily Ursinae.
- v. finance, transitive To endeavour to depress the price of, or prices in.
- adj. finance, investments Characterized by or believing to benefit of declining prices in securities markets.
- v. transitive To carry something.
- v. transitive To be equipped with (something).
- v. transitive To wear or display.
- v. transitive To declare as testimony.
- v. transitive To put up with something.
- v. transitive To give birth to someone or something; it may take the father of the direct object as an indirect object.
- v. transitive To produce or yield something, such as fruit or crops.
- v. intransitive To be—or head—in a specific direction or azimuth (from somewhere).
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To support or sustain; to hold up.
- v. To support and remove or carry; to convey.
- v. obsolete To conduct; to bring; -- said of persons.
- v. To possess and use, as power; to exercise.
- v. To sustain; to have on (written or inscribed, or as a mark), .
- v. To possess or carry, as a mark of authority or distinction; to wear.
- v. To possess mentally; to carry or hold in the mind; to entertain; to harbor.
- v. To endure; to tolerate; to undergo; to suffer.
- v. obsolete To gain or win.
- v. To sustain, or be answerable for, as blame, expense, responsibility, etc.
- v. To render or give; to bring forward.
- v. To carry on, or maintain; to have.
- v. To admit or be capable of; that is, to suffer or sustain without violence, injury, or change.
- v. To manage, wield, or direct. To behave; to conduct.
- v. To afford; to be to; to supply with.
- v. To bring forth or produce; to yield.
- v. To produce, as fruit; to be fruitful, in opposition to barrenness.
- v. To suffer, as in carrying a burden.
- v. To endure with patience; to be patient.
- v. To press; -- with
onor upon, or against.
- v. To take effect; to have influence or force.
- v. To relate or refer; -- with
onor upon; as, how does this bearon the question?
- v. To have a certain meaning, intent, or effect.
- v. To be situated, as to the point of compass, with respect to something else
- n. obsolete A bier.
- n. (Zoöl.) Any species of the genus Ursus, and of the closely allied genera. Bears are plantigrade Carnivora, but they live largely on fruit and insects.
- n. (Zoöl.) An animal which has some resemblance to a bear in form or habits, but no real affinity
- n. (Astron.) One of two constellations in the northern hemisphere, called respectively the Great Bear and the Lesser Bear, or Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.
- n. Metaphorically: A brutal, coarse, or morose person.
- n. (Stock Exchange) A person who sells stocks or securities for future delivery in expectation of a fall in the market.
- n. (Mach.) A portable punching machine.
- n. (Naut.) A block covered with coarse matting; -- used to scour the deck.
- v. (Stock Exchange) To endeavor to depress the price of, or prices in.
- n. (Bot.), Obs. except in North of Eng. and Scot. Barley; the six-rowed barley or the four-rowed barley, commonly the former (Hordeum hexastichon or Hordeum vulgare).
- v. have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices
- v. put up with something or somebody unpleasant
- v. bring forth,
- n. massive plantigrade carnivorous or omnivorous mammals with long shaggy coats and strong claws
- v. cause to be born
- v. behave in a certain manner
- v. move while holding up or supporting
- v. bring in
- v. take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
- v. be pregnant with
- v. have on one's person
- v. contain or hold; have within
- n. an investor with a pessimistic market outlook; an investor who expects prices to fall and so sells now in order to buy later at a lower price
- v. have.
- v. support or hold in a certain manner
- From Middle English beren ("carry, bring forth"), from Old English beran ("to carry, bear, bring"), from Proto-Germanic *beranan, *barōnan (“to bear, carry”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-, *bʰrē- (“to bear”), *bʰére-. Akin to Old High German beran ("carry"), Dutch baren, Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌰𐌽 (baíran), Latin ferre, and Ancient Greek φέρειν (pherein), Albanian bie,bier ("bring, bear"), Russian беременная (beremennaya, "pregnant"). These derive from the Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English beren, from Old English beran; see bher-1 in Indo-European roots.Middle English bere, from Old English bera; see bher-2 in Indo-European roots. Sense 3, probably from proverb To sell the bear's skin before catching the bear. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“I had rather _bear with_ you than _bear_ you; yet if I did bear you, I should bear no _cross_, for I think you have no _money_ in your purse.”
“Sanskrit _bharna_, which signifies "the borne one," "that which is born," from the primitive Indo-European root _bhr_, "to bear, to carry in the womb," whence our "to _bear_" and the German”
“Again, He tells us: "_The kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent bear it away_," that is to say, _the valiant, the energetic, and persevering_, will alone succeed in securing it; for the words _bear away_ express the action of one that seizes a prey.”
“Then Draper Spence broke out, with a catch in his throat: "That's what I can't bear, Millner, what I simply can't _bear: _ to hurt him, to hurt his faith in _me!”
“Those who think they can predict bear markets, and anyone foolish enough to listen to them, might be humbler and wiser if they realized that the term "bear market" has been in flux for a century.”
“The term "bear," for someone who profits when stocks fall, dates to the early 1700s.”
“Charlotte had buried the word bear in with the rest of the animals she could think of, but Isabel jumped on it.”
“Will the title bear a few words as to Tom the hunter?”
“The odds are the bear is attacking you because you were near its fresh kill, or you were near its cubs.”
“You don't have to be faster than the bear chasing you, just faster than your buddy the bear is also chasing.”
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