from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Something brought about by a cause or agent; a result.
- n. The power to produce an outcome or achieve a result; influence: The drug had an immediate effect on the pain. The government's action had no effect on the trade imbalance.
- n. A scientific law, hypothesis, or phenomenon: the photovoltaic effect.
- n. Advantage; avail: used her words to great effect in influencing the jury.
- n. The condition of being in full force or execution: a new regulation that goes into effect tomorrow.
- n. Something that produces a specific impression or supports a general design or intention: The lighting effects emphasized the harsh atmosphere of the drama.
- n. A particular impression: large windows that gave an effect of spaciousness.
- n. Production of a desired impression: spent lavishly on dinner just for effect.
- n. The basic or general meaning; import: He said he was greatly worried, or words to that effect.
- n. Movable belongings; goods.
- transitive v. To bring into existence.
- transitive v. To produce as a result.
- transitive v. To bring about. See Usage Note at affect1.
- idiom in effect In essence; to all purposes: testimony that in effect contradicted her earlier statement.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The result or outcome of a cause. See usage notes below.
- n. An illusion produced by technical means (as in "special effect")
- n. An alteration in sound after it has been produced by an instrument.
- n. A device for producing an alteration in sound produced by an instrument.
- n. The state of being binding and enforceable, as in a rule, policy, or law.
- n. A scientific phenomenon, usually named after its discoverer.
- n. Belongings, usually as personal effects.
- v. To make or bring about; to implement.
- v. Common misspelling of affect.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Execution; performance; realization; operation.
- n. Manifestation; expression; sign.
- n. In general: That which is produced by an agent or cause; the event which follows immediately from an antecedent, called the cause; result; consequence; outcome; fruit.
- n. Impression left on the mind; sensation produced.
- n. Power to produce results; efficiency; force; importance; account.
- n. Consequence intended; purpose; meaning; general intent; -- with to.
- n. The purport; the sum and substance.
- n. Reality; actual meaning; fact, as distinguished from mere appearance.
- n. Goods; movables; personal estate; -- sometimes used to embrace real as well as personal property.
- transitive v. To produce, as a cause or agent; to cause to be.
- transitive v. To bring to pass; to execute; to enforce; to achieve; to accomplish.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To produce as a result; be the cause or agent of; bring about; make actual; achieve: as, to effect a political revolution, or a change of government.
- To bring to a desired end; bring to pass; execute; accomplish; fulfil: as, to effect a purpose, or one's desires.
- Synonyms To realize, fulfil, complete, compass, consummate; Affect, Effect. See affect.
- Execute, Accomplish, etc. See perform.
- n. That which is effected by an efficient cause; a consequent; more generally, the result of any kind of cause except a final cause: as, the effect of heat.
- n. Power to produce consequnces or results; force; validity; account: as, the obligation is void and of no effect.
- n. Purport; import or general intent: as, he immediately wrote to that effect; his speech was to the effect that, etc.
- n. A state or course of accomplishment or fulfilment; effectuation; achievement; operation: as, to bring a plan into effect; the medicine soon took effect.
- n. Actual fact; reality; not mere appearance: preceded by in.
- n. Mental impression; general result upon the mind of what is apprehended by any of the faculties: as, the effect of a view, or of a picture.
- n. pl. [After F. effets, effects, chattels, effets mobiliers, movable property; cf. effect, a bill, bill of exchange, effets publics, stocks, funds.] Goods; movables; personal estate.
- n. The conclusion; the dénouement of a story.
- n. Goods, Chattels, etc. See property.
- n. In art, an accidental or unusual combination of colors, lights, or forms which especially excite the interest of a painter and form a suitable motive or key in painting or etching.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. act so as to bring into existence
- n. a symptom caused by an illness or a drug
- n. an impression (especially one that is artificial or contrived)
- n. the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
- n. a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
- n. (of a law) having legal validity
- n. an outward appearance
- v. produce
So it is deemed better to classify in accordance with the function or effect it is known a means _must_ perform or accomplish than in accordance with the _object_ with respect to which an act or acts are directed or in accordance with some _effect_ which may or may not result.
An effect being _defined_ as something subsequent to its cause, obviously we can have no _effect_ upon the past.
The Cause of any event, then, when exactly ascertainable, has five marks: it is (quantitatively) _equal_ to the effect, and (qualitatively) _the immediate, unconditional, invariable antecedent of the effect_.
He must study the nature of the effect he is to produce, and of the materials upon which he is to work, and adopt, after mature deliberation, a plan to accomplish his purpose, founded upon the principles which ought always to regulate the action of mind upon mind, and adapted to produce the _intellectual effect_, which he wishes to accomplish.
Given an effect to be accounted for, and there being several causes which might have produced it, but of the presence of which in the particular case nothing is known; the probability that the effect was produced by any one of these causes _is as the antecedent probability of the cause, multiplied by the probability that the cause, if it existed, would have produced the given effect_.
Both of these would have the effect of extremely diminishing the _effect_ of the measure in Ireland.
If it were proper to be rigorous in examining trifles, it might be replied, that Shakespeare would write more erroneously, if he wrote by the direction of this critick; they were not _distilled_, whatever the word may mean, _by the effect of fear_; for that _distillation_ was itself the _effect_; _fear_ was the cause, the active cause, that _distilled_ them by that force of operation which we strictly call _act_ involuntary, and _power_ in involuntary agents, but popularly call _act_ in both.
In that way I discern the power of each thing, and that is the same power which produces the same effect, and that is a different power which produces a different effect_. "[
"As to Mr Oswald's offer to make an acknowledgment of our independence the first article of our treaty, and your Excellency's remark, that it is sufficient, and that _we are not to expect the effect before the cause_, permit us to observe, that by the _cause_, we suppose, is intended the _treaty_, and by the _effect_, an acknowledgment of our independence.
What a model program like Globaloria and others like it shows us, in effect, is that kids don't need to wait for Superman.
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