American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To begin and carry through to completion; do: The surgeon performed the operation.
- v. To take action in accordance with the requirements of; fulfill: perform one's contractual obligations.
- v. To enact (a feat or role) before an audience.
- v. To give a public presentation of; present: My theater group performed a three-act play.
- v. To carry on; function: a car that performs well on curves.
- v. To fulfill an obligation or requirement; accomplish something as promised or expected.
- v. To portray a role or demonstrate a skill before an audience: The juggler performed atop a unicycle.
- v. To present a dramatic or musical work or other entertainment before an audience.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To effect; execute; accomplish; achieve; carry on or out; do: as, to perform, an act of kindness or a deed of daring; to perform a day's labor; to perform an operation in surgery or in arithmetic.
- To carry out or do whatever is demanded or required by (duty, a vow, etc.); execute the provisions, commands, or requirements of; put in execution; discharge; fulfil: as, to perform one's duty; to perform a vow; to perform a covenant.
- To render; do.
- To act or represent on or as on the stage: as, to perform the part of Hamlet.
- To make up; constitute; complete.
- To afford; furnish.
- To sing, or render on a musical instrument. Synonyms Perform, Accomplish, Effect, Execute, Achieve. These words agree in representing the complete doing of something which is of considerable importance and is set before one's self as a thing to be done. Generally they represent the doing of something in which one is personally interested. Effect most views the outcome as a result; execute most suggests briskness or energy in action; achieve most suggests difficulties triumphed over, with a corresponding excellence in the result. Perform may mean no more than a doing which continues till the work is completed.
- To act; do or execute something.
- To act a part; go through or complete any work; especially, to sing or play on a musical instrument, represent a character on the stage, etc.
- v. To do something; to execute.
- v. To do something in front of an audience, often in order to entertain it.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To carry through; to bring to completion; to achieve; to accomplish; to execute; to do.
- v. To discharge; to fulfill; to act up to
- v. To represent; to act; to play; as in drama.
- v. To do, execute, or accomplish something; to acquit one's self in any business; esp., to represent sometimes by action; to act a part; to play on a musical instrument
- v. carry out or perform an action
- v. give a performance (of something)
- v. get (something) done
- v. perform a function
- From Middle English performen, parfournen ("to perform"), from Anglo-Norman performer, parfourmer, alteration of Old French parfornir, parfurnir ("to complete, accomplish, perform"), from par- + fornir, furnir ("to accomplish, furnish"), from Frankish *frumjan (“to accomplish, furnish”), from Proto-Germanic *frumjanan, *framjanan (“to further, promote, accomplish, furnish, carry out”), from Proto-Indo-European *promo- (“in front, forth”), *per- (“forward, out”). Cognate with Old High German frummen ("to do, execute, accomplish, provide"), Old Saxon frummian ("to perform, promote"), Old English fremman ("to perform, execute, carry out, accomplish"), Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌿𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 (frumjan, "to promote, accomplish"). See also frame, from. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English performen, from Anglo-Norman performer, from Old French parfornir : par-, intensive pref. (from Latin per-, per-) + fournir, to furnish; see furnish. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Getting up early is one of the intelligent daily practices that Leaders Without a Title perform with acute consistency.”
“They spent the fall touring behind their election-themed single "All Good Reasons" and were asked to play the Obama campaign official pre-debate rally in New York; it's not often a band of 20-somethings without a label perform on a main stage sandwiched between sets by”
“I constantly make the argument on my blog that almost all work we now perform is unnecessary, but it never occurred to me, until that discussion, that this also means there a few consequences to a withdrawal from work entirely.”
“We saw George Carlin perform what would later become his last HBO special.”
“The only other launch vehicle activity NASA needs to perform is the remaining Shuttle flights.”
“Accordingly, the question whether the actual mortgages are likely to perform is relevant, and the mortgage documents are relevant.”
“Afterwards, however, I drove up to Boston to have dinner with was06066 and his husband, who are so delightful they also make my heart hurt a little, and then was06066 and I abandoned poor Chris and took off to see Buddy Miller, Emmylou Harris, Shawn Colvin, and Patty Griffin perform at the Orpheum.”
“They once again perform the story of a man and a woman who, after stepping into a time machine, are unable to hear a Black Eyed Peas song playing, and decide to ignore the music altogether and foxtrot to an entirely different rhythm while waiting in line for a midnight showing of "Rocky Horror Picture Show.”
“Attentive teachers realize that one of the best predictors of how their students will perform is what they had for breakfast, if anything at all.”
“But seeing them perform is incredible, if not just for their music, but for the audience's reaction when they cut loose.”
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