American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To be or give a sign or portent of. See Synonyms at indicate.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To signify; mean; denote in words.
- To be a token of; be a visible sign of; give promise of.
- To foreshow by signs; be or furnish a premonition of; indicate the probability of: as, this fact betokens a good result.
- To give evidence of; show.
- Synonyms To signify; presage, portend, augur, bode.
- v. Signify by some visible object; show by signs or tokens.
- v. Foreshow by present signs; indicate something future by that which is seen or known.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To signify by some visible object; to show by signs or tokens.
- v. To foreshow by present signs; to indicate something future by that which is seen or known.
- v. indicate by signs
- v. be a signal for or a symptom of
- From Middle English bitoknen, bitacnen, from Old English betācnian ("to betoken, signify, designate"), equivalent to be- + token. Cognate with Dutch betekenen ("to mean, signify"), German bezeichnen ("to call, designate"), Swedish beteckna ("to represent, designate, indicate"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English bitoknen : bi-, be- + toknen, to signify (from Old English tācnian; see deik- in Indo-European roots). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The name, the accompaniments, and the child's expression betoken a rare delicacy of conception.”
“The plan of the city is more or less the geometrically regular one of main and cross-streets running at right angles to each other, and the principal of these are lined with shops, whose windows display luxurious articles of jewellery, clothing, and other effects such as betoken the taste and purchasing power of a wealthy upper class.”
“An alternative form of the Indo-European root, again to do with showing or indicating, is *deig-, which appears in the native English words token, betoken, and that venerable one for pointing students down the best path, teach.”
“In addition to having absolutely beautiful photos and easy-to-follow directions, a lot of the recipes in here betoken memories of my mother and I in the kitchen, rolling lumpia, cursing (okay, not really cursing, but grumbling in frustration at least) at siapao dough not rising, steaming puto, etc.”
“His arms and legs, withered and skinny, betokened extreme age, as well as did their sunburn and scars and scratches betoken long years of exposure to the elements.”
“Does that, once the smiles of victory and defeat have faded, betoken a fresh generation of Labour comradeship?”
“This is a tale of a nervous breakdown that may betoken a mental illness such as psychosis.”
“The Kansas cyclone that whisks Dorothy into a dreamworld is evoked through vorticist projections the work of Jon Driscoll that betoken chaos in the cosmos.”
“Doesn't a high traffic blog or website betoken a popular content creator?”
“The fact that the site is closing as a discussion group does not, of course, betoken the end of dogme.”
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