from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • intransitive verb To move swiftly on foot so that both or all feet are not on the ground during each stride.
  • intransitive verb To retreat rapidly; flee.
  • intransitive verb Informal To depart; leave.
  • intransitive verb To migrate, especially to move in a shoal in order to spawn. Used of fish.
  • intransitive verb To move without hindrance or restraint.
  • intransitive verb To move or go quickly or hurriedly.
  • intransitive verb To go when in trouble or distress.
  • intransitive verb To make a short, quick trip or visit.
  • intransitive verb To take part in a race or contest by running.
  • intransitive verb To compete in a race for elected office.
  • intransitive verb To finish a race or contest in a specified position.
  • intransitive verb To move freely, as on wheels.
  • intransitive verb To travel over a regular route.
  • intransitive verb Nautical To sail or steer before the wind or on an indicated course.
  • intransitive verb To flow, especially in a steady stream.
  • intransitive verb To melt and flow.
  • intransitive verb To emit pus, mucus, or serous fluid.
  • intransitive verb To be wet or covered with a liquid.
  • intransitive verb To spread or dissolve, as dyes in fabric.
  • intransitive verb To have dye spread or dissolve.
  • intransitive verb To extend, stretch, or reach in a certain direction or to a particular point.
  • intransitive verb To extend, spread, or climb as a result of growing.
  • intransitive verb To become known or prevalent rapidly in or over an area.
  • intransitive verb To unravel along a line.
  • intransitive verb To be valid or in effect, as in a given area.
  • intransitive verb To be present as a valid accompaniment.
  • intransitive verb To accumulate or accrue.
  • intransitive verb To be in operation; function or work.
  • intransitive verb To pass; elapse.
  • intransitive verb To tend to persist or recur.
  • intransitive verb To pass into or become subject to a specified condition.
  • intransitive verb To take a particular form, order, or expression.
  • intransitive verb To tend or incline.
  • intransitive verb To occupy or exist in a certain range.
  • intransitive verb To be presented or performed.
  • intransitive verb To be published or broadcast, especially as news.
  • intransitive verb To travel over on foot at a pace faster than a walk.
  • intransitive verb To cause (an animal) to move quickly or rapidly.
  • intransitive verb To allow to move without restraint.
  • intransitive verb To hunt or pursue; chase.


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English ernen, runnen, from Old English rinnan, eornan, earnan, and from Old Norse rinna; see rei- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English ronnen ("to run"), alteration (due to the past participle yronne) of Middle English rinnen ("to run"), from Old English rinnan, iernan ("to run") and Old Norse rinna ("to run"), both from Proto-Germanic *rinnanan (“to run”) (compare also *rannijanan (“to make run”)), from Proto-Indo-European *ren- (“to rise; to sink”). Cognate with Scots rin ("to run"), West Frisian rinne ("to walk, march"), Dutch rennen ("to run, race"), German rennen ("to run"), Danish rinde ("to run"), Swedish rinna ("to run"), Icelandic renna ("to flow"). Cognate with Albanian rend ("to run, run after"). See random.


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  • Today, rather than run a network of secret torture centers as the Soviets 'proxy Mohammad Najibullah did, President Hamid Karzai has set himself up as a defender of the rights of Afghans detained in U. S.-run prisons, something that plays well with the population.

    Learning From the Soviets 2009

  • Amber stands poised, as if ready to run -- _run away from me?

    Asimov's Science Fiction 2004

  • But can the fact of his uncles and aunts running less well than his fathers and mothers be a means of his fathers and mothers coming to run _better than they used to run_?

    Evolution, Old & New Or, the Theories of Buffon, Dr. Erasmus Darwin and Lamarck, as compared with that of Charles Darwin Samuel Butler 1868

  • But stay; there are many more that run than there be that obtain; therefore, he that will have heaven must _run_ for it!

    The Heavenly Footman John Bunyan 1658

  • O sad will the state of those be that run and miss I Therefore if you will have heaven you must _run_ for it; and "so run, that ye may obtain."

    The Heavenly Footman John Bunyan 1658

  • Men that run for a wager, (if they intend to _win_ as well as _run_,) do not use to encumber themselves, or carry those things about them that may be a hindrance to them in their running.

    The Heavenly Footman John Bunyan 1658

  • · SQL Commander - Make it possible to run scripts of unlimited size with the @run command

    Softpedia - Windows - All 2010

  • · SQL Commander - Make it possible to run scripts of unlimited size with the @run command

    Softpedia - Windows - All 2010

  • Open Cup quarterfinal run, but was unable to piece together a stretch� run� in the regular season.

    Soccer Blogs - latest posts 2010

  • "Proper exercise" is generally a 5-mile run (a * run*, not a walk around the block at your pace) per day.

    Yahoo! Answers: Latest Questions 2009

  • An officer would begin his or her deployment (one woman, Lynn Watson, is known to have been a police spy) by borrowing the identity of a dead child, a routine called the ‘jackal run’ after Frederick Forsyth’s novel, in which the assassin does just that.

    Katrina Forrester · Shag another: In Bed with the Police · LRB 7 November 2013 Katrina Forrester 2022


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  • Cricket jargon - a run is the basic scoring unit.

    December 2, 2007

  • "Holy girl

    Don't get up

    For running

    Stay with me

    I feel sad

    When you run"

    August 29, 2008

  • In IT they talk about 'run time', the time when the program is operating, running. That could happen at run time.'

    September 19, 2011