American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A bar made of wood or metal that slides into a socket and is used to fasten doors and gates.
- n. A metal bar or rod in the mechanism of a lock that is thrown or withdrawn by turning the key.
- n. A fastener consisting of a threaded pin or rod with a head at one end, designed to be inserted through holes in assembled parts and secured by a mated nut that is tightened by applying torque.
- n. A sliding metal bar that positions the cartridge in breechloading rifles, closes the breech, and ejects the spent cartridge.
- n. A similar device in any breech mechanism.
- n. A short, heavy arrow with a thick head, used especially with a crossbow.
- n. A flash of lightning; a thunderbolt.
- n. A sudden or unexpected event: The announcement was a veritable bolt.
- n. A sudden movement toward or away.
- n. A large roll of cloth of a definite length, especially as it comes from the loom.
- v. To secure or lock with or as if with a bolt.
- v. To arrange or roll (lengths of cloth, for example) on or in a bolt.
- v. To eat (food) hurriedly and with little chewing; gulp.
- v. To desert or withdraw support from (a political party).
- v. To utter impulsively; blurt.
- v. Archaic To shoot or discharge (a missile, such as an arrow).
- v. To move or spring suddenly.
- v. To start suddenly and run away: The horse bolted at the sound of the shot. The frightened child bolted from the room.
- v. To break away from an affiliation, as from a political party.
- v. Botany To flower or produce seeds prematurely or develop a flowering stem from a rosette.
- idiom. bolt from the blue A sudden, shocking surprise or turn of events.
- idiom. bolt upright In a rigidly vertical position: sat bolt upright.
- v. To pass (flour, for example) through a sieve.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An arrow; especially, in archery, the arrow of a crossbow, which was short and thick as compared with a shaft.
- n. A thunderbolt; a stream of lightning: so named from its apparently darting like a bolt.
- n. An elongated bullet for a rifled cannon.
- n. A cylindrical jet, as of water or molten glass.
- n. A metallic pin or rod, used to hold objects together. It generally has screwthreads cut at one end, and sometimes at both, to receive a nut.
- n. A movable bar for fastening a door, gate, window-sash, or the like; specifically, that portion of a lock which is protruded from or drawn back within the case by the action of the key, and makes a fastening by being shot into a socket or keeper.
- n. An iron to fasten the legs of a prisoner; a shackle.
- n. In firearms: In a needle-gun, the sliding piece that thrusts the cartridge forward into the chamber and carries the firing-pin. It has a motion of rotation about its longer axis for the purpose of locking the breech-mechanism before firing.
- n. In a snap-gun, the part that holds the barrel to the breech-mechanism.
- n. A roll or definite length of silk, canvas, tape, or other textile fabric, and also of wall-paper, as it comes from the maker ready for sale or use.
- n. A bundle. Of straw, a quantity loosely tied up. Also bolting or bolton.
- n. Of osier rods, a quantity bound up for market, 3½ feet around the lower band.
- n. Of reeds, one of 3 feet in circumference.
- n. The closed ends of leaves of an uncut book which present a double or quadruple fold.
- n. The comb of a bobbinnet machine on which the carriages move.
- n. In wood-working: A mass of wood from which anything may be cut or formed.
- n. Boards held together, after being sawed from the log, by an uncut end or stub-shot.
- n. A name for certain plants, as the globe-flower and marsh-marigold.
- n. The act of running off suddenly; a sudden spring or start: as, the horse made a bolt.
- n. In politics, the act of withdrawing from a nominating convention as a manifestation of disapproval of its acts; hence, refusal to support a candidate or the ticket presented by or in the name of the party to which one has hitherto been attached; a partial or temporary desertion of one's party.
- n. The act of bolting food.
- To go off like a bolt or arrow; shoot forth suddenly; spring out with speed and suddenness: commonly followed by out: as, to bolt out of the house.
- To spring aside or away suddenly; start and run off; make a bolt.
- In politics, to withdraw from a nominating convention as a means of showing disapproval of its acts; hence, to cease to act in full accord with one's party; refuse to support a measure or candidate adopted by a majority of one's colleagues or party associates.
- To fall suddenly, like a thunderbolt.
- To run to seed prematurely, as early-sown root-crops (turnips, etc.), without the usual thickening of the root, or after it.
- To send off like a bolt or arrow; shoot; discharge.
- To start or spring (game); cause to bolt up or out, as hares, rabbits, and the like.
- To expel; drive out suddenly.
- To blurt out; ejaculate or utter hastily.
- To swallow hurriedly or without chewing: as, to bolt one's food.
- [After I., 3.] In politics, to break away from and refuse to support (the candidate, the ticket, or the platform presented by or in the name of the party to which one has hitherto adhered); leave or abandon: as, to bolt the presidential candidate.
- To fasten or secure with a bolt or an iron pin, as a door, a plank, fetters, or anything else.
- To fasten as with bolts; shackle; restrain.
- Like a bolt or arrow: as, “rising bolt from his seat,”
- Suddenly; with sudden meeting or collision.
- To sift or pass through a sieve or bolter so as to separate the coarser from the finer particles, as bran from flour; sift out: as, to bolt meal; to bolt out the bran.
- To examine or search into, as if by sifting; sift; examine thoroughly: sometimes with out, and often in an old proverbial expression, to bolt to the bran.
- To moot, or bring forward for discussion, as in a moot-court. See bolting, 2.
- n. A sieve; a machine for sifting flour.
- n. In the English inns of court, a hypothetical point or case discussed for the sake of practice.
- In archery, to loose too soon after drawing the bow. See hold.
- In golf, to putt with so much force that the ball will go some distance past the hole if it fails to go into it.
- v. To sift, especially through a cloth.
- n. A sieve, especially a long fine sieve used in milling for bolting flour and meal; a bolter.
- n. A (usually) metal fastener consisting of a cylindrical body that is threaded, with a larger head on one end. It can be inserted into an unthreaded hole up to the head, with a nut then threaded on the other end; a heavy machine screw.
- n. A sliding pin or bar in a lock or latch mechanism.
- n. A bar of wood or metal dropped in horizontal hooks on a door and adjoining wall or between the two sides of a double door, to prevent the door(s) from being forced open.
- n. A sliding mechanism to chamber and unchamber a cartridge in a firearm.
- n. A shaft or missile intended to be shot from a crossbow or a catapult, especially a short, stout arrow.
- n. A lightning spark, i.e., a lightning bolt.
- n. A sudden event, action or emotion.
- n. A large roll of fabric or similar material, as a bolt of cloth.
- n. nautical The standard linear measurement of canvas for use at sea: 39 yards.
- v. To connect or assemble pieces using a bolt.
- v. To secure a door by locking or barring it.
- v. intransitive To flee, to depart, to accelerate suddenly.
- v. intransitive To escape.
- v. intransitive Of a plant, to grow quickly; to go to seed.
- v. To swallow food without chewing it.
- v. To drink one's drink very quickly; to down a drink.
- v. To sift the bran and germ from wheat flour.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A shaft or missile intended to be shot from a crossbow or catapult, esp. a short, stout, blunt-headed arrow; a quarrel; an arrow, or that which resembles an arrow; a dart.
- n. Lightning; a thunderbolt.
- n. A strong pin, of iron or other material, used to fasten or hold something in place, often having a head at one end and screw thread cut upon the other end.
- n. A sliding catch, or fastening, as for a door or gate; the portion of a lock which is shot or withdrawn by the action of the key.
- n. obsolete An iron to fasten the legs of a prisoner; a shackle; a fetter.
- n. A compact package or roll of cloth, as of canvas or silk, often containing about forty yards.
- n. A bundle, as of oziers.
- v. To shoot; to discharge or drive forth.
- v. To utter precipitately; to blurt or throw out.
- v. To swallow without chewing; ; often used with down.
- v. (U. S. Politics) To refuse to support, as a nomination made by a party to which one has belonged or by a caucus in which one has taken part.
- v. (Sporting) To cause to start or spring forth; to dislodge, as conies, rabbits, etc.
- v. To fasten or secure with, or as with, a bolt or bolts, as a door, a timber, fetters; to shackle; to restrain.
- v. To start forth like a bolt or arrow; to spring abruptly; to come or go suddenly; to dart.
- v. To strike or fall suddenly like a bolt.
- v. To spring suddenly aside, or out of the regular path.
- v. (U.S. Politics) To refuse to support a nomination made by a party or a caucus with which one has been connected; to break away from a party.
- adv. In the manner of a bolt; suddenly; straight; unbendingly.
- n. A sudden spring or start; a sudden spring aside.
- n. A sudden flight, as to escape creditors.
- n. (U. S. Politics) A refusal to support a nomination made by the party with which one has been connected; a breaking away from one's party.
- v. To sift or separate the coarser from the finer particles of, as bran from flour, by means of a bolter; to separate, assort, refine, or purify by other means.
- v. To separate, as if by sifting or bolting; -- with
- v. (Law) To discuss or argue privately, and for practice, as cases at law.
- n. A sieve, esp. a long fine sieve used in milling for bolting flour and meal; a bolter.
- n. a screw that screws into a nut to form a fastener
- v. make or roll into bolts
- v. swallow hastily
- n. a sudden abandonment (as from a political party)
- v. run away; usually includes taking something or somebody along
- adv. directly.
- n. the act of moving with great haste
- n. the part of a lock that is engaged or withdrawn with a key
- n. a roll of cloth or wallpaper of a definite length
- v. secure or lock with a bolt
- v. leave suddenly and as if in a hurry
- v. eat hastily without proper chewing
- n. a sliding bar in a breech-loading firearm that ejects an empty cartridge and replaces it and closes the breech
- v. move or jump suddenly
- adv. in a rigid manner
- n. a discharge of lightning accompanied by thunder
- From Proto-Germanic *bultaz, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bheld- (“to knock, strike”). Akin to Dutch bout, German Bolz or Bolzen, Icelandic bolti, Danish bolt. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English, heavy arrow.Middle English bulten, from Old French buleter, from Middle High German biuteln, from biutel, bag, purse. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“In the middle of the bolt is a hole, through which they urinate ....”
“The Stock fits the metal well and the bolt is the slickest I've ever used.”
“Relative to acquisitions, we have a very formal process relative to what I call bolt-on acquisitions, which we did won today.”
“Over-tight wheelnuts on very hot hubs mean the bolt is under immense tension and can fail.”
“Whereas with, say, food allergies, or depression, or many other things people I know deal with, there is less the bolt from the blue -- even if we stipulate that it is the blameless bolt -- and more the gradual awareness that not all is well, or at least not as well as it could be.”
“Crist's decision not to issue refunds comes in the wake of several high-profile requests from members of the Republican establishment to return money given to Crist's campaign prior to his decision to bolt from the GOP primary.”
“The T 3 bolt is the smoothest bolt that can be found.”
“Once my hunting guns ae zero as i want, I go to the MArlin bolt 22 mag for pratice at different angles.”
“The X-bolt is supposed to be an improvement over the A-bolt.”
“The lightning bolt is Aladdin Sane anyway, not Ziggy Stardust.”
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