from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To kill or destroy by preventing access of air or oxygen.
- transitive v. To impair the respiration of; asphyxiate.
- transitive v. To cause discomfort to by or as if by cutting off the supply of fresh air.
- transitive v. To suppress the development, imagination, or creativity of; stifle: "The rigid formality of the place suffocated her” ( Thackeray).
- intransitive v. To die from lack of air or oxygen; be asphyxiated.
- intransitive v. To feel discomfort from lack of fresh air.
- intransitive v. To become or feel suppressed; be stifled.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To suffer, or cause someone to suffer, from severely reduced oxygen intake to the body.
- v. To die due to, or kill someone by means of, insufficient oxygen supply to the body.
- v. To overwhelm, or be overwhelmed (by a person or issue), as though with oxygen deprivation.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Suffocated; choked.
- transitive v. To choke or kill by stopping respiration; to stifle; to smother.
- transitive v. To destroy; to extinguish.
- intransitive v. To become choked, stifled, or smothered.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To kill by preventing the access of air to the blood through the lungs or analogous organs, as gills.
- To impede respiration in; compress so as to prevent respiration.
- To stifle; smother; extinguish: as, to suffocate fire or live coals.
- Synonyms Stifle, Strangle, etc. See smother.
- To become choked, stifled, or smothered: as, we are suffocating in this close room.
- Suffocated; choked.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake
- v. deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing
- v. suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of
- v. impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of
- v. be asphyxiated; die from lack of oxygen
- v. feel uncomfortable for lack of fresh air
- v. become stultified, suppressed, or stifled
Latin suffōcāre, suffōcāt- : sub-, sub- + faucēs, throat.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin suffocatus, past participle of suffocare ("to choke, stifle"), from sub ("under") + faux ("the upper part of the throat, the pharynx"). (Wiktionary)