from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- intransitive v. To excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin; perspire.
- intransitive v. To exude in droplets, as moisture from certain cheeses or sap from a tree.
- intransitive v. To condense atmospheric moisture.
- intransitive v. To release moisture, as hay in the swath.
- intransitive v. To ferment, as tobacco during curing.
- intransitive v. Informal To work long and hard.
- intransitive v. Informal To suffer much, as for a misdeed.
- intransitive v. Informal To fret or worry.
- transitive v. To excrete (moisture) through a porous surface, such as the skin.
- transitive v. To gather and condense (moisture) on a surface.
- transitive v. To cause to perspire, as by drugs, heat, or strenuous exercise.
- transitive v. To make damp or wet with perspiration.
- transitive v. To cause to work excessively; overwork.
- transitive v. To overwork and underpay (employees).
- transitive v. Slang To interrogate (someone) under duress: sweated the suspected spy for hours.
- transitive v. Slang To extract (information) from someone under duress: The police sweated the information out of the suspect.
- transitive v. Metallurgy To join (metal parts) by interposing cold solder and then heating.
- transitive v. To steam (vegetables or other food).
- transitive v. Informal To fret or worry about: Don't sweat the details.
- n. The colorless saline moisture excreted by the sweat glands; perspiration.
- n. Condensation of moisture in the form of droplets on a surface.
- n. The process of sweating.
- n. A condition or period of sweating: worked up a sweat raking leaves.
- n. The condition of being sweated.
- n. Strenuous, exhaustive labor; drudgery.
- n. A run given to a horse as exercise before a race.
- n. Informal An anxious, fretful condition.
- n. Informal A sweatsuit.
- sweat out Slang To endure anxiously: sweat out an exam.
- sweat out Slang To await (something) anxiously: sweat out one's final grades.
- idiom no sweat Slang Easily done or handled.
- idiom sweat blood Informal To work diligently or strenuously.
- idiom sweat blood Informal To worry intensely.
- idiom sweat bullets Slang To sweat profusely.
- idiom sweat of (one's) brow Hard work: "keep what they produced by the sweat of their brow” ( Mario Puzo).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Fluid that exits the body through pores in the skin usually due to physical stress and/or high temperature for the purpose of regulating body temperature and removing certain compounds from the circulation.
- n. A soldier (especially one who is old or experienced).
- n. The sweating sickness.
- v. To emit sweat.
- v. To work hard.
- v. To worry.
- v. To emit, in the manner of sweat.
- v. To solder (a pipe joint) together.
- v. To stress out.
- v. To cook slowly in shallow oil without browning.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- intransitive v. To excrete sensible moisture from the pores of the skin; to perspire.
- intransitive v. Fig.: To perspire in toil; to work hard; to drudge.
- intransitive v. To emit moisture, as green plants in a heap.
- transitive v. To cause to excrete moisture from the skin; to cause to perspire.
- transitive v. To emit or suffer to flow from the pores; to exude.
- transitive v. To unite by heating, after the application of soldier.
- transitive v. To get something advantageous, as money, property, or labor from (any one), by exaction or oppression.
- n. The fluid which is excreted from the skin of an animal; the fluid secreted by the sudoriferous glands; a transparent, colorless, acid liquid with a peculiar odor, containing some fatty acids and mineral matter; perspiration. See perspiration.
- n. The act of sweating; or the state of one who sweats; hence, labor; toil; drudgery.
- n. Moisture issuing from any substance.
- n. The sweating sickness.
- n. A short run by a race horse in exercise.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Moisture exuded from the skin, an excretion containing from one to two per cent. of solids, consisting of sodium chlorid, formic, acetic, butyric, and other fatty acids, neutral fats, and cholesterin; sensible perspiration; especially, the excessive perspiration produced by exertion, toil, the operation of sudorific medicines, etc.
- n. The state of one who sweats or perspires; sweating; especially, such a state produced medicinally; diaphoresis.
- n. That which causes sweat; labor; toil; drudgery; also, a sudorific medicine.
- n. That which resembles sweat, as dew; also, moisture exuded from green plants piled in a heap: as, the sweat of hay or grain in a mow or stack.
- n. A sweating process, as in tanning hides.
- n. Sweating-sickness.
- n. A short run of a horse in exercising him.
- n. In the manufacture of bricks, tiles, etc., that stage in the burning in which the hydrated oxid of alumina in the clay parts with its water.
- To excrete sensible moisture from the skin, or as if from the skin; perspire; especially, to perspire excessively.
- To exude moisture, as green plants piled in a heap; also, to gather moisture from the surrounding air by condensation: as, a new haymow sweats; the clay of newly made bricks sweats; a pitcher of ice-water sweats.
- To exude as or in the manner of perspiration.
- To toil; labor; drudge.
- To labor under a burden as of punishment or extortion; suffer; pay a penalty.
- To work for starvation wages; also, to carry on work on the sweating or underpaying system.
- To cause to excrete moisture from the skin, or, figuratively, as if from the skin.
- To emit, as from the pores; exude; shed.
- To saturate with sweat; spoil with sweat: as, to sweat one's collar.
- To extort money from; fleece; bleed; oppress by exactions; underpay, as shop-hands.
- To put in pledge; pawn.
- To dry or force moisture from, as the wood in charcoal-burning by covering over the heap closely.
- In leather manufacturing, to loosen the hair from, as a hide, by subjecting it to putrefactive fermentation in a smoke-house.
- In tobacco manufacturing, to render elastic, as the leaves, by subjecting them to a slight fermentation.
- To join by applying heat after soldering.
- n. In tobacco manufacturing See sweating
- n. 10. Same as chuck-luck or chucker-luck.
- n. A spontaneous fermentation of the tobacco leaf corresponding to the aging of wines. Where the ordinary sweating process has not been fully carried through this is intentionally maintained. See sweating, 5.
- In tobacco manufacturing, to undergo the process of sweating. See sweating.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. condensation of moisture on a cold surface
- v. excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin
- n. agitation resulting from active worry
- n. use of physical or mental energy; hard work
- n. salty fluid secreted by sweat glands
Middle English sweten, from Old English swǣtan; see sweid- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old English swāt, from Proto-Germanic *swait-, from Proto-Indo-European *swoyd- (“to sweat”), *sweyd-. Cognate with West Frisian swit, Dutch zweet, German Schweiß, Danish sved, Swedish svett, Yiddish שוויצן (shvitsn) (English shvitz), French sueur, Persian خوی (xway), Sanskrit स्वेद (svéda), Latvian sviedri, Tocharian B syā-, and Albanian djersë. (Wiktionary)
From Old English swætan, from the noun swāt. Compare Dutch zweten, German schwitzen, Danish svede. (Wiktionary)