from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The effort to acquire knowledge, as by reading, observation, or research.
  • noun An act or effort made in the pursuit of knowledge.
  • noun A branch of knowledge or department of learning.
  • noun Attentive examination or analysis.
  • noun A detailed examination, analysis, or experiment investigating a subject or phenomenon.
  • noun A document or publication presenting the results of such an endeavor.
  • noun A literary work treating a particular subject or character.
  • noun A preliminary sketch, as for a work of art or literature.
  • noun Medicine A diagnostic test.
  • noun Music A composition intended as a technical exercise.
  • noun A state of mental absorption.
  • noun A room intended or equipped for studying or writing.
  • noun A noteworthy or interesting example.
  • intransitive verb To apply one's mind purposefully to the acquisition of knowledge or understanding of (a subject).
  • intransitive verb To take (a course) at a school.
  • intransitive verb To try to memorize.
  • intransitive verb To perform a study of; investigate.
  • intransitive verb To read or look at carefully.
  • intransitive verb To give careful thought to; contemplate.
  • intransitive verb Medicine To perform a diagnostic test on (a part of the body, for example).
  • intransitive verb To apply oneself to learning, especially by reading.
  • intransitive verb To pursue a course of study.
  • intransitive verb To ponder; reflect.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Another spelling of stiddy, a variant of stithy.
  • To exercise the mind in learning; apply one's self to the acquisition of knowledge; acquire knowledge and mental training, as by memorizing words, facts, or principles.
  • To exercise the mind in considering or contriving; deliberate upon or about something; ponder.
  • To muse; meditate; cogitate; reflect; revolve thoughts or ideas: used absolutely.
  • To endeavor studiously or thoughtfully; use studied or careful efforts; be diligent or zealous; plan; contrive: as, to study for peace or for the general good.
  • To prosecute a regular course of study, as that prescribed to prepare one for the exercise of a profession: as, to study for the bar, or for the church or ministry.
  • To seek to learn by memorizing the facts, principles, or words of; apply the mind to learning; store in the memory, either generally or verbatim: as, to study a book, a language, history, etc.; to study a part in a play or a piece for recitation.
  • To seek to ascertain or to learn the particulars of, as by observation or inquiry; make a study of; inquire into; investigate: as, to study a man's character or the customs of society; to study the geology of a region, or a case of disease.
  • To consider in detail; deliberate upon; think out: as, to study the best way of doing something; to study a discourse or a compliment.
  • To regard attentively or discriminatingly; consider as to requirements, character, quality, use, effect, or the like; pay distinguishing attention to: as, to study one's own interests; to study the effect of one's actions; to study a person; to study a drapery or a model in art.
  • To look at musingly, as in a brown study.
  • To apply the mind to learning (a specific science or branch of science), especially with the object of preparing for the exercise of a profession: as, the one is studying medicine, the other theology.
  • To subject to study; carry through a course of learning; educate; instruct.
  • To think out deliberately; arrange definitely in the mind; determine the details of: as, I have studied out a plan; to study out a set of rules.
  • To seek or get a knowledge of by observation or consideration; observe or reflect upon critically; make up one's mind about: as, to study up a person or a man's character; to study up arguments or reasons.
  • Synonyms To scrutinize, search into.
  • To reflect upon, meditate, ponder.
  • To contemplate.
  • noun Eagerness; earnestness; zeal.
  • noun Zealous endeavor; studied effort, aim, or purpose; deliberate contrivance or intention.
  • noun The mental effort of understanding, appreciating, and assimilating anything, especially a book; the earnest and protracted examination of a question, by reflection, collection and scrutiny of evidence, and otherwise; the pursuit of learning.
  • noun An exercise in learning or the pursuit of knowledge; an act or course of intellectual acquisition, as by memorizing words, facts, or principles: as, the actor's study was very rapid; also, an effort to gain an understanding of something; a particular course of learning, inquiry, or investigation: as, to pursue the study of physics or of a language; to make a study of trade, of a case at law, or of a man's life or character.


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English studie, from Old French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre, to study.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Middle English studie, from Old French estudier (Modern French étudier), from Latin studium.


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