from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Medicine The act or process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of a disease or injury through evaluation of patient history, examination, and review of laboratory data.
- n. Medicine The opinion derived from such an evaluation.
- n. A critical analysis of the nature of something.
- n. The conclusion reached by such analysis.
- n. Biology A brief description of the distinguishing characteristics of an organism, as for taxonomic classification.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The identification of the nature and cause of an illness.
- n. The identification of the nature and cause of something (of any nature).
- n. A written description of a species or other taxon serving to distinguish that species from all others. Especially, a description written in Latin and published.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The art or act of recognizing the presence of disease from its signs or symptoms, and deciding as to its character; also, the decision arrived at.
- n. Hence, the act or process of identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon, especially the abnormal behavior of an animal or artifactual device.
- n. Scientific determination of any kind; the concise description of characterization of a species.
- n. Critical perception or scrutiny; judgment based on such scrutiny; esp., perception of, or judgment concerning, motives and character.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Scientific discrimination of any kind; a short distinctive description, as of a plant.
- n. As regards the precipitins, these bodies are formed as the result of immunization of animals with albuminous substances derived from individuals of a different species. When the resultant antiserums are then brought together with solutions of the albumins used in immunization, precipitates result. This phenomenon has been notably investigated by Tchistowitsch, Bordet and Wolf, Wassermann, and Uhlenhuth, and the underlying principle utilized in forensic blood-diagnosis. To this end the material in question (stains on clothes, wood, weapons, etc.) is first examined for the presence of blood by the usual methods (hemin test, spectroscopic behavior, etc.). If the presence of blood has thus been demonstrated, the question whether it is of human origin or not is next investigated by mixing a filtered solution of the material under examination with a small amount of blood-serum obtained from a ‘humanized’ rabbit, that is, a rabbit in which precipitin formation has been previously provoked by repeated injections of human blood-serum (hydrocele fluid). The mixture is kept in an incubator, at the temperature of the body, for a number of hours and is then examined. If a precipitate results, the blood-stains are presumbly human. The differentiation of animals of closely related species is, however, not possible in this manner, and the blood of a humanized rabbit will thus not only precipitate the serum of the human being, but like wise that of the anthropoid apes. In this manner the close relationship existing between different, species can be demonstrated, a fact which renders the precipitins of signal interest also to the biologist. See also agglutination test.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
Greek diagnōsis, discernment, from diagignōskein, to distinguish : dia-, apart; see dia- + gignōskein, gnō-, to come to know, discern; see gnō- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin diagnōsis, from Ancient Greek διάγνωσις (diágnōsis), from διαγιγνώσκειν (diagignóskein, "to discern"), from διά (diá, "apart") + γιγνώσκειν (gignóskein, "to learn"). (Wiktionary)