American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with fibrous tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It can result from alcohol abuse, nutritional deprivation, or infection especially by the hepatitis virus.
- n. Chronic interstitial inflammation of any tissue or organ.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In pathology, chronic inflammation of interstitial connective tissue, especially of the liver. The name is derived from the yellow appearance of the liver when in this condition, but it may be applied to the same state exhibited in other organs.
- n. pathology A chronic disease of the liver caused by damage from toxins (including alcohol), metabolic problems, hepatitis or nutritional deprivation. It is characterised by an increase of fibrous tissue and the destruction of liver cells.
- n. by extension Interstitial inflammation of kidneys, lungs, and other organs.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Med.) A disease of the liver in which it usually becomes smaller in size and more dense and fibrous in consistence; hence sometimes applied to similar changes in other organs, caused by increase in the fibrous framework and decrease in the proper substance of the organ.
- n. a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
- From Ancient Greek κιρρός (kirrhos, "tawny") and -osis (Wiktionary)
- New Latin : Greek kirros, tawny (from the color of the diseased liver) + -osis. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The liver cells shrink, the structural framework increases in size at first but subsequently contracts, producing the small, nodular, hard liver, to which the term cirrhosis has been applied.”
“Fatty liver disease, which can in some case progress to fibrosis and cirrhosis, is an increasingly recognized complication of obesity.”
“He was the first to study hyatids exhaustively, and it is to him we owe the name cirrhosis of the liver.”
“Perhaps Mr Cameron could make another speech, linking such promotions to the rise in cirrhosis.”
“Replacement of normal liver cells by fibrotic cells in chronic alcoholics (known as cirrhosis of the liver).”
“Circe circuit, electrical circulatory system circumcision circumference circumlocution cirrhosis cirrus clouds”
“This can lead to scarring of the liver - also known as cirrhosis - and cancer.”
“About 50% to 85% of HCV infected patients develop a chronic form of the disease, of whom 25% to 76% develop active chronic disease and cirrhosis, which is the leading cause of liver transplantation in Europe and the”
“Hepatitis B virus can cause long-term problems, such as cirrhosis (chronic liver damage) and liver cancer.”
“The water that I went through all the effort to retrieve would most likely be dirty, contaminated water that would cause my children to suffer from water borne diseases with devastating effects such as cirrhosis of the liver, respiratory failure, and diarrhea (diarrhea, sadly, kills millions of children each year).”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘cirrhosis’.
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