American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Yellowish discoloration of the whites of the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes caused by deposition of bile salts in these tissues. It occurs as a symptom of various diseases, such as hepatitis, that affect the processing of bile. Also called icterus.
- n. A state or feeling of negativity or bitterness arising especially from envy or world-weariness.
- v. To affect with the discoloration of jaundice.
- v. To affect with the negativity or bitterness of jaundice. See Synonyms at bias.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In pathology, a morbid state characterized by the presence of bile-pigments in the blood, which gives rise to a yellow staining of the skin and the whites of the eyes and to a dark coloring of the urine. The stools are usually light in color, and there is more or less lassitude and loss of appetite. Xanthopsy, or yellow vision, occurs in some very rare instances. Also called
- n. Hence A state of feeling or emotion that colors the view or disorders the judgment, as jealousy, envy, and the like.
- To affect with jaundice.
- Hence To affect with prejudice or envy.
- n. Same as grasserie.
- n. pathology A morbid condition, characterized by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine, whiteness of the feces, constipation, queasiness, loss of appetite, and general languor and lassitude. It is caused usually by obstruction of the biliary passages and consequent damming up, in the liver, of the bile, which is then absorbed into the blood. Other causes include increased hemolysis and any liver disease. The discoloration is caused by accumulation of bilirubin in the body; bilirubin is normally excreted in bile to give feces their normal yellow-brown coloration.
- v. transitive To affect with jaundice; to color by prejudice or envy; to prejudice.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Med.) A morbid condition, characterized by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine, whiteness of the fæces, constipation, uneasiness in the region of the stomach, loss of appetite, and general languor and lassitude. It is caused usually by obstruction of the biliary passages and consequent damming up, in the liver, of the bile, which is then absorbed into the blood.
- v. To affect with jaundice; to color by prejudice or envy; to prejudice.
- n. a rough and bitter manner
- v. distort adversely
- v. affect with, or as if with, jaundice
- n. yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia
- From Middle English jaundis, jaunis, from Middle French jaunisse, from jaune ("yellow") + -isse ("-ice, '-ness'"). Jaune, from Old French jalne, from Latin galbinus ("yellowish"), from galbus ("yellow"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English jaundis, jaunis, from Old French jaunice, yellowness, jaundice, from jaune, jalne, yellow, from Latin galbinus, yellowish. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“He then became interested in jaundice, which is always associated with chloroform poisoning and injury to the liver.”
“His doctor noticed immediately that Tom did look ill: his skin and the whites of his eyes had a yellowish hue this is called jaundice, and he had a swollen, distended abdomen.”
“During pregnancy increased amounts of sex hormones are given off, while in jaundice the bile acids are retained in the body.”
“This coloring, called jaundice, is related to bilirubin levels in her blood.”
“He's got jaundice, which is common and not serious.”
“DANIEL SPITZ, FORENSIC PATHOLOGIST: Well, oftentimes, a yellow tint to the eyes indicates jaundice, which is generally associated with some kind of liver condition, maybe cirrhosis of the liver, maybe hepatitis.”
“‘Well, to give you the proper textbook definition: jaundice occurs when there is a breakdown of red blood cells and you get a build-up of a yellow pigment called bilirubin.’”
“Poor Ernest has been suffering since Wednesday last with the jaundice, which is very distressing and troublesome, though not alarming ....”
“Liver damage can cause jaundice, which is when the skin turns yellow.”
“The symptoms that can occur include yellowing of the skin or eyes (known as jaundice), tiredness or fatigue, loss of appetite or nausea, darkening of the urine, fever and aching joints.”
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