from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of several pathological conditions of the muscles, tendons, joints, bones, or nerves, characterized by discomfort and disability.
- n. Rheumatoid arthritis.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any disorder of the muscles, tendons, joints, bones, nerves, characterized by pain, discomfort and disability.
- n. atrophic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A general disease characterized by painful, often multiple, local inflammations, usually affecting the joints and muscles, but also extending sometimes to the deeper organs, as the heart.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The disease specifically known as acute articular rheumatism (see below)—the name including also subacute and chronic forms apparently of the same causation. The word is used with a certain and unfortunate freedom in application to joint pains of various origins and anatomical forms.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
- n. any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues
Latin rheumatismus, rheum, from Greek rheumatismos, from rheumatizesthai, to suffer from rheum, from rheuma, rheumat-, flow, watery discharge from the body (formerly thought to cause aches and pains); see rheum.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
First attested 1601, from Latin rheumatismus ("rheum"), from Ancient Greek ῥευματισμός (rheumatismos, "humour, discharge, rheum") from ῥευματίζομαι (rheumatizomai, "I suffer from a rheum") from ῥεῦμα (rheuma, "stream, flow") from ῥέω (rheō, "I flow") (Wiktionary)