American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A disturbance of uric-acid metabolism occurring chiefly in males, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, especially of the feet and hands, and arthritic attacks resulting from elevated levels of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urate crystals around the joints. The condition can become chronic and result in deformity.
- n. A large blob or clot: "and makes it bleed great gouts of blood” ( Oscar Wilde).
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A drop; a clot; a coagulation.
- n. In falconry, a spot on a hawk.
- n. A disorder characterized by uricemia, by very painful acute or chronic inflammations in the joints, chiefly the smaller joints, and especially in the metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe, and by the deposition of crystals of sodium urate in the inflamed joint-tissues, in nodules in the pinna of the ear, under the skin in the hands and feet, and elsewhere. It is strongly hereditary, but a proper regimen has great efficacy in preventing its development and recurrence. Gout is specifically called, according to the part it chiefly affects, podagra (in the feet), gonagra (in the knees), chiragra (in the hands), etc.
- n. See the extract.
- n. A drain.
- n. A gateway bridge over a watercourse.
- n. A sluice in embankments against the sea, for letting out the land-waters when the tide is out, and preventing the ingress of salt water. Also written go-out.
- n. Taste; relish.
- n. pathology, not countable An extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints.
- n. A spurt or splotch.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A drop; a clot or coagulation.
- n. (Med.) A constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms. It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as the stomach, the intestines, etc. It is an inherited disease of purine metaboism, which causes an increased level of uric acid in the blood, and leads to deposition of crystals of sodium urate in cartilage within joints and in connective tissue. It can be alleviated by a diet low in purines, and is treated by drugs which block formation of uric acid.
- n. A disease of cornstalks. See Corn fly, under Corn.
- n. a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
- Old French gote, gute, from Latin gutta ("drop") (Wiktionary)
- Middle English goute, from Old French, drop, gout, from Medieval Latin gutta, from Latin, drop (from the belief that gout was caused by drops of morbid humors). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“French for 'soil' or 'earth', used in a very special sense in the phrase gout de terroir, or, taste of the soil...”
“• Uric Acid: This acid is elevated in gout and has been associated with Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.”
“Morality was touched upon: gout is less frequently encountered in countries where people are less frequently guilty of ‘errors in living.’”
“I think what appears to be gout is more likely a hydraulic leak.”
“My gout is killing me today, so I'm stuck here at my computer to do my boy scout duties.”
“On 15 August, fearing a lack of supplies, and suffering severely from what his biographers call gout and from impaired eyesight, he left his new discoveries and steered for Haiti.”
“This malady is liable to distort the fingers and knees, and is usually called gout or rheumatism; the former of which is liable to disable the fingers by chalk-stones, and thence to have somewhat a similar appearance.”
“Though, the word gout refers to increased level of uric acid in the body, it has been seen that people with high uric acid in their blood have survived happily without ever attaining gout.”
“ROME -- Long-term gout patients should not be considered "refractory" -- and clinicians should not treat them as such -- until uric crystals are dissolved to the point that flares of pain are prevented, a researcher said here.”
“Novartis now aims to market Ilaris to treat gouty arthritis, also known as gout, a disease that is also triggered by overproduction of interleukin-1 beta.”
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