from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of a number of inflammatory diseases affecting the periodontium—the tissues that surround and support the teeth.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Alveolar periostitis.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
In more advanced phases, the disease is known as periodontitis.
This oral disease is called periodontitis, in which bone-destroying cells are activated by toxins released by bacteria adhering to the surfaces of your teeth and then populate pockets around them.
But popular theory says that gum disease, also known as periodontitis, is caused by bacteria that overgrow in the mouth.
# -- The jaws may be infected in fractures communicating with the mouth or as a result of the unskilful extraction of teeth, but the majority of pyogenic infections originate in relation to carious teeth, beginning as a periodontitis which is followed by diffuse periostitis that may lead to necrosis of considerable portions of bone.
When plaque—that sticky gunk made up of bacteria, saliva, and yesterday’s dinner—wedges between your teeth into your gums, it triggers a process of inflammation that leads to periodontal disease gingivitis is infection of the gums, while periodontitis occurs when the disease progresses to the ligaments and bones around the teeth.
Elderly individuals display increased susceptibility to chronic inflammatory diseases and microbial infections, such as periodontitis and oral aspiration pneumonia.
"The study doesn't have immediate therapeutic applications, but it does open a new avenue of research that could help identify novel therapeutic approaches or interventions to treat diseases such as periodontitis, rheumatoid arthritis or osteoporosis," said Baohong Zhao, Ph. D., lead author of the study and a research fellow in the Arthritis and Tissue Degeneration Program at Hospital for Special Surgery located in New York City.
Investigators at Hospital for Special Surgery, collaborating with researchers from other institutions, have contributed to the discovery that a gene called interferon regulator factor-8 (IRF-8) is involved in the development of diseases such as periodontitis (gum disease), rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis.
Enhanced development of osteoclasts, however, can create canals and cavities that are hallmarks of diseases such as periodontitis, osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
This report states that there is now a virtual reality system that uses 3D medical animations, stereoscopic goggles and touch-based sensors to teach future and active dentists about periodontitis -- an advanced form of gum disease.
Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.