from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A close, careful examination or study.
- n. Close observation; surveillance.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Intense study of someone or something.
- n. Thorough inspection of a situation or a case.
- v. To scrutinize.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Close examination; minute inspection; critical observation.
- n. An examination of catechumens, in the last week of Lent, who were to receive baptism on Easter Day.
- n. A ticket, or little paper billet, on which a vote is written.
- n. An examination by a committee of the votes given at an election, for the purpose of correcting the poll.
- transitive v. To scrutinize.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Close investigation or examination; minute inquiry; critical examination.
- n. Specifically
- n. In the early church, the examination in Lent of catechumens, including instruction in and questions upon the creed, accompanied with prayers, exorcisms, and other ceremonies, prior to their baptism on Easter day.
- n. One of the three methods used in the Roman Catholic Church for electing a Pope.
- n. In canon law, a ticket or little paper billet on which a vote is written.
- n. An examination by a competent authority of the votes given or ballots east at an election, for the purpose of rejecting those that are vitiated or imperfect, and thus correcting the poll.
- n. Synonyms Investigation, Inspection, etc. (see examination), sifting. See search, v.
- To scrutinize.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a prolonged intense look
- n. the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
Middle English scrutinie, taking of a formal vote, from Latin scrūtinium, inquiry, search, from scrūtārī, to search, examine, from scrūta, trash.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English scrutiny, from Medieval Latin scrūtinium ("a search, an inquiry"), from Vulgar Latin scrūtārī ("to search or examine thoroughly"), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Late Latin scrūta ("rubbish, broken trash"); or of Germanic origin, related to Old English scrūtnung ("examination, investigation, inquiry, search"), from Old English scrūtnian, scrūdnian ("to examine carefully, scrutinize, consider, investigate"), from Proto-Germanic *skrudōnan, *skruþōnan (“to search, examine”), from Proto-Germanic *skrud-, *skruþ- (“to cut”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreut- (“to cut”). Compare Old High German skrodōn, scrutōn, scrutilōn ("to research, explore"), Old High German scrod ("a search, scrutiny"), Gothic (andhruskan, "to investigate, explore"), Old English scrēadian ("to shred, cut up, cut off, peel, pare, prune"). More at shred. (Wiktionary)