Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To weigh in the mind with thoroughness and care.
  • intransitive v. To reflect or consider with thoroughness and care.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To wonder, to think of deeply.
  • v. To consider (something) carefully and thoroughly; to chew over, to mull over.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intransitive v. To think; to deliberate; to muse; -- usually followed by on or over.
  • transitive v. To weigh.
  • transitive v. To weigh in the mind; to view with deliberation; to examine carefully; to consider attentively.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • I. To weigh.
  • To weigh carefully in the mind; consider carefully; think about; reflect upon.
  • Synonyms To consider, reflect upon, etc. See list under contemplate.
  • To think; muse; reflect; deliberate: with on or over: as, to ponder over what one has heard.
  • n. Something to ponder on.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. reflect deeply on a subject

Etymologies

Middle English ponderen, from Old French ponderer, from Latin ponderāre, from pondus, ponder-, weight; see (s)pen- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin ponderare ("to weigh, ponder, in Medieval Latin also to load"), from pondus ("weight"), from pendere ("to weigh"); see pendent and pound. (Wiktionary)

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