Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To exceed something else in weight.
  • intransitive v. To be greater than something else, as in power, force, quantity, or importance; predominate: "In balancing his faults with his perfections, the latter seemed rather to preponderate” ( Henry Fielding).
  • adj. Preponderant.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To outweigh; to overpower by weight; to exceed in weight; to overbalance.
  • v. To overpower by stronger or moral power.
  • v. (obsolete) To cause to prefer; to incline; to decide.
  • v. To exceed in weight; hence, to predominate

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intransitive v. To exceed in weight; hence, to incline or descend, as the scale of a balance; figuratively, to exceed in influence, power, etc.; hence; to incline to one side.
  • transitive v. To outweigh; to overpower by weight; to exceed in weight; to overbalance.
  • transitive v. To overpower by stronger or moral power.
  • transitive v. To cause to prefer; to incline; to decide.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To outweigh; surpass in weight, force, efficiency, or influence.
  • To cause to lean or incline in a particular direction; dispose; induce to a particular course of action or frame of mind.
  • To ponder or mentally weigh beforehand.
  • To exceed in weight; hence, to incline or droop, as the scale of a balance.
  • To have superior power, influence, force, or efficiency; predominate; prevail.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. weigh more heavily

Etymologies

Latin praeponderāre, praeponderāt- : prae-, pre- + ponderāre, to weigh; see (s)pen- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin praeponderatus, past participle of praeponderāre ("to outweigh") (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Connections to political authorities and centers are important variables in the activities and identities of the trading tribes and their subgroupings, and compared to kuchis and Lohanis, pawindahs appear less subject to state intervention in commercial, military and administrative arenas and more associated with the Pashto language and territories where Pashto-speakers preponderate.

    Connecting Histories in Afghanistan: Market Relations and State Formation on a Colonial Frontier

  • One observer after another expressed an opinion, but on the day the convention met, even Gore, who was as much an expert on the subject as anyone, confessed that “I really cannot yet form any judgment of the weight of members, or which side the pros or cons will preponderate.”

    Ratification

  • Friedrich Engels brings us closer to some balance in his Letter to J Bloch when he asserts: "The economic situation is the basis, but various elements of the superstructure - ... political, juristic, philosophical theories, religious views ... - also exercise their influence upon the course of the historical struggles and in many cases preponderate in determining their form."

    CONTENTS

  • “O, I see your malice!” cried Cecilia; “you were determined to add weight to the value of your company, by making me fully sensible where the balance would preponderate.”

    Cecilia

  • And on the roads we take, small Obama signs preponderate.

    Mark Meier: Dems Canvass Unlikely Voters in Rural VA, Find Plenty of Misinformation

  • I attended service twice at the Episcopal church, where the service was beautifully read and sung; but in a city in which men preponderate the congregation was mainly composed of women, who fluttered their fans in a truly distracting way.

    A Lady's Life in the Rocky Mountains

  • Blouses, long and short, and velveteen jackets preponderate.

    Scenes from a Courtesan's Life

  • But, in matters of probability, it is not in every case we can be sure that we have all the particulars before us, that any way concern the question; and that there is no evidence behind, and yet unseen, which may cast the probability on the other side, and outweigh all that at present seems to preponderate with us.

    An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

  • The people, by throwing themselves into either scale, will infallibly make it preponderate.

    Has Rudy Giuliani gotten incoherent about abortion?

  • The question of whether such attacks preponderate in the criticism of Thomas is beside the point.

    The Volokh Conspiracy » Jeffrey Toobin’s The Nine and Justice Thomas:

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