American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A usually soft and close-fitting head covering, either having no brim or with a visor.
- n. A special head covering worn to indicate rank, occupation, or membership in a particular group: a cardinal's cap; a sailor's cap.
- n. An academic mortarboard. Used especially in the phrase cap and gown.
- n. A protective cover or seal, especially one that closes off an end or a tip: a bottle cap; a 35-millimeter lens cap.
- n. A crown for covering or sealing a tooth.
- n. A tread for a worn pneumatic tire.
- n. A fitted covering used to seal a well or large pipe.
- n. Chiefly Southern U.S. See eye.
- n. A summit or top, as of a mountain.
- n. An upper limit; a ceiling: placed a cap on mortgage rates.
- n. Architecture The capital of a column.
- n. Botany The top part, or pileus, of a mushroom.
- n. Botany A calyptra.
- n. A percussion cap.
- n. A small explosive charge enclosed in paper for use in a toy gun.
- n. Any of several sizes of writing paper, such as foolscap.
- n. Sports An appearance by a player in an international soccer game, traditionally rewarded with a hat.
- v. To cover, protect, or seal with a cap.
- v. To award a special cap to as a sign of rank or achievement: capped the new women nurses at graduation.
- v. To lie over or on top of; cover: hills capped with snow.
- v. To apply the finishing touch to; complete: cap a meal with dessert.
- v. To follow with something better; surpass or outdo: capped his last trick with a disappearing act that brought the audience to its feet.
- v. To set an upper limit on: decided to cap cost-of-living increases.
- idiom. cap in hand Humbly or submissively.
- idiom. set (one's) cap for To attempt to attract and win as a mate.
- n. A capital letter.
- v. To capitalize.
- n. Informal Capital: venture cap.
- n. Informal Capitalization: market cap.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A covering for the head; a hood; now, especially, a head-covering or head-dress made of soft material and usually fitting more closely to the head than a hat. Men's caps are usually made of cloth, silk, or fur, are without a brim, except sometimes a peak in front, cover the crown or top of the head, and are worn as an outdoor covering. Women's caps are made of lace, muslin, ribbons, and other light materials, and sometimes cover both the back and sides of the head, as well as the top. They are worn as an indoor covering or ornament. Caps are in many cases made to serve, by their form, color, ornamentation, etc., as insignia of rank or dignity, or emblems of particular principles or occupations, as the ecclesiastical cap (see
biretta), the cap of liberty (see Phrygian cap, below), the fool's cap, the nurse's cap, etc.
- n. Anything resembling a cap in appearance, position, or use. Specifically
- n. [⟨ foolscap, orig. used with ref. to the old water-mark of the fool's tap and bells.] A name given, with distinctive qualifications, to several sizes of writing-paper. Foolscap, usually folded the long way, ranges from 12 × 15 to 12½ × 15½ inches. Law cap, folded the narrow way, is of the same dimensions. Pot cap and legal cap, always flat or unfolded, are 13 × 16 inches. Flat cap, or full cap, is 14 × 17 inches. Double cap is 17 × 28 inches. In England pot is 12½ × 15½ inches, and foolscap or cap is 13½ × 16½ inches. Exchange cap is a thin, highly calendered paper of good quality, made of new stock, and used for printing bills of exchange, etc.
- n. The head, chief, or top; the acme.
- n. Head, chief, or master.
- n. An act of respect performed by uncovering the head.
- n. A cap-sheaf (which see).
- n. plural Fungi.
- n. A cape. See cape.
- n. The cap drawn over the head of a criminal immediately before he is hanged.
- n. the cap within the rim or circle of the crown, and covering the head. Such caps are represented of different colors, which are mentioned in the blazon.
- To put a cap on; cover with or as with a cap, in any sense of that word; cover the head, top, end, or some particular part of: as, to cap a dunce at school; to cap (the nipple of) a gun.
- To complete; consummate; crown; bring to a climax; follow up with something more remarkable than what has previously been done: as, to cap a story with its moral; he capped this exploit by another still more audacious.
- To puzzle.
- To deprive of the cap.
- To salute by taking off the cap: as, to cap a proctor.
- To uncover the head in reverence or civility.
- n. A wooden bowl: as, a cap of porridge and milk. Also caup.
- To arrest.
- To seize; lay hold of violently; specifically, to seize (a vessel) as a prize; hence, to entrap or insnare.
- To chap, as the hands.
- To wrinkle.
- To coagulate.
- An abbreviation of capital;
- of Latin caput or capitulum, chapter;
- in printing, of capitalize.
- n. The calyptra of a moss.
- n. A cover of leather or other material for the lens of a camera to exclude light and dust. If a shutter is not used, the exposure is usually made by removing and replacing the cap.
- n. In carriage-trimming, a funnel-shaped leather pocket used to cover the lower ends of carriage-bows and the ends of the bow-irons.
- n. In architecture: Same as capital: in common use among masons.
- n. A coping or other finish of the top of a post or pier or wall, especially anything projecting slightly beyond the vertical faces.
- n. Hence — The horizontal molding finishing at the top a window-trim, door-trim or architrave.
- n. The uppermost member of a hand-rail, as in a balustrade or the like; that part of a hand-rail which is molded to allow the hand to grasp it.
- n. One of the white spots which appear at the poles of Mars and increase and decrease with the changes of the planet's seasons.
- n. In steam-skidding, a cone of sheet-iron or steel, with a hole in the end through which a chain passes, which is fitted over the end of a log before snaking it, to prevent it from catching on stumps, roots, or other obstacles.
- n. In mining, a horizontal timber resting on a prop or on one or more legs, used to support the roof.
- n. Same as marotte.
- n. to pause and consider carefully before deciding or acting.
- n. A close-fitting head covering either without a brim or with a peak.
- n. A special head covering to indicate rank, occupation etc.
- n. An academic mortarboard
- n. A protective cover or seal
- n. A crown for covering a tooth
- n. The summit of a mountain etc.
- n. An artificial upper limit or ceiling
- n. The top part of a mushroom
- n. cricket The cap worn by players as protection from the sun; the cap awarded to a player when first selected to play for a side
- n. A small amount of gunpowder in a paper strip or plastic cup for use in a toy gun
- n. A small explosive device used to detonate a larger charge of explosives
- n. slang A bullet used to shoot someone.
- n. soccer An international appearance
- n. finance An upper limit on the interest rate payable on an otherwise variable-rate loan, used by borrowers to defend against interest rate increases. Opposite of a floor.
- v. To cover or seal with a cap
- v. To award a cap as a mark of distinction etc.
- v. To lie over or on top of something
- v. To surpass or outdo
- v. To set an upper limit on something
- v. To make something even more wonderful at the end.
- v. cricket To select a player to play for a specified side
- v. slang To shoot someone
- v. sports to select to play for the national team.
- v. obsolete To uncover the head respectfully.
- n. finance Capitalization.
- n. informal An uppercase letter
- v. transitive, informal To convert text to uppercase
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A covering for the head.
- n. One usually with a visor but without a brim, for men and boys.
- n. One of lace, muslin, etc., for women, or infants.
- n. One used as the mark or ensign of some rank, office, or dignity, as that of a cardinal.
- n. The top, or uppermost part; the chief.
- n. A respectful uncovering of the head.
- n. (Zoöl.) The whole top of the head of a bird from the base of the bill to the nape of the neck.
- n. Anything resembling a cap in form, position, or use.
- n. (Arch.) The uppermost of any assemblage of parts; ; a capital, coping, cornice, lintel, or plate.
- n. Something covering the top or end of a thing for protection or ornament.
- n. (Naut.) A collar of iron or wood used in joining spars, as the mast and the topmast, the bowsprit and the jib boom; also, a covering of tarred canvas at the end of a rope.
- n. A percussion cap. See under Percussion.
- n. (Mech.) The removable cover of a journal box.
- n. (Geom.) A portion of a spherical or other convex surface.
- n. A large size of writing paper.
- v. To cover with a cap, or as with a cap; to provide with a cap or cover; to cover the top or end of; to place a cap upon the proper part of.
- v. obsolete To deprive of cap.
- v. To complete; to crown; to bring to the highest point or consummation.
- v. Slang. Eng. To salute by removing the cap.
- v. To match; to mate in contest; to furnish a complement to.
- v. To uncover the head respectfully.
- n. a tight-fitting headdress
- v. restrict the number or amount of
- n. a top (as for a bottle)
- n. a protective covering that is part of a plant
- v. lie at the top of
- n. an upper limit on what is allowed
- n. something serving as a cover or protection
- n. (dentistry) dental appliance consisting of an artificial crown for a broken or decayed tooth
- n. a fruiting structure resembling an umbrella or a cone that forms the top of a stalked fleshy fungus such as a mushroom
- n. the upper part of a column that supports the entablature
- n. a mechanical or electrical explosive device or a small amount of explosive; can be used to initiate the reaction of a disrupting explosive
- From Middle English cappe, from Old English cæppe, from Late Latin cappa. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English cappe, from Old English cæppe, from Late Latin cappa.Shortened form of capital1. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“[_He takes off his cap and puts on a woolen cap_.]”
“*applies latex swim cap to hold skull togedder, then CHRG wdoi ober the swim cap*”
“A single multivitamin cap is just not potent enough to provide serious immune support, no matter what the company tells you.”
“In the full-dress of the court, the tall black lambskin cap is changed for a turban of shawl; and in place of the stockings without shoes, on entering the room a pair of red cloth boots reaching to the knee is worn.”
“The term "cap" appears to refer to a limit on construction costs.”
“Phone cap term should be banned when advertising deals, says ACMA MOBILE phone companies should be banned from using the term "cap" when advertising deals, a report recommends.”
“In response, Dems are dropping the term cap-and-trade to try and spin the bill in a new way.”
“Interior Secretary Ken Salazar told CNBC this week that "the term cap and trade is not in the lexicon anymore.”
“The term cap and trade didn't exist until the mid-1990s, but by that time the idea had already served as the centerpiece of a landmark environmental law.”
“One aspect of this survey which is backed up by others: Not too many people have even heard of either approach. 35% of people responded saying they had never even heard the term cap-and-trade before, with 26% saying they know only a very little about it.”
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