American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The lightweight elastic outer bark of the cork oak, used especially for bottle closures, insulation, floats, and crafts.
- n. Something made of cork, especially a bottle stopper.
- n. A bottle stopper made of other material, such as plastic.
- n. A small float used on a fishing line or net to buoy up the line or net or to indicate when a fish bites.
- n. Botany A nonliving, water-resistant protective tissue that is formed on the outside of the cork cambium in the woody stems and roots of many seed plants. Also called phellem.
- v. To stop or seal with or as if with a cork.
- v. To restrain or check; hold back: tried to cork my anger.
- v. To blacken with burnt cork.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A species of oak, Quercus Suber, growing in the south of Europe (especially in Spain and Portugal) and in the north of Africa, having a thick, rough bark, for the sake of which it is often planted. It grows to the height of from 20 to 40 feet, and yields bark every 6 to 10 years for 150 years.
- n. ‐2. The outer bark of this oak, which is very light and elastic, and is used for many purposes, especially for stoppers for bottles and casks, for artificial legs, for inner soles of shoes, for floats of nets, etc. It grows to a thickness of one or two inches, and after removal is replaced by a gradual annual growth from the original cork cambium. Burnt cork or Spanish black is used as an artists' pigment, and was formerly employed in medicine. Finely powdered cork has been used as an absorbent, under the name of suberin.
- n. In botany, a constituent of the bark of most phænogamous plants, especially of dicotyledons. It constitutes the inner growing layer known as cork cambium, cork meristem, or phellogen, the outer dead portion constituting the bulk of the bark. (See
bark.) It may also occur within the stem itself, and is often formed in the repair of wounds in plants.
- n. Something made of cork. Specifically — A cork heel or sole in a shoe.
- n. A stopper or bung for a bottle, cask, or other vessel, cut out of cork; also, by extension, a stopper made of some other substance: as, a rubber cork. A small float of cork used by anglers to buoy up their fishing-lines or to indicate when a fish bites or nibbles; by extension, any such float, even when not made of cork.
- Made of or with cork; consisting wholly or chiefly of cork.
- To stop or bung with a piece of cork, as a bottle or cask; confine or make fast with a cork.
- To stop or check as if with a cork, as a person speaking; silence suddenly or effectually: generally with up: as, this poser corked him up; cork (yourself) up.
- To blacken with burnt cork, as the face, to represent a negro.
- n. A bristle; in the plural, bristles; beard.
- n. A corruption of calk.
- n. The name given in the Highlands of Scotland to the lichen Lecanora tartarea, yielding a crimson or purple dye. See cudbear.
- n. plural A game played with corks colored differently on the sides and so trimmed that they may fall either way, the players betting on whether the majority thrown will fall red or black. Sometimes called props.
- n. In France and Belgium, a game, a mixture of quoits and bowls.
- n. A variety of skittle-pool.
- In currying, to grain.
- n. uncountable The bark of the cork oak, which is very light and porous and used for making bottle stoppers, flotation devices, and insulation material.
- n. A bottle stopper made from this or any other material.
- n. An angling float, also traditionally made of oak cork.
- n. The cork oak.
- n. botany The tissue that grows from the cork cambium.
- v. transitive To seal or stop up, especially with a cork stopper.
- v. transitive To blacken (as) with a burnt cork
- v. To leave the cork in a bottle after attempting to uncork it.
- v. slang To be quiet.
- v. To fill with cork, as the center of a baseball bat.
- v. transitive, Australia To injure through a blow; to induce a haematoma.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The outer layer of the bark of the cork tree (Quercus Suber), of which stoppers for bottles and casks are made. See cutose.
- n. A stopper for a bottle or cask, cut out of cork.
- n. A mass of tabular cells formed in any kind of bark, in greater or less abundance.
- v. To stop with a cork, as a bottle.
- v. To furnish or fit with cork; to raise on cork.
- v. stuff with cork
- n. (botany) outer tissue of bark; a protective layer of dead cells
- n. a small float usually made of cork; attached to a fishing line
- n. outer bark of the cork oak; used for stoppers for bottles etc.
- v. close a bottle with a cork
- n. the plug in the mouth of a bottle (especially a wine bottle)
- n. a port city in southern Ireland
- From Middle English cork ("oak bark", "cork"), from Middle Dutch curc ("cork (material or object)") or Middle Low German korck ("cork (material or object)") or Early Modern German Kork ("cork (material or object)"), 1) from Spanish corcho ("cork (material or object)") (also corcha or corche), (via Mozarabic) from Latin cortex ("bark"), or 2) from (Old) Spanish alcorque ("cork sole"), from Andalusian Arabic القورق (al-qūrq), from Latin quercus ("oak") or Latin cortex ("bark") or from Aramaic (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Dutch kurk or Low German korck, both from Spanish alcorque, cork-soled shoe, probably from Arabic dialectal al-qūrq : al-, the + qūrq (from Latin quercus, oak). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Pulling a cork is a nasty, dirty chore that sometimes has to be done before the joy can ensue.”
“As has been suggested above, using a pulltaps or like designed corkscrew … insert directly into the top center of the wax capsule, when completely inserted, slowly (after all this is wine to be enjoyed rather than slugged one would hope) pull the cork from the bottle.”
“If cork is deemed to be a flawed closure then move to something better.”
“Double cork is snowboarding's must-have trick in Vancouver”
“Moe had a great time stealing then chewing up the cork from the champagne.”
“I too enjoy Morecambe, like suddenly being shot into the sea like a cork from the crowded bottleneck of Lancaster.”
“And, because cork is a democratic troublemaker, this can happen to the world's best wines as well as more humble ones.”
“It goes without saying that anyone with the name of Piers Morgan shouldn't be doing anything physical above popping a cork from a champagne bottle.”
“April makes no difference to the Lavalle cork tree imported from central Japan; to the Sakhalin cork, its diamond bark rising into branches from a trunk of plated sand.”
“I'm not sure they still sell one-sided single blades any more, but I used to store mine by slicing halfway into the cork from a wine bottle and pushing the sharp side into it so that the sharp edge was totally surrounded by cork and wouldn't cut me when I was reaching into the drawer to find something else.”
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