American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The exterior surface and its supporting structures on the top of a building.
- n. The upper exterior surface of a dwelling as a symbol of the home itself: three generations living under one roof.
- n. The top covering of something: the roof of a car.
- n. The upper surface of an anatomical structure, especially one having a vaulted inner structure: the roof of the mouth.
- n. The highest point or limit; the summit or ceiling: A roof on prices is needed to keep our customers happy.
- v. To furnish or cover with or as if with a roof.
- idiom. go through the roof Slang To grow, intensify, or rise to an enormous, often unexpected degree: Operating costs went through the roof last year.
- idiom. go through the roof Slang To become extremely angry: When I told her about breaking the window, she went through the roof.
- idiom. raise the roof Slang To be extremely noisy and boisterous: They raised the roof at the party.
- idiom. raise the roof Slang To complain loudly and bitterly: Angry tenants finally raised the roof about their noisy neighbors.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The external upper covering of a house or other building. Roofs are distinguished by the materials of which they are mainly formed, as thatch, stone, wood, slate, tile, iron, etc., and by their form and mode of construction, in great variety, as shed, curb, hip, gable, pavilion, ogee, and flat roofs. The span of a roof is the width between the supports; the rise is the height of the ridge of the highest part above the level of the supports; the pitch is the slope or angle at which it is inclined. In carpentry, roof signifies the timber framework by which the roofing or covering materials of the building are supported. This consists in general of the principal rafters, the purlins, and the common rafters. The principal rafters, or principals, as they are commonly termed, are placed so as to span the building at intervals usually of 10 or 12 feet; the purlins lie horizontally upon these, and sustain the common rafters, which carry the covering of the roof. The accompanying figure shows one of the two varieties of principals which are in common use (the king-post principal), with the purlins and common rafters in position. (For a diagram of the second, the queen-post principal, see
queen-post.) Each of these modes of framing constitutes a truss. Sometimes, when the width of the building is not great, common rafters are used alone to support the roof. They are in that case joined together in pairs, nailed where they meet at the top, and connected by means of a tie at the bottom. They are then termed couples, a pair forming a couple-close. See also cuts under hammer-beam, hip-roof, jerkin-head, M-roof, pendent, and pendentive.
- n. Anything which in form or position corresponds to or resembles the covering of a house, as the arch or top of a furnace or oven, the top of a carriage or coach or car, an arch or the interior of a vault, the ceiling of a room, etc.; hence, a canopy or the like.
- n. A house.
- n. The upper part of the mouth; the hard palate.
- n. Figuratively, the loftiest part.
- n. In geology, the overlying stratum.
- n. In mining, the top of any subterranean excavation: little used except in coal-mining.
- n. A roof but slightly inclined for the discharge of water. Roofs of this form are common in city buildings, especially in the United States, and are usually covered with sheet-metal.
- To cover with a roof, in any sense of that word.
- To inclose in a house; shelter.
- To arch or form like a roof.
- An obsolete preterit of rive.
- n. The cover at top of a building.
- n. The upper part of a cavity.
- v. To cover or furnish with a roof.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Arch.) The cover of any building, including the roofing (see roofing) and all the materials and construction necessary to carry and maintain the same upon the walls or other uprights. In the case of a building with vaulted ceilings protected by an outer roof, some writers call the vault the
roof, and the outer protection the roof mask. It is better, however, to consider the vault as the ceiling only, in cases where it has farther covering.
- n. That which resembles, or corresponds to, the covering or the ceiling of a house
- n. (Mining.) The surface or bed of rock immediately overlying a bed of coal or a flat vein.
- v. To cover with a roof.
- v. To inclose in a house; figuratively, to shelter.
- n. the inner top surface of a covered area or hollow space
- n. protective covering on top of a motor vehicle
- v. provide a building with a roof; cover a building with a roof
- n. a protective covering that covers or forms the top of a building
- n. an upper limit on what is allowed
- From Middle English rof, from Old English hrōf ("roof, ceiling; top, summit; heaven, sky"), from Proto-Germanic *hrōfan (“roof”), from Proto-Indo-European *krāpo- (“roof”), from Proto-Indo-European *krāwǝ- (“to cover, heap”). Cognate with Scots ruif ("roof"), Dutch roef ("a cabin, wooden cover, deckhouse"), Low German rof ("roof"), Icelandic hróf ("a shed under which ships are built or kept, roof of a boathouse"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English hrōf. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“What comes from the roof," may not be very intelligible; still _roof_ is the word in the original edition of Gibbon, where it corresponds to _toit_ in”
“The main body of the house is 14 feet high to the plates; the lower rooms are 9 feet high; the roof has a pitch of 35° from a horizontal line, giving partially-upright chambers in the main building, and _roof_ lodging rooms in the rear.”
“Has it ever occurred to you to ask the question, what effect the cottage would have upon your feelings if it had _no roof_? no visible roof, I mean; -- if instead of the thatched slope, in which the little upper windows are buried deep, as in a nest of straw -- or the rough shelter of its mountain shales -- or warm coloring of russet tiles -- there were nothing but a flat leaden top to it, making it look like a large packing-case with windows in it?”
“A redesigned hardtop has larger rear side windows and the roof is available in painted body color.”
“In the center of the pillared gazebo-like structure beneath the opening in the roof is a pool of swirling meta-liquids.”
“If spencer or his father-in-law were to complain about the cost of fixing the roof, I would remind them that the cost of not fixing the roof is at least as great.”
“The north end of the roof is also designed to accomodate photo voltaic solar panels.”
“The main walls are made of plaited palm fronds; the roof is a plastic sheet.”
“But when one reaches the front of the church and looks up at a statue of the crucified Jesus, looming over it in a window near the roof is a depiction of a single eye inside a pyramid with yellow and orange sun rays emanating from behind.”
“They feel their roof is attractive, and believe that another fire will not occur again while they are living in their home.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘roof’.
includes words of the "Prodcom list"
Words in the Bible evoking biblical stories or with special spiritual meaning. Proper names have been reduced to the minimum.
abducens.....draw..., ablation.....carr..., acetylcholine......., adrenalin.....nea..., afferent.....to c..., agnosia.....no kn..., alar.....wing-like, alexia.....no words, alveus.....canal, amacrine.....no l..., ambidextrous........, ambiguus.....doub... and 701 more...
Here is a list of Double Letter Words! Everyone is welcome to add some more words if needed!
words for head
( open list, randomness )
Nabbed from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ROT-13#Letter_games_and_net_culture: words that become other existing words (or failing that, acronyms) when a Caesar shift of 13 places is applied to them.
Environmental Ice and Snow
(excluding all the food ice)
Very basic words for ESL students.
Listening to this as an audio book for the second time. Tim O'Brien uses simple words and phrases to great effect. Very few unfamilar and big words . The writing style reminds me of words from Joh...
nature, steampunk, weather, colors, and other assorted (sometimes moody) words
It's snowy, windy, and grey where I am. This should help. :-)
Under the Boardwalk
performed by The Drifters
Oh, when the sun beats down and burns the tar up on the r...
places to hide
Looking for tweets for roof.