Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To make dark or darker.
  • transitive v. To give a darker hue to.
  • transitive v. To fill with sadness; make gloomy.
  • transitive v. To render vague or uncertain; obscure: The sudden drop in stock prices darkened the future for investors.
  • transitive v. To tarnish or stain: a scandal that darkened the family's good name.
  • intransitive v. To become dark or darker.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To make dark or darker by reducing light.
  • v. To become dark or darker (having less light).
  • v. To make dark or darker in colour.
  • v. To become dark or darker in colour.
  • v. To render gloomy, dark(er) of mood
  • v. To become gloomy, dark of mood
  • v. To blind, impair eyesight
  • v. To be blinded, loose clear vision

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intransitive v. To grow or darker.
  • transitive v. To make dark or black; to deprive of light; to obscure.
  • transitive v. To render dim; to deprive of vision.
  • transitive v. To cloud, obscure, or perplex; to render less clear or intelligible.
  • transitive v. To cast a gloom upon.
  • transitive v. To make foul; to sully; to tarnish.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To grow dark or darker.
  • To grow less white or clear; assume a darker hue or appearance: as, white paper darkens with age.
  • To deprive of light; make dark or darker: as, to darken a room by closing the shutters.
  • To obscure or shut out the light of.
  • To render less white or clear; impart a darker hue to: as, exposure to the sun darkens the complexion.
  • To obscure or cloud the meaning or intelligence of; perplex; render vague or uncertain.
  • To render gloomy; sadden.
  • To deprive of vision; strike with blindness.
  • Hence To deprive of intellectual or spiritual light; sink in darkness or ignorance.
  • To sully; make foul; make less bright or lustrous.
  • To hide; conceal.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. become dark or darker
  • v. make dark or darker
  • v. tarnish or stain

Etymologies

From Middle English derkenen, dirkenen, from Old English *deorcnian, *diercnian (“to darken”), equivalent to dark +‎ -en. Cognate with Scots derken, durken ("to darken"), Old High German tarchanjan, terchinen ("to darken"), Middle High German terken, derken ("to darken"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • As Langdon listened to the caller, Hadley watched his expression darken.

    The Shadow of Your Smile

  • For a moment, she thought Lord Kingwood would argue when she saw his expression darken, but after a quick glare at the young gentleman, Lord Kingwood turned on his heel and slipped through the crowd.

    A PROPER AFFAIR

  • Guards shouted clopidogrel guidelines uk elicia had eyes narrowing great lord who have different rate all superstiti effects expired motrin darken her not just fled beyond and wrist many demands about again lescol xl prices yannis spotted snow leopard man going stirred the have become waited patiently freeze.

    Matthew Yglesias » Commerce Cabinet Crisis III

  • I liked darkstar, and darken is ok, but I thought I would mention that you could always go with an ordinary name like logan, cable, or bishop from marvel.

    Superhero Nation: how to write superhero novels and comic books » Wings’ Second Review Forum

  • I promise that I will never again darken your conservative blog-halls with my comments to lure your readers from you .. .... but ...

    Miss Smack is Rotting The Fabric of Society

  • VATICAN CITY (RNS) Pope Benedict XVI told reporters en route to Cyprus on Friday (June 4) that the murder of an Italian-born bishop in Turkey would not "darken" Catholic dialogue with Muslims.

    Pope Says Bishop's Murder Won't 'Darken' Dialogue With Muslims

  • Yes, it's technologically possible to "darken" someone's skin for TV, but honey – perhaps it's the video settings on your television ... if you go from station to station, everyone's skin color can vary.

    Michelle Obama: Let's move past Wright, get back to issues

  • Image Divine tho 'darken'd; and tho' walking as one

    Romanticism, Alchemy, and Psychology

  • Before she did, though, she could see Earl Parker’s expression darken and his ramrod-straight posture give way to what she could only imagine was some kind of bad news.

    Gideon’s war

  • There have been mutual injuries, degradations, retrogressions, such as darken all the pages of human history; the manifest evil which often defies all interpretation, and which only a profound faith can regard as "good in the making."

    The Chief End of Man

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