American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A chisel with a rounded, troughlike blade.
- n. A scooping or digging action, as with such a chisel.
- n. A groove or hole scooped with or as if with such a chisel.
- n. Informal A large amount, as of money, exacted or extorted.
- v. To cut or scoop out with or as if with a gouge: "He began to gouge a small pattern in the sand with his cane” ( Vladimir Nabokov).
- v. To force out the eye of (a person) with one's thumb.
- v. To thrust one's thumb into the eye of.
- v. Informal To extort from.
- v. Slang To swindle.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A chisel with a longitudinally curved blade, used to cut holes, channels, or grooves in wood or stone, or for turning wood in a lathe.
- n. In bookbinding, a gilders' tool intended to make the segment of a circle.
- n. A local name for a shell which gouges or cuts the foot when trodden on; specifically, in the Gulf of Mexico, a shell of the genus Pinna or Vermetus.
- n. A stamp for cutting leather or paper.
- n. In mining, the band or layer of decomposed country rock or clayey material (flucan) often found on each side of a lode. It is so called because it can be easily removed or gouged out with a pick, thus greatly facilitating the removal of the contents of the lode. See
- n. An effect of gouging; an excavation or a hole made by or as if by scooping out matter.
- n. An imposition; a cheat; also, an impostor.
- To scoop out or turn with a gouge.
- Hence To scoop or excavate as if with a gouge; dig or tear out by or as if by a scooping action: as, to gouge a loaf of bread; to gouge a hole in a garment. [Gouging out the eyes of an antagonist with the thumb or finger has been a practice among brutal fighters in some parts of both Europe and America, but is now probably rare everywhere.
- To cheat in a bold or brutal manner; overreach in a bargain.
- n. A cut or groove, as left by something sharp.
- n. A chisel, with a curved blade, for scooping or cutting holes, channels, or grooves, in wood, stone, etc.
- n. A bookbinder's tool with a curved face, used for blind tooling or gilding.
- n. An incising tool that cuts forms or blanks for gloves, envelopes, etc.. from leather, paper, etc.
- n. mining Soft material lying between the wall of a vein and the solid vein.
- n. slang imposition; cheat; fraud
- n. slang An impostor; a cheat.
- v. transitive To make a mark or hole by scooping.
- v. transitive or intransitive To push, or try to push the eye (of a person) out of its socket.
- v. transitive To charge an unreasonably or unfairly high price.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A chisel, with a hollow or semicylindrical blade, for scooping or cutting holes, channels, or grooves, in wood, stone, etc.; a similar instrument, with curved edge, for turning wood.
- n. A bookbinder's tool for blind tooling or gilding, having a face which forms a curve.
- n. An incising tool which cuts forms or blanks for gloves, envelopes, etc. from leather, paper, etc.
- n. (Mining) Soft material lying between the wall of a vein and the solid vein.
- n. The act of scooping out with a gouge, or as with a gouge; a groove or cavity scooped out, as with a gouge.
- n. Slang, U. S. Imposition; cheat; fraud; also, an impostor; a cheat; a trickish person.
- v. make a groove in
- n. the act of gouging
- n. an impression in a surface (as made by a blow)
- n. and edge tool with a blade like a trough for cutting channels or grooves
- v. force with the thumb
- v. obtain by coercion or intimidation
- Noun from Old French gouge, itself from Late Latin gulbia ("piercer"), from Gaulish (compare Scottish Gaelic gilb ("chisel"), Welsh gylyf ("sickle")), from *gulbi ("beak") (compare Old Irish gulba, Welsh gylf, Old Breton golb). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin gubia, variant of gulbia, of Celtic origin. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“_I immediately declared in favour of "gouge" -- a decision for which Mr. Slumper, to whom victory is even more terrible than defeat, will thank me yet.”
“TUCHMAN: The city is imploring business people not to price gouge, which is happening in some cases.”
“There in the gouge was a length of pipe a few hundred feet in diameter.”
“In tapping the tree, the gouge is the best implement that can be used, provided it is an object to save the timber.”
The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom Considered in Their Various Uses to Man and in Their Relation to the Arts and Manufactures; Forming a Practical Treatise & Handbook of Reference for the Colonist, Manufacturer, Merchant, and Consumer, on the Cultivation, Preparation for Shipment, and Commercial Value, &c. of the Various Substances Obtained From Trees and Plants, Entering into the Husbandry of Tropical and Sub-tropical Regions, &c.
“This is not a conscious decision of anybody to "pass on" a cost or "gouge" a buyer, but simply is the way that markets work.”
“Did someone "gouge" you somewhere along the line (so to speak) - Come on, let's talk it out .. so we can all feel better.”
“There is a whole system of quick fix and quick study," says Burke, now an associate dean at Johns Hopkins, Middies are permitted to use "gouge," Academy slang for copies of old tests, kept on file in libraries and circulated before exams.”
“I'd also recommend to anyone reading them to buy one of the several Lexicon "gouge" books to accompany and understand the early 18th century language O'Brian writes in.”
“The "gouge," Navyese for hot information, was obviously being withheld for the moment.”
“a scoop; and to gouge is to poke out the eye: this is done by thrusting the fingers into the side-hair thus acting as a base and by prising out the ball with the thumbnail which is purposely grown long.”
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