from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An additional sum added to the usual amount or cost.
- n. An overcharge, especially when unlawful.
- n. An additional or excessive burden; an overload.
- n. A new value or denomination overprinted on a postage or revenue stamp.
- n. The stamp to which a new value has been applied.
- n. Law The act of surcharging.
- transitive v. To charge (a person) an additional sum.
- transitive v. To overcharge (a person).
- transitive v. To place an excessive burden on; overload.
- transitive v. To fill beyond usual capacity; overfill.
- transitive v. To print a surcharge on (a postage or revenue stamp).
- transitive v. Law To show an omission of a credit in (an account).
- transitive v. To require (a person) to reimburse funds spent without authorization.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An addition of extra charge on the agreed or stated price.
- n. An excessive price charged e.g. to an unsuspecting customer.
- n. An overprint on a stamp that alters (usually raises) the original nominal value of the stamp; used especially in times of hyperinflation.
- n. A charge that has been omitted from an account as payment of a credit to the charged party.
- n. A penalty for failure to exercise common prudence and skill in the performance of a fiduciary's duties.
- n. An excessive load or burden.
- n. The putting, by a commoner, of more animals on the common than he is entitled to.
- v. To apply a surcharge.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge.
- transitive v.
- transitive v. To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as a common, than the person has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain. Blackstone.
- transitive v. To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given.
- transitive v. To print or write a surcharge on (a postage stamp).
- n. An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can well be borne.
- n. The putting, by a commoner, of more beasts on the common than he has a right to.
- n. The showing an omission, as in an account, for which credit ought to have been given.
- n. A charge over the usual or legal rates.
- n. Something printed or written on a postage stamp to give it a new legal effect, as a new valuation, a place, a date, etc.; also (Colloq.), a stamp with a surcharge.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To overload, in any sense; overburden: as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon.
- In law: To show an omission in; show that the accounting party ought to have charged himself with more than he has. See surcharge and falsification, under surcharge, n.
- To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as a common, than the person has a right to put, or more than the herbage will sustain.
- To overcharge; make an extra charge upon.
- n. A charge or load above another charge; hence, an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can be well borne.
- n. A charge or supply in excess of the amount requisite for immediate use, or for the work in hand, as of nervous force or of electricity.
- n. In law: An extra charge made by assessors upon such as neglect to make a due return of the taxes to which they are liable.
- n. The showing of an omission in an account or something in respect of which the accounting party ought to have charged himself more than no has.
- n. In ceramics, a painting in a lighter enamel over a darker one which forms the ground: as, a white flower in surcharge on a buff ground.
- n. An overcharge beyond what is just and right.
- To print or write officially a surcharge on the face of (a postage-stamp). See surcharge, n., 6.
- n. Something, as a new valuation or status, offioially printed on the face of a postage-stamp.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. rip off; ask an unreasonable price
- v. charge an extra fee, as for a special service
- v. place too much a load on
- n. an additional charge (as for items previously omitted or as a penalty for failure to exercise common caution or common skill)
- v. fill to an excessive degree
- v. show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given
- v. fill to capacity with people
- v. print a new denomination on a stamp or a banknote
Middle English, from surchargen, to overtax, from Old French surcharger : sur-, sur- + chargier, to charge; see charge.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From sur- + charge (Wiktionary)