from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To interfere with the respiration of by compression or obstruction of the larynx or trachea.
  • transitive v. To check or slow down the movement, growth, or action of: a garden that was choked by weeds.
  • transitive v. To block up or obstruct by filling or clogging: Mud choked the drainpipe.
  • transitive v. To fill up completely; jam: Major commuter arteries were choked with stalled traffic.
  • transitive v. To reduce the air intake of (a carburetor), thereby enriching the fuel mixture.
  • transitive v. Sports To grip (a bat or racket, for example) at a point nearer the hitting surface.
  • intransitive v. To have difficulty in breathing, swallowing, or speaking.
  • intransitive v. To become blocked up or obstructed.
  • intransitive v. Sports To shorten one's grip on the handle of a bat or racket. Often used with up.
  • intransitive v. To fail to perform effectively because of nervous agitation or tension, especially in an athletic contest: choked by missing an easy putt on the final hole.
  • n. The act or sound of choking.
  • n. Something that constricts or chokes.
  • n. A slight narrowing of the barrel of a shotgun serving to concentrate the shot.
  • n. A device used in an internal-combustion engine to enrich the fuel mixture by reducing the flow of air to the carburetor.
  • n. The fibrous inedible center of an artichoke head.
  • choke back To hold back; suppress: choked back his tears.
  • choke off To bring to an end as if by choking: "Treasury borrowing of existing savings would drive up the interest rate and choke off economic activity” ( Paul Craig Roberts).
  • choke up To be unable to speak because of strong emotion.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe, for instance food or other objects that go down the wrong way.
  • v. To prevent someone from breathing by strangling them.
  • v. To perform badly at a crucial stage of a competition because one is nervous, especially when one is winning.
  • v. Of a cave passage, to be partly or completely blocked by boulders, mud etc.
  • v. To move one's fingers very close to the tip of a pencil, brush or other art tool.
  • n. A control on a carburetor to adjust the air/fuel mixture when the engine is cold.
  • n. In wrestling, karate (etc.), a type of hold that can result in strangulation.
  • n. A constriction at the muzzle end of a shotgun barrel which affects the spread of the shot.
  • n. A partial or complete blockage (of boulders, mud, etc.) in a cave passage.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A stoppage or irritation of the windpipe, producing the feeling of strangulation.
  • n.
  • n. The tied end of a cartridge.
  • n. A constriction in the bore of a shotgun, case of a rocket, etc.
  • intransitive v. To have the windpipe stopped; to have a spasm of the throat, caused by stoppage or irritation of the windpipe; to be strangled.
  • intransitive v. To be checked, as if by choking; to stick.
  • transitive v. To render unable to breathe by filling, pressing upon, or squeezing the windpipe; to stifle; to suffocate; to strangle.
  • transitive v. To obstruct by filling up or clogging any passage; to block up.
  • transitive v. To hinder or check, as growth, expansion, progress, etc.; to stifle.
  • transitive v. To affect with a sense of strangulation by passion or strong feeling.
  • transitive v. To make a choke, as in a cartridge, or in the bore of the barrel of a shotgun.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To stop the breath of by preventing access of air to the windpipe; suffocate; stifle.
  • Specifically To deprive of the power of breathing, either temporarily or permanently, by stricture of or obstruction in the windpipe; constrict or stop up the windpipe of so as to hinder or prevent breathing; strangle.
  • To stop by filling; obstruct; block up: often with up: as, to choke up the entrance of a harbor or any passage.
  • To hinder by obstruction or impediments; overpower, hinder, or check the growth, expansion, or progress of; stifle; smother.
  • To suppress or stifle.
  • To offend greatly; revolt.
  • Same as choke-bore.
  • To stifle or suffocate, as by obstruction and pressure in hastily swallowing food, or by irritation of the air-passages when fluids are accidentally admitted there.
  • To be checked as if by choking; stick.
  • To stop or cease working: said of electrical apparatus.
  • n. The constriction of the bore of a choke-bored gun.—
  • n. The neck or portion of a rocket where the stick is attached.—
  • n. The tie at the end of a cartridge.
  • n. The filamentous or capillary part of the artichoke.
  • n. In India, an open place or wide street, in the middle of a city, where the market is held.
  • n. plural Tonsillitis.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion
  • v. reduce the air supply
  • v. cause to retch or choke
  • v. pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life
  • v. check or slow down the action or effect of
  • n. a coil of low resistance and high inductance used in electrical circuits to pass direct current and attenuate alternating current
  • v. impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of
  • v. constrict (someone's) throat and keep from breathing
  • n. a valve that controls the flow of air into the carburetor of a gasoline engine
  • v. suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of
  • v. become stultified, suppressed, or stifled
  • v. become or cause to become obstructed
  • v. fail to perform adequately due to tension or agitation
  • v. wring the neck of
  • v. be too tight; rub or press
  • v. struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake


Middle English choken, short for achoken, from Old English āceōcian : ā-, intensive pref. + cēoce, cēace, jaw, cheek.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English choken (also cheken), from Old English *ċēocian, āċēocian ("to choke"), probably derived from Old English ċēoce, ċēace ("jaw, cheek"), see cheek. Cognate with Icelandic kok ("throat"), koka ("to gulp"). See also achoke. (Wiktionary)


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