from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To wrap up, as in a blanket or shawl, for warmth, protection, or secrecy.
- transitive v. To wrap or pad in order to deaden the sound: muffled the drums.
- transitive v. To deaden (a sound): The sand muffled the hoofbeats.
- transitive v. To make vague or obscure: "His message was so muffled by learning and 'artiness'” ( Walter Blair).
- transitive v. To repress; stifle.
- n. Something that muffles.
- n. A kiln or part of a kiln in which pottery can be fired without being exposed to direct flame.
- n. The fleshy, hairless snout of certain mammals, such as ruminants.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Anything that mutes or deadens sound.
- n. A warm piece of clothing for the hands.
- n. A kiln or furnace, often electric, with no direct flames (a muffle furnace)
- v. To wrap up (a person, face etc.) in fabric or another covering, for warmth or protection.
- v. To wrap up or cover (a source of noise) in order to deaden the sound.
- v. To mute or deaden (a sound etc.).
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The bare end of the nose between the nostrils; -- used esp. of ruminants.
- transitive v. To wrap up in something that conceals or protects; to wrap, as the face and neck, in thick and disguising folds; hence, to conceal or cover the face of; to envelop; to inclose; -- often with up.
- transitive v. To prevent seeing, or hearing, or speaking, by wraps bound about the head; to blindfold; to deafen.
- transitive v. To wrap or fit with something that dulls or deadens the sound of.
- intransitive v. To speak indistinctly, or without clear articulation.
- n. Anything with which another thing, as an oar or drum, is muffled; also, a boxing glove; a muff.
- n. An earthenware compartment or oven, often shaped like a half cylinder, used in furnaces to protect objects heated from the direct action of the fire, as in scorification of ores, cupellation of ore buttons, etc.
- n. A small oven for baking and fixing the colors of painted or printed pottery, without exposing the pottery to the flames of the furnace or kiln.
- n. A pulley block containing several sheaves.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To infold or wrap up, especially in some cloth or woven fabric, so as to conceal from view or protect from the weather; wrap up or cover close, particularly the neck and face; envelop or inwrap in some covering.
- To blindfold.
- Figuratively, to wrap up or cover; conceal; involve.
- To envelop more or less completely in something that deadens sound: used especially of bells, drums, and oars. See muffled.
- To restrain from speaking by wrapping up the head; put to silence.
- Synonyms Muzzle, etc. See gag.
- To mumble; mutter; speak indistinctly.
- n. The tumid and naked part of the upper lip and nose of ruminants and rodents.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping
- v. conceal or hide
- n. a kiln with an inner chamber for firing things at a low temperature
Middle English muflen, possibly from Old French mofler, to stuff, from mofle, glove; see muff2.
French mufle, perhaps blend of moufle, chubby face (from Old French; see muff2) and museau, muzzle (from Old French musel; see muzzle).(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English muflen "to muffle", aphetic alteration of Anglo-Norman amoufler, from Old French enmoufler ("to wrap up, muffle"), from moufle ("mitten"), from Medieval Latin muffula ("a muff"), of Germanic origin (—first recorded in the Capitulary of Aachen in 817 CE), from Frankish *muffël "a muff, wrap, envelope" from *muff- "sleeve, wrap" (from Proto-Germanic *mawwō (“sleeve”)) + *vël "skin, hide" (from Proto-Germanic *fellan (“skin, film, fleece”), from Proto-Indo-European *pel(e)(w)-, *plē(w)- (“skin, hide”)). Akin to Middle High German mouwe, mōwe ("sleeve") (German Muff "muff", Dutch mouw "sleeve"). Alternate etymology traces the Medieval Latin word to Frankish *molfell (“soft garment made of hide”) from *mol (“softened, forworn”) (akin to Old High German molawēn "to soften", Middle High German molwic "soft") + *fell (“hide, skin”). Akin to Old High German fel ("fell, skin, hide"), Old English fell ("fell, skin, hide"). More at mulch, fell, camouflage. (Wiktionary)