Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To bend over or double up so that one part lies on another part: fold a sheet of paper.
  • transitive v. To make compact by doubling or bending over parts: folded the laundry; folded the chairs for stacking.
  • transitive v. To bring from an extended to a closed position: The hawk folded its wings.
  • transitive v. To bring from a compact to an extended position; unfold: folded the ironing board down from the wall; folded out the map to see where we were.
  • transitive v. To place together and intertwine: fold one's arms.
  • transitive v. To envelop or clasp; enfold: folded his children to his breast; folded the check into the letter.
  • transitive v. To blend (a light ingredient) into a heavier mixture with a series of gentle turns: folded the beaten egg whites into the batter.
  • transitive v. Informal To discontinue operating; close: They had to fold the company a year after they started it.
  • transitive v. Games To withdraw (one's hand) in defeat, as by laying cards face down on a table.
  • transitive v. Geology To form bends in (a stratum of rock).
  • intransitive v. To become folded.
  • intransitive v. To be capable of being folded: a bed that folds for easy storage.
  • intransitive v. Informal To close, especially for lack of financial success; fail.
  • intransitive v. Games To withdraw from a game in defeat.
  • intransitive v. Informal To give in; buckle: a team that never folded under pressure.
  • intransitive v. Informal To weaken or collapse from exertion.
  • n. The act or an instance of folding.
  • n. A part that has been folded over or against another: the loose folds of the drapery; clothes stacked in neat folds.
  • n. A line or mark made by folding; a crease: tore the paper carefully along the fold.
  • n. A coil or bend, as of rope.
  • n. Chiefly British A hill or dale in undulating country.
  • n. Geology A bend in a stratum of rock.
  • n. Anatomy A crease or ridge apparently formed by folding, as of a membrane; a plica.
  • n. A fenced enclosure for domestic animals, especially sheep.
  • n. A flock of sheep.
  • n. A group of people or institutions bound together by common beliefs and aims: "He is a living testament to the wisdom of admitting lay psychoanalysts into the official fold” ( Jerome Bruner).
  • n. A religious congregation: The priest welcomed new parishioners into the fold.
  • transitive v. To place or keep (sheep, for example) in a fenced enclosure.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To bend (any thin material, such as paper) over so that it comes in contact with itself.
  • v. To make the proper arrangement (in a thin material) by bending.
  • v. To fall over; to be crushed.
  • v. To enclose within folded arms (see also enfold).
  • v. To give way on a point or in an argument.
  • v. To withdraw from betting.
  • v. To stir gently, with a folding action.
  • v. Of a company, to cease to trade.
  • n. An act of folding.
  • n. A bend or crease.
  • n. Any correct move in origami.
  • n. The division between the top and bottom halves of a broadsheet: headlines above the fold will be readable in a newsstand display; usually the fold.
  • n. The division between the part of a web page visible in a web browser window without scrolling; usually the fold.
  • n. The bending or curving of one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, as a result of plastic (i.e. permanent) deformation.
  • n. In functional programming, any of a family of higher-order functions that process a data structure recursively to build up a value.
  • n. A pen or enclosure for sheep or other domestic animals.
  • n. Home, family.
  • n. A church congregation, a church, the Christian church as a whole, the flock of Christ.
  • n. A boundary or limit.
  • v. To confine sheep in a fold.
  • n. The Earth; earth; land, country.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A doubling,esp. of any flexible substance; a part laid over on another part; a plait; a plication.
  • n. Times or repetitions; -- used with numerals, chiefly in composition, to denote multiplication or increase in a geometrical ratio, the doubling, tripling, etc., of anything.
  • n. That which is folded together, or which infolds or envelops; embrace.
  • n. An inclosure for sheep; a sheep pen.
  • n. A flock of sheep; figuratively, the Church or a church.
  • n. A boundary; a limit.
  • intransitive v. To become folded, plaited, or doubled; to close over another of the same kind; to double together.
  • intransitive v. To confine sheep in a fold.
  • transitive v. To lap or lay in plaits or folds; to lay one part over another part of; to double
  • transitive v. To double or lay together, as the arms or the hands.
  • transitive v. To inclose within folds or plaitings; to envelop; to infold; to clasp; to embrace.
  • transitive v. To cover or wrap up; to conceal.
  • transitive v. To confine in a fold, as sheep.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To double over upon itself; lay or bring one part of over or toward another by bending; bend over: used of things thin and flexible, or relatively so, as a piece of cloth, a sheet of paper, a stratum of rock, etc.: often with up.
  • To bring together or place over each other, as two correlated parts: as, to fold together the ends of a piece of cloth; to fold one's arms or one's hands.
  • To inclose in a fold or in folds; wrap up; cover up or hide away.
  • To inclose in or as in the arms; embrace.
  • To throw down; overthrow; cause to yield.
  • To become doubled upon itself; become bent so that one part lies over upon another.
  • To infold; embrace.
  • To yield; give way; fail.
  • To confine, as sheep, in a fold.
  • To confine sheep in a fold.
  • n. A double or bend in a more or less flexible substance, as cloth; a flexure, especially one so extensive as to bring the parts on either side of the line of bending near together.
  • n. The parts which are brought together by bending or folding, or one of them; specifically, a plait in a garment or in drapery: as, a broad fold of cloth.
  • n. In entomology, a plica or ridge, generally inclined to one side, appearing as if the surface had been folded.
  • n. plural Involved parts of a complex whole; windings: a complex arrangement or constitution; intricacy.
  • n. A clasp; an embrace.
  • n. A sheaf or bundle, as of straw.
  • n. See the adjectives.
  • n. A place of protection or inclosure for domestic animals, usually for sheep.
  • n. Hence A flock of sheep.
  • n. A limit; a boundary.
  • n. A farm-yard.
  • n. The inclosure of a farm-house.
  • n. The earth; earth.
  • n. A multiplicative suffix, attached to numerals, as in twofold, threefold, fourfold, etc., in algebra n-fold, etc., signifying ‘two, three, four, etc., n, etc., times as much’; so in many-fold, of which the older form, with modified meaning, remains in manifold.
  • n. In geology, a bend in strata varying from a monoclinal or a simple change in the inclination of the beds with a dip still in the same direction as before, through anticlinals and synclinals, which have respectively opposing and converging dips on each side of a central axis, to overturned, collapsed, and fan-shaped folds, with very irregular dips. Folds are believed to be due to the compressive strains in the earth's crust. Compare monoclinal, anticlinal, synclinal, isocline,dome, basin, 9, etc.
  • n. In the Brachiopoda, a term applied with distinctive value to the median elevation of the shell, which is more or less pronounced in all except atrematous genera.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a pen for sheep
  • n. a folded part (as in skin or muscle)
  • v. incorporate a food ingredient into a mixture by repeatedly turning it over without stirring or beating
  • v. confine in a fold, like sheep
  • v. bend or lay so that one part covers the other
  • v. cease to operate or cause to cease operating
  • v. become folded or folded up
  • n. a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church
  • n. the act of folding
  • n. an angular or rounded shape made by folding
  • n. a group of sheep or goats
  • n. a geological process that causes a bend in a stratum of rock

Etymologies

Middle English folden, from Old English fealdan, faldan. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English folden, from Old English fealdan, from Proto-Germanic *falþanan (“to fold”), from Proto-Indo-European *palo-, *plō- (“to fold”), compare Albanian palë. Akin to Dutch vouwen, German falten, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌻𐌸𐌰𐌽 (falþan), Old Norse falda (Danish folde). (Wiktionary)
From Middle English fold, fald, from Old English fald, falæd, falod ("fold, stall, stable, cattle-pen"), from Proto-Germanic *faludaz (“enclosure”). Akin to Scots fald, fauld ("an enclosure for livestock"), Dutch vaalt ("dung heap"), Middle Low German valt, vālt ("an inclosed space, a yard"), Danish fold ("pen for herbivorous livestock"), Swedish fålla ("corral, pen, pound"). (Wiktionary)
From Middle English, from Old English folde ("earth, land, country, district, region, territory, ground, soil, clay"), from Proto-Germanic *fuldōn (“ground, plain”), from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (“field, plain”). Cognate with Norwegian and Icelandic fold ("land, earth, meadow"). (Wiktionary)

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