American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Having a low temperature.
- adj. Having a temperature lower than normal body temperature.
- adj. Feeling no warmth; uncomfortably chilled.
- adj. Marked by deficient heat: a cold room.
- adj. Being at a temperature that is less than what is required: cold oatmeal.
- adj. Chilled by refrigeration or ice: cold beer.
- adj. Lacking emotion; objective: cold logic.
- adj. Having no appeal to the senses or feelings: a cold decor.
- adj. Not affectionate or friendly; aloof: a cold person; a cold nod.
- adj. Exhibiting or feeling no enthusiasm: a cold audience; a cold response to the new play; a concert that left me cold.
- adj. Devoid of sexual desire; frigid.
- adj. Designating a tone or color, such as pale gray, that suggests little warmth.
- adj. Having lost all freshness or vividness through passage of time: dogs attempting to catch a cold scent.
- adj. Marked by or sustaining a loss of body heat: cold hands and feet.
- adj. Appearing to be dead; unconscious.
- adj. Dead: was cold in his grave.
- adj. Marked by unqualified certainty or sure familiarity.
- adj. So intense as to be almost uncontrollable: cold fury.
- adj. Characterized by repeated failure, especially in a sport or competitive activity: The team fell into a slump of cold shooting.
- adv. To an unqualified degree; totally: was cold sober.
- adv. With complete finality: We turned him down cold.
- adv. Without advance preparation or introduction: took the exam cold and passed; walked in cold and got the new job.
- n. Relative lack of warmth.
- n. The sensation resulting from lack of warmth; chill.
- n. A condition of low air temperature; cold weather: went out into the cold and got a chill.
- n. A viral infection characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the upper respiratory passages and usually accompanied by malaise, fever, chills, coughing, and sneezing. Also called common cold, coryza.
- idiom. out in the cold Lacking benefits given to others; neglected.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Producing the peculiar kind of sensation which results when the temperature of certain points on the skin is lowered; especially, producing this sensation with considerable or great intensity, an inferior degree of intensity being denoted by the word cool; gelid; frigid; chilling: as, cold air; a cold stone; cold water. A substance induces this sensation when it is sensibly less warm than the body, and in contact with it absorbs its heat by conduction.
- Physically, having a low temperature, or a lower temperature than another body with which it is compared: without direct reference to any sensation produced: as, the sun grows colder constantly through radiation of its heat. In this sense, a body which is warm or hot to the touch may be cold as compared with some body still hotter. See
- Having the sensation induced by contact with a substance of which the temperature is sensibly lower, especially much lower, than that of the part of the body touching it, inferior degrees of the sensation being denoted by cool, chill, chilly. The sensation of cold is probably not the mere opposite of the sensation of heat, but is a distinct sensation residing in points of the skin different in position from those in which the sensation of heat is felt.
- Figuratively Affecting the senses only slightly; not strongly perceptible to the smell or taste. Bland; mild; not pungent or acrid.
- Not fresh or vivid; faint; old: applied in hunting to scent, and in woodcraft to trails or signs not of recent origin.
- In the game of hunt-the-thimble and similar games, distant from the object of search: opposed to warm, that is, near, and hot, very near.
- Affecting or arousing the feelings or passions only slightly. Deficient in passion, zeal, enthusiasm, or ardor; insensible; indifferent; unconcerned; phlegmatic; not animated or easily excited into action; not affectionate, cordial, or friendly: as, a cold audience; a cold lover or friend; a cold temper.
- Not heated by sensual desire; chaste.
- Not moving or exciting feeling or emotion; unaffecting; not animated or animating; not able to excite feeling or interest; spiritless: as, a cold discourse; cold comfort.
- Unmoved by interest or strong feeling; imperturbable; deliberate; cool.
- Having lost the first warmth, as of feeling or interest.
- In art, blue in effect, or inclined toward blue in tone; noting a tone, or hue, as of a pigment, or an effect of light, into the composition of which blue enters, though the blue may not be apparent to the eye: as, a picture cold in tone.
- Discouraging; worrying; inspiring anxiety.
- n. The sensation produced by sensible loss of heat from some part of the body, particularly its surface; especially, the sensation produced by contact with a substance having a sensibly lower temperature than the body.
- n. The relative absence or want of heat in one body as compared with another; especially, the physical cause of the sensation of cold.
- n. In physical, a temperature below the freezing-point of water: thus, 10° of cold, C., means 10° below zero. C.; 10° of cold, F., means 22° F.
- n. An indisposition commonly ascribed to exposure to cold; especially, a catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, or bronchial tubes. When the inflammation is confined to the air-passages of the nose and connecting cavities it is a coryza, or cold in the head. A so-called “cold on the lungs” is usually bronchitis or trachitis.
- To grow cold.
- Epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis in horses.
- The testing of the ductility of iron and steel bars and plates by bending, while cold, to a certain angle, 90°, both with and across the grain, to determine whether this can be done without fracture.
- adj. of a thing Having a low temperature.
- adj. of the weather Causing the air to be cold.
- adj. of a person or animal Feeling the sensation of coldness, especially to the point of discomfort.
- adj. Unfriendly, emotionally distant or unfeeling.
- adj. Dispassionate, not prejudiced or partisan, impartial.
- adj. Completely unprepared; without introduction.
- adj. Unconscious or deeply asleep; deprived of the metaphorical heat associated with life or consciousness.
- adj. Perfectly, exactly, completely; by heart.
- adj. Cornered, done for.
- n. A condition of low temperature.
- n. medicine A common, usually harmless, viral illness, usually with congestion of the nasal passages and sometimes fever.
- adv. While at low temperature.
- adv. Without preparation.
- adv. With finality.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Deprived of heat, or having a low temperature; not warm or hot; gelid; frigid.
- adj. Lacking the sensation of warmth; suffering from the absence of heat; chilly; shivering.
- adj. Not pungent or acrid.
- adj. Wanting in ardor, intensity, warmth, zeal, or passion; spiritless; unconcerned; reserved.
- adj. Unwelcome; disagreeable; unsatisfactory.
- adj. Wanting in power to excite; dull; uninteresting.
- adj. Affecting the sense of smell (as of hunting dogs) but feebly; having lost its odor.
- adj. Not sensitive; not acute.
- adj. Distant; -- said, in the game of hunting for some object, of a seeker remote from the thing concealed.
- adj. (Paint.) Having a bluish effect. Cf. Warm, 8.
- n. The relative absence of heat or warmth.
- n. The sensation produced by the escape of heat; chilliness or chillness.
- n. (Med.) A morbid state of the animal system produced by exposure to cold or dampness; a catarrh.
- v. obsolete To become cold.
- adj. having lost freshness through passage of time
- adj. so intense as to be almost uncontrollable
- adj. of a seeker; far from the object sought
- n. the absence of heat
- adj. having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration
- adj. feeling or showing no enthusiasm
- adj. unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication
- adj. without compunction or human feeling
- adj. sexually unresponsive
- adj. extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion
- n. the sensation produced by low temperatures
- adj. lacking the warmth of life
- adj. (color) giving no sensation of warmth
- adj. lacking originality or spontaneity; no longer new
- n. a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs)
- adj. marked by errorless familiarity
- Old English cald, the Anglian form of West Saxon ċeald, from Proto-Germanic *kaldaz, a participle form of *kal- (“cold”), from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (“cold”). Cognate with West Frisian kâld, Dutch koud, German kalt, Swedish kall, Danish kold and Bokmål kald. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English ceald; see gel- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“ The cold water was _cold_ but the hot water was only a few degrees warmer -- barely enough to feel a difference.”
“Put it on an earthen dish, cover it with a cloth and set it in a cold place, in the ice box in summer; let it remain until _cold_; an hour or more before making out the crust.”
“A teaspoonful of the _Camphor tincture_ may be put into a tumbler of cold water, ice water if at hand, and the water agitated until it becomes clear, giving a teaspoonful of this camphorated _cold_ water as”
“Hardly any thing can be worse for a small pox patient than to be in a cold or damp room, and to breathe _cold_ air.”
“When I say, The weather is _so_ cold, or _very_ cold, or _intensely_ cold, the words _so, very_, and _intensely_ modify the adjective _cold_ by expressing the _degree_ of coldness.”
“If the wind whistled afar, the boiling-place was in a sheltered nook; if the rain poured down, or the snow-flakes fell without, we were protected by the sugar-house or shed; if the day was cold the fire was warm; _and the heart of a youth is never cold_.”
“Exercising in cold air, _if not too cold_, with clothing removed, is an excellent means of hardening the skin and promoting good digestion.”
“Thus we take a glance out of the window and say that the day looks cold, although we well know that we cannot see _cold_.”
“In any other climate one would scarcely have undergone such sudden extremes of temperature without catching a severe cold; but fortunately that distressing complaint _catchee le cold_, as the Frenchman termed it, is not so prevalent in Canada as at home.”
“-- Do not apply cold applications to his skin, and do not wash him (while the rash is out) in quite _cold_ water.”
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