American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Hardened in wrongdoing or wickedness; stubbornly impenitent: "obdurate conscience of the old sinner” ( Sir Walter Scott).
- adj. Hardened against feeling; hardhearted: an obdurate miser.
- adj. Not giving in to persuasion; intractable. See Synonyms at inflexible.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To harden; confirm in resistance; make obdurate.
- Hardened, especially against moral influences; wickedly resisting.
- Hard-hearted; inexorable; unyielding; stubborn.
- Inflexible; stiff; harsh.
- Synonyms Obdurate, Callous, Hardened. These words all retain the original meaning of physical hardening, although it is obsolescent with obdurate. In the moral signification, the figure is most felt in the use of callous, which indicates sensibilities to right and wrong deadened by hard treatment, like callous flesh. Hardened is less definite, it being not always clear whether the person is viewed as made hard by circumstances or as having hardened himself against better influences and proper claims. Obdurate is the strongest, and implies most of determination and active resistance. See obstinate.
- Unbending, unsusceptible, insensible.
- adj. Stubbornly persistent, generally in wrongdoing; refusing to reform or repent.
- adj. obsolete Physically hardened, toughened.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Hardened in feelings, esp. against moral or mollifying influences; unyielding; hard-hearted; stubbornly wicked.
- adj. Hard; harsh; rugged; rough; intractable.
- v. obsolete To harden.
- adj. stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing
- adj. showing unfeeling resistance to tender feelings
- Mid 15th century, from Latin obduratus ("hardened"), form of obdūrō, from ob- ("against") + dūrō ("harden, render hard"), from durus ("hard"). Compare durable, endure. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English obdurat, from Late Latin obdūrātus, past participle of obdūrāre, to harden, from Latin, to be hard, endure : ob-, intensive pref.; see ob- + dūrus, hard; see deru- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Geithner plainly has no patience for what he describes as the obdurate unwillingness of colleagues to subordinate their desire for superficial impact to the larger vision.”
“He also defended his seizure of white-owned farms, saying the program pitted the majority against the white minority he described as obdurate and backed by the British.”
“In their valuation of the distribution of grace, theologians distinguish somewhat sharply between ordinary sinners (among whom they include habitual and relapsing sinners) and those sinners whose intellect is blinded, and whose heart is hardened, the so-called obdurate sinners (obcaecati et indurati, impaenitentes).”
“He thrilled even now at the recollection of the Hadendowas leaping and stabbing through the breach of McNeil's zareba six miles from Suakin; he recalled the obdurate defence of the Berkshires, the steadiness of the Marines, the rallying of the broken troops.”
“You won't hear American announcers call an "obdurate defense," a terrific pass a "rapier thrust" or a tying goal the "equalizer.”
“She said the LRC was extremely proud of its achievements with the community that included a victory in the Constitutional Court, against "obdurate" opposition by government.”
“He also defended his seizure of white-owned farms, saying the program pitted the majority against an "obdurate" racial minority which he alleged was "supported and manipulated" by Blair.”
“George passed from life with the kind of obdurate resistance and strength of spirit with which he had lived.”
“Demonstrating the kind of obdurate thickness most commonly found in that foreign land known as Washington, Augusta County supervisors - five of them at least, the Gang of Six having been diminished by one - acted Wednesday in accordance with an inevitability predetermined by them.”
“' obdurate '' position was allowing Pakistanâ€ ™ s militaristic constituency to up the ante and build up a hostile atmosphere at the expense of its peace-seeking civil society, undermining US goals in Afghanistan.”
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