American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of definite shape and volume; not liquid or gaseous.
- adj. Firm or compact in substance.
- adj. Not hollowed out: a solid block of wood.
- adj. Being the same substance or color throughout: solid gold.
- adj. Mathematics Of or relating to three-dimensional geometric figures or bodies.
- adj. Having no gaps or breaks; continuous: a solid line of people.
- adj. Of good quality and substance: a solid foundation.
- adj. Substantial; hearty: a solid meal.
- adj. Sound; reliable: solid facts.
- adj. Financially sound.
- adj. Upstanding and dependable: a solid citizen.
- adj. Written without a hyphen or space. For example, the word software is a solid compound.
- adj. Printing Having no leads between the lines.
- adj. Acting together; unanimous: a solid voting bloc.
- adj. Slang Excellent; first-rate.
- n. A substance having a definite shape and volume; one that is neither liquid nor gaseous.
- n. Mathematics A geometric figure having three dimensions.
- adv. As a whole; unanimously: The committee voted solid for the challenger.
- adv. Without a break or opening; completely or continuously: The theater was booked solid for a month.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Resisting flexure; not to be bent without force; capable of tangential stress: said of a kind of material substance. See II., 1.
- Completely filled up; compact; without cavities, pores, or interstices; not hollow: as, a solid ball, as distinguished from a hollow one; solid soda-water, not frothy.
- Firm; strong: as, a solid pier; a solid wall.
- In botany, of a fleshy, uniform, undivided substance, as a bulb or root; not spongy or hollow within, as a stem.
- In anatomy and zoology:
- Hard, compact, or firm in consistency; having no cavities or spongy structure: opposed to spongiose, porous, hollow, cancellate, excavated, etc.
- In entomology, specifically, formed of a single joint, or of several joints so closely applied that they appear to be one: especially said of the capitulum or club of capitate antennæ.
- Having three dimensions; having length, breadth, and thickness; cubic: as, a solid foot contains 1,728 solid inches.
- Sound; not weak; strong.
- Substantial, as opposed to frivolous, fallacious, or the like; worthy of credit, trust, or esteem; not empty or vain; real; true; just; valid; firm; strong; hence, satisfactory: as, solid arguments; solid comfort; solid sense.
- Not light, trifling, or superficial; grave; profound.
- Financially sound or safe; possessing plenty of capital; wealthy; well-established; reliable.
- Unanimous, or practically unanimous: as, a solid vote; the solid South.
- Without break or opening, as a wall or façade.
- Smooth; even; unbroken; unvaried: unshaded: noting a color or pigment.
- Without the liquor, as oysters: said in measuring: opposite to in liquor.
- With reference to fabrics, etc., a uniform color.
- Synonyms Dense.
- Stable, weighty, important.
- n. A body which throughout its mass (and not merely at its surface) resists for an indefinite time a sufficiently small force that tends to alter its equilibrium figure, always springing back into shape after the force is removed; a body possessing elasticity of figure. Every such body has limits of elasticity, and, if subjected to a strain exceeding these limits, it takes a set and does not return to its original shape on being let go. This property is called
plasticity. The minimum energy required to give a set to a body of definite form and size measures its resilience. When the resilience of a body is small and masks its springiness, the body is called soft. Even fluids transmit shearing forces if time be allowed, and many substances will yield indefinitely to very small (but not indefinitely small) forces applied for great lengths of time. So solids that have received a small set will sometimes partially recover their figures after a long time. This property in fluids is called viscosity, in solids after-effect (German nachwirkung). The phenomenon is connected with a regrouping of the molecules, and indicates the essential difference between a solid and a liquid. In fluids diffusion is continually active, and in gases it produces phenomena of viscosity. In liquids it is not rapid enough to give rise to sensible viscosity, but the free motion of the molecules makes the body fluid, while the tendency of sets of molecules to continue for a while associated makes the fluidity imperfect. In solids, on the other hand (at least when not under strain), there is no diffusion, and the molecules are consequently in stationary motion or describing quasi-orbits. They thus become grouped in the mode in which they have least positional energy consistent with their kinetic energy. When this grouping is slightly disturbed, it tends to restore itself; but when the disturbance is greater, some of the molecules will tend to return to their old places and others to move on to new situations, and this may give rise to a new permanent grouping, and exhibit the phenomenon of plasticity. But if not quite sufficient for this, disturbances of the molecular motions somewhat similar to the secular perturbations of the planets will result, from which there will be no restoration for a very long time. Solid bodies are very strongly cohesive, showing that the molecules attract one another on the whole; and they are generally capable of crystallization, showing that the attractions of the molecules are different in different directions.
- n. In geometry, a body or magnitude which has three dimensions—length, breadth, and thickness—being thus distinguished from a surface, which has but two dimensions, and from a line, which has but one. The boundaries of solids are surfaces. Besides the three round bodies (the sphere, cone, and cylinder), together with the conoids, and the pyramids, prisms, and prismatoids, the most important geometrical solids are the five Platonic and the Kepler-Poinsot regular polyhedra, the two semi-regular solids, and the thirteen Archimedean solids. The faces, edges, or summits of one solid are said to correspond with the faces, edges, or summits of another when the radii from the center of the former to the mid-faces, mid-edges, or summits can be simultaneously brought into coincidence with the radii from the center to the mid-faces, mid-edges, or summits of the latter. If two solids correspond faces to summits, summits to faces, and edges to edges, they are said to be reciprocal. If to the edges of one solid correspond the faces or summits of another, while to the faces and summits together of the former correspond the summits or faces of another, the latter is said to be the summital or facial holohedron of the former. The regular tetrahedron is the reciprocal of itself, and its reciprocal holohedra are the cube and octahedron. The reciprocal holohedra of these, again, are the semi-regular dodecahedron and the cuboctahedron. The facial holohedron of these, again, is the small rhombicuboctahedron. The faces of the truncated cube and truncated octahedron correspond to those of the cuboctahedron. The snub-cube has faces corresponding to the cuboctahedron, and twenty-four faces which in two sets of twelve correspond to the summits of two other cuboctahedra. The faces of the great rhombicuboctahedron correspond to those of the small rhombicuboctahedron. Just as the cube and octahedron are reciprocal, so likewise are the Platonic dodecahedron and icosahedron, though they are related to no hemihedral body like the tetrahedron. Their reciprocal holohedra are the semi-regular triacontahedron and the icosidodecahedron, and the facial holohedron of these, again, is the small rhombicosidodecahedron. The faces of the truncated dodecahedron and truncated icosahedron correspond to those of the icosidodecahedron. The snubdodecahedron has faces corresponding to those of the icosidodecahedron, and two sets of others corresponding to the summits of two other icosidodecahedra. The faces of the great rhombicosidodecahedron correspond to those of the small rhombicosidodecahedron. The faces, summits, and edges of the great icosahedron and great stellated dodecahedron correspond respectively to the faces, summits, and edges of the Platonic dodecahedron and icosahedron. The great dodecahedron and small stellated dodecahedron are self-reciprocal, both faces and summits corresponding to the faces of the Platonic dodecahedron or summits of the icosahedron. The faces of the truncated tetrahedron correspond to the faces of the octahedron or summits of the cube.
- n. plural In anatomy, all parts of the body which are not fluid: as, the solids and fluids of the body.
- n. plural In printing, the parts of an engraving which show black or solid in print.
- Of uniform color; self-colored: a pigeon-fanciers' term.
- adj. In the solid state; not fluid.
- adj. Large, massive.
- adj. Lacking holes or hollows; as solid gold, solid chocolate.
- adj. Strong or unyielding; as a solid foundation.
- adj. slang Excellent, of high quality, or Infallible (hyperbole); a filling meal, foolproof concept, sound idea, notable work of art, or a person with integrity.
- adj. typography Written as one word, without spaces or hyphens.
- adj. Being of a single color throughout.
- n. chemistry A substance in the fundamental state of matter that retains its size and shape without need of a container (as opposed to a liquid or gas).
- n. geometry A three-dimensional figure (as opposed to a surface, an area, or a curve).
- n. slang Favor; a solid: a favor, a helpful deed; in solid: in favor.
- n. An article of clothing which is of a single color throughout.
- n. Food which is not liquid-based.
- adv. typography Without spaces or hyphens.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Having the constituent parts so compact, or so firmly adhering, as to resist the impression or penetration of other bodies; having a fixed form; hard; firm; compact; -- opposed to
fluidand liquidor to plastic, like clay, or to incompact, like sand.
- adj. Not hollow; full of matter; ; not spongy; dense; hence, sometimes, heavy.
- adj. (Arith.) Having all the geometrical dimensions; cubic.
- adj. Firm; compact; strong; stable; unyielding.
- adj. Applied to a compound word whose parts are closely united and form an unbroken word; -- opposed to
- adj. Fig.: Worthy of credit, trust, or esteem; substantial, as opposed to
frivolousor fallacious; weighty; firm; strong; valid; just; genuine.
- adj. Sound; not weakly.
- adj. (Bot.) Of a fleshy, uniform, undivided substance, as a bulb or root; not spongy or hollow within, as a stem.
- adj. (Metaph.) Impenetrable; resisting or excluding any other material particle or atom from any given portion of space; -- applied to the supposed ultimate particles of matter.
- adj. (Print.) Not having the lines separated by leads; not open.
- adj. Polit. Cant. U.S. United; without division; unanimous.
- n. A substance that is held in a fixed form by cohesion among its particles; a substance not fluid.
- n. (Geom.) A magnitude which has length, breadth, and thickness; a part of space bounded on all sides.
- adj. uninterrupted in space; having no gaps or breaks
- n. a three-dimensional shape
- n. matter that is solid at room temperature and pressure
- adj. of one substance or character throughout
- n. the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape
- adj. of definite shape and volume; firm; neither liquid nor gaseous
- adj. financially sound
- adj. characterized by good substantial quality
- adj. of good quality and condition; solidly built
- adj. acting together as a single undiversified whole
- adj. not soft or yielding to pressure
- adj. entirely of one substance with no holes inside
- adj. providing abundant nourishment
- adj. having three dimensions
- adj. of the same color throughout
- adj. impenetrable for the eye
- adj. meriting respect or esteem
- adj. of a substantial character and not frivolous or superficial
- From Old French solide (as an adjective), from Latin solidus ("solid"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English solide, from Old French, from Latin solidus. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Great Britain's credit is solid; that's the word, _solid_: and if that -- er -- solidarity holds true of our monetary system with "-- here Mr Pamphlett expanded and contracted his fingers as if gathering gossamers --" its delicate and far-reaching complexities ...”
“The advantages which it has over the old solid form are, that it is colourless and nearly tasteless, and never forms concretions in the bowels, as the _solid_ magnesia, if persevered in for any length of time, sometimes does.”
“I think we use the term solid bookings in terms of the thanksgiving timeframe I mean historically is always been a very good time of year for us anyway because of the discretionary traveler that we had historically same into the Christmas timeframe.”
“Gameplay wise, again I'll use the term solid, I'll also use the term unoriginal - not that that's necessarily a bad thing.”
“United Parcel Service Inc. forecast what it called a "solid" holiday shipping season Monday, saying volume during the hectic week before Christmas will be up 6.2% from last year.”
“Goolsbee pointed to the addition of 238,000 jobs in the manufacturing sector since 2010 and what he called "solid" increases in specific sectors.”
“But parents of school-age children are not what you call a solid Democrat constituency h/t itrytobenice.”
“ROBERTS: At a briefing this weekend, U.S. officials displayed what they called solid evidence that Iran is arming Shiites in Iraq.”
“The head of the CIA search team, David Kay, said investigators are making what he called solid progress.”
“He is no one's peace partner and the tribunal says it is ready to present what it calls a solid case against him.”
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