American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Having or showing rugged physical strength.
- adj. Substantially made or built; stout: sturdy canvas.
- adj. Marked by resoluteness or determination; firm: sturdy resistance.
- adj. Vigorous or robust.
- n. See gid.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Obdurately set or determined; doggedly obstinate; stubborn; sulky: used of persons.
- Having great force or endurance; strong in attack or resistance; vigorous; hardy; stout; lusty; robust: as, a sturdy opponent; sturdy pioneers; sturdy legs; a sturdy tree.
- Firmly fixed or settled; resolute; unyielding; hard to overcome: used of things.
- Synonyms Stout, Stalwart, etc. (see robust), brawny, sinewy, muscular, firm.
- n. A disease of sheep caused by the presence in the brain of the eœenurus, or cystic larval form of dog's tapeworm, Tænia cœnurus. The cysts vary in size from that of a pea to that of a pigeon's egg. The disease is marked by lack or loss of coordination in muscular action, evinced in a disposition to stagger, move sidewise, or sit on the rump, and also by stupor. Sturdy generally attacks sheep under two years old, and is rarely cured, since puncturing or trephining gives but temporary relief. Also called
- adj. of firm build
- adj. solid in structure or person
- n. A disease in sheep and cattle, marked by great nervousness, or by dullness and stupor.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Foolishly obstinate or resolute; stubborn; unrelenting; unfeeling; stern.
- adj. Resolute, in a good sense; or firm, unyielding quality.
- adj. Characterized by physical strength or force; strong; lusty; violent.
- adj. Stiff; stout; strong.
- n. (Vet.) A disease in sheep and cattle, marked by great nervousness, or by dullness and stupor.
- adj. not making concessions
- adj. having rugged physical strength; inured to fatigue or hardships
- adj. substantially made or constructed
- Circa 1300, in sense “unruly, reckless, violent”, from Old French estourdi, form of estourdir, originally “to daze, to make tipsy (almost drunk)” (Modern French étourdir ("to daze, to make tipsy")), from Vulgar Latin *exturdire. Latin etymology is unclear – presumably it is ex- + turdus ("thrush (bird)"), but which this should mean “daze” is unclear. A speculative theory is that thrushes eat leftover winery grapes and thus became drunk, but this meets with objections. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, reckless, sturdy, from Old French estourdi, past participle of estourdir, to stun, perhaps from Vulgar Latin *exturdīre, to be giddy as a thrush : Latin ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + Latin turdus, thrush. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The Sartorialist and her legs were described as "sturdy" -- this caused general online outrage because of the choice of word, but also because after spending a while working in the industry, Schuman's perspective on the female body is clearly tainted.”
“It's simply a gathered straight skirt in sturdy denim, but I bought denim that had a border of embroidered flowers.”
“With more than 4,150 Filipinos riding out the typhoon in sturdy school buildings, town halls, churches and relatives 'homes, roads in and out of coastal Isabela province, about 200 miles (320 kilometers) northeast of Manila, were deserted and blocked by collapsed trees, power lines and debris.”
“Dennis M. Sabangan/EPA More than 3,600 Filipinos rode out the typhoon in sturdy school buildings, town halls, churches and relatives 'homes.”
“With more than 3,600 Filipinos riding out the typhoon in sturdy school buildings, town halls, churches and relatives 'homes, roads in and out of coastal Isabela province were deserted and blocked by collapsed trees and power lines.”
“Now, I want you to dress yourself in sturdy clothing and arm yourself however you like - a stiff shot of gin would be my recommendation - and I want you to go tell 1.3 billion Chinese that they can never have a Buick.”
“It has the largest leaves and the freshest taste, most likely due to its individually foil-wrapped teabags in sturdy boxes, and the way Steven Smith usually obtains his ingredients.”
“How sturdy is it – are there moving parts that might be damaged in a kitchen environment?”
“Better you should turn off moderation entirely and engage in sturdy retro-moderation than what we've been dealing with since the crash.”
“Descending somewhat from the pathos of the sublime, McEwan portrays Edward as a hardheaded student of history, who until the defeat on Chesil Beach has considered a certain sturdy optimism as his birthright:”
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