from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Difficult to bend; rigid.
- adj. Not moving or operating easily or freely; resistant: a stiff hinge.
- adj. Lacking ease or comfort of movement; not limber: a stiff neck.
- adj. Drawn tightly; taut.
- adj. Rigidly formal.
- adj. Lacking ease or grace.
- adj. Not liquid, loose, or fluid; thick: stiff dough.
- adj. Firm, as in purpose; resolute.
- adj. Having a strong, swift, steady force or movement: a stiff current; a stiff breeze.
- adj. Potent or strong: a stiff drink.
- adj. Difficult, laborious, or arduous: a stiff hike; a stiff examination.
- adj. Difficult to comprehend or accept; harsh or severe: a stiff penalty.
- adj. Excessively high: a stiff price.
- adj. Nautical Not heeling over much in spite of great wind or the press of the sail.
- adv. In a stiff manner: frozen stiff.
- adv. To a complete extent; totally: bored stiff.
- n. Slang A corpse.
- n. Slang A person regarded as constrained, priggish, or overly formal.
- n. Slang A drunk.
- n. Slang A person: a lucky stiff; just an ordinary working stiff.
- n. Slang A hobo; a tramp.
- n. Slang A person who tips poorly.
- transitive v. Slang To tip (someone) inadequately or not at all, as for a service rendered: paid the dinner check but stiffed the waiter.
- transitive v. To cheat (someone) of something owed: My roommate stiffed me out of last month's rent.
- transitive v. To fail to give or supply (something expected or promised).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of an object, rigid, hard to bend, inflexible.
- adj. Of policies and rules and their application and enforcement, inflexible.
- adj. Of a person, formal in behavior, unrelaxed.
- adj. Harsh, severe.
- adj. Of muscles, or parts of the body, painful, as a result of excessive, or unaccustomed exercise.
- adj. potent.
- adj. dead, deceased.
- adj. Of a penis, erect.
- n. An average person, usually male, of no particular distinction, skill, or education, often a working stiff or lucky stiff.
- n. A person who is deceived, as a mark or pigeon in a swindle.
- n. A cadaver, a dead person.
- n. A person who leaves (especially a restaurant) without paying the bill.
- v. To fail to pay that which one owes (implicitly or explicitly) to another, especially by departing hastily.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Not easily bent; not flexible or pliant; not limber or flaccid; rigid; firm.
- adj. Not liquid or fluid; thick and tenacious; inspissated; neither soft nor hard.
- adj. Firm; strong; violent; difficult to oppose.
- adj. Not easily subdued; unyielding; stubborn; obstinate; pertinacious.
- adj. Not natural and easy; formal; constrained; affected; starched.
- adj. Harsh; disagreeable; severe; hard to bear.
- adj. Bearing a press of canvas without careening much; ; -- opposed to
- adj. Very large, strong, or costly; powerful.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Rigid; not easily bent; not flexible or pliant; not flaccid: as, stiff paper; a cravat stiff with starch.
- Not fluid: thick and tenacious; neither soft nor hard: as, a stiff batter; stiff clay.
- Drawn tight; tense: as, a stiff cord.
- Not easily bent: not to be moved without great friction or exertion; not working smoothly or easily.
- Not natural and easy in movement; not flowing or graceful; cramped; constrained: as, a stiff style of writing or speaking.
- Rigidly ceremonious; formal in manner; constrained; affected; unbending; starched: as, a stiff deportment.
- Strong and steady in motion: as, a stiff breeze.
- Strong; lusty; stanch, both physically and mentally.
- Strong: said of an alcoholic drink, or mixed drink of which spirit forms a part.
- Firm in resistance or persistence; obstinate; stubborn; pertinacious.
- Hard to receive or accept; hard to bear.
- Hard to master or overcome; very difficult: as, a stiff examination in mathematics.
- Nautical, bearing a press of canvas or of wind without careening much; tending to keep upright: as, a stiff vessel; a stiff keel: opposed to crank.
- High; steep: as, a stiff price.
- Unyielding; firm: said of prices, markets, etc.: as, the wheat-market is stiff.
- Rigid as in death; dead.
- Synonyms Unbending, unyielding.
- Prim, punctilious.
- Inflexible, uncompromising.
- n. A dead body; a corpse.
- n. In hatting, a stiffener.
- n. Negotiable paper.
- n. Forged paper.
- To become or grow stiff.
- To become obstinate or stubborn.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. having a strong physiological or chemical effect
- adj. incapable of or resistant to bending
- n. an ordinary man
- adj. not moving or operating freely
- adj. rigidly formal
- adj. very drunk
- adj. marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable
- n. the dead body of a human being
- adj. powerful
- adv. in a stiff manner
- adv. extremely
Middle English, from Old English stīf.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old English stīf, from Proto-Germanic *stifaz, from Proto-Indo-European *stīpos (compare Latin stipare, from which English stevedore). (Wiktionary)