from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Most remote in any direction; outermost or farthest: the extreme edge of the field.
- adj. Being in or attaining the greatest or highest degree; very intense: extreme pleasure; extreme pain.
- adj. Extending far beyond the norm: an extreme conservative. See Synonyms at excessive.
- adj. Of the greatest severity; drastic: took extreme measures to conserve fuel.
- adj. Biology Characterized by severe, usually oxygen-poor environmental conditions.
- adj. Biology Having an affinity for such conditions: an extreme microorganism.
- adj. Sports Very dangerous or difficult: extreme rafting.
- adj. Sports Participating or tending to participate in a very dangerous or difficult sport: an extreme skier.
- adj. Archaic Final; last.
- n. The greatest or utmost degree or point.
- n. Either of the two things situated at opposite ends of a range: the extremes of boiling and freezing.
- n. An extreme condition.
- n. An immoderate, drastic expedient: resorted to extremes in the emergency.
- n. Mathematics The first or last term of a ratio or a series.
- n. Mathematics A maximum or minimum value of a function.
- n. Logic The major or minor term of a syllogism.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of a place, the most remote, farthest or outermost.
- adj. In the greatest or highest degree; intense.
- adj. Excessive, or far beyond the norm.
- adj. Drastic, or of great severity.
- adj. Of sports, difficult or dangerous; performed in a hazardous environment.
- adj. Ultimate, final or last.
- n. The greatest or utmost point, degree or condition.
- n. Each of the things at opposite ends of a range or scale.
- n. A drastic expedient.
- n. Either of the two numbers at the ends of a proportion, as 1 and 6 in 1:2=3:6.
- adv. Extremely.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. At the utmost point, edge, or border; outermost; utmost; farthest; most remote; at the widest limit.
- adj. Last; final; conclusive; -- said of time.
- adj. The best of worst; most urgent; greatest; highest; immoderate; excessive; most violent
- adj. Radical; ultra.
- adj. Extended or contracted as much as possible; -- said of intervals
- n. The utmost point or verge; that part which terminates a body; extremity.
- n. Utmost limit or degree that is supposable or tolerable; hence, furthest degree; any undue departure from the mean; -- often in the plural: things at an extreme distance from each other, the most widely different states, etc.
- n. An extreme state or condition; hence, calamity, danger, distress, etc.
- n. Either of the extreme terms of a syllogism, the middle term being interposed between them.
- n. The first or the last term of a proportion or series.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Outermost; situated at the utmost limit, point, or border; furthest of all; largest or smallest or last: as, the extreme verge or edge of a roof or a precipice; the extreme limit or hour of life.
- Utmost or greatest in degree; the most, greatest, best, or worst that can exist or be supposed; such as cannot be exceeded: as, extreme pain or grief; extreme joy or pleasure; an extreme case.
- Exacting or severe to the utmost.
- In music, superfluous or augmented: thus, the extreme sharp sixth is the augmented sixth.
- Synonyms Uttermost, most distant, most remote, terminal.
- Final, ultimate, utter.
- n. The utmost point or verge of a thing; that part which terminates a body; an extremity; the end or one of the ends, especially of correlated parts, of a body.
- n. The utmost limit or degree that can be supposed or tolerated; either of two states, qualities, or feelings as different from each other as possible; the highest or the lowest degree: as, the extremes of heat and cold; avoid extremes.
- n. Extremity; utmost need or distress.
- n. In logic, the subject or the predicate of a categorical proposition; specifically, the subject or the predicate of the conclusion of a syllogism; either of two terms which are separated in the premises and brought together in the conclusion.
- n. In mathematics: Either of the first and last terms of a proportion, or of any other related sequence or series of terms: as, when three magnitudes are proportional, the rectangle contained by the extremes is equal to the square of the mean.
- n. The largest or the smallest of three or more magnitudes.
- n. Any part of a right-angled or quadrantal spherical triangle other than the part assumed as mean.
- n. Synonyms See extremity.
- Extremely; excessively; exceedingly.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. beyond a norm in views or actions
- adj. of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensity
- adj. most distant in any direction
- n. the furthest or highest degree of something
- adj. far beyond a norm in quantity or amount or degree; to an utmost degree
- n. the point located farthest from the middle of something
Middle English, from Old French, from Latin extrēmus; see eghs in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin extremus, the superlative of exterus (Wiktionary)