Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act of inflating or the state of being inflated.
  • n. A persistent increase in the level of consumer prices or a persistent decline in the purchasing power of money, caused by an increase in available currency and credit beyond the proportion of available goods and services.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An act, instance of, or state of expansion or increase in size, especially by injection of a gas.
  • n. An increase in the general level of prices or in the cost of living.
  • n. A decline in the value of money.
  • n. An increase in the quantity of money, leading to a devaluation of existing money.
  • n. Undue expansion or increase, as of academic grades.
  • n. An extremely rapid expansion of the universe, theorised to have occurred very shortly after the big bang.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act or process of inflating, or the state of being inflated, as with air or gas; distention; expansion; enlargement.
  • n. The state of being puffed up, as with pride; conceit; vanity.
  • n. Persistent expansion or increase in the general level of prices, usually caused by overissue of currency, and resulting in a reduced value of the currency. It is contrasted with deflation, and is when it occurs to a very high degree is called hyperinflation.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The act of inflating or distending with air or gas.
  • n. The state of being inflated or distended; distention: as, the inflation of the lungs.
  • n. Undue expansion or elevation; increase beyond the proper or just amount or value: as, inflation of trade, currency, or prices; inflation of stocks (that is, of the price of stocks).
  • n. The state of being puffed up; turgidness; pretentiousness; conceit: as, inflation of style or manner.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the act of filling something with air
  • n. lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity
  • n. a general and progressive increase in prices
  • n. (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang

Etymologies

From Middle English, from Latin īnflātiō ("expansion", "blowing up"), from īnflātus, the perfect passive participle of īnflō ("blow into", "expand"), from in ("into") + flō ("blow"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • After 5 years this stocks may be (but not required) sold on the market or if they have less value that original value + inflation, government will buy them at value +inflation.

    Latest Articles

  • Officials are worried about the psychological impact that the word inflation might have on Argentines, many of whom suffered through hyperinflation two decades ago.

    Argentine Consulting Firm Stops Publishing Inflation Estimates

  • Mervyn King vs eurozone: A tale of two banks Bank of England Governor Mervyn King coined the term "inflation nutter", but his euro-zone counterparts are the ones living up to the label...

    Evening Standard - Home

  • Whatever the case, top government officials are concerned about rising prices and are loathe to use the word inflation, preferring instead to talk about "price dispersion."

    Argentine Consulting Firm Stops Publishing Inflation Estimates

  • The number of mentions of the word "inflation" in leading U.K. newspapers is even higher now than it was during 2008's inflationary spike, when the consumer price index peaked at 5.2%, according to an analysis of the Dow Jones Factiva database.

    BOE Staggers Toward Perma-Inflation

  • As it happens, though, over the long term inflation is gradually reducing the real value of the mortgage interest deduction (current downturn notwithstanding).

    Matthew Yglesias » Command and Control

  • “As it happens, though, over the long term inflation is gradually reducing the real value of the mortgage interest deduction (current downturn notwithstanding).”

    Matthew Yglesias » Command and Control

  • Perhaps because of Argentina's traumatic experience with hyperinflation in 1989, administration officials almost never use the word "inflation," preferring instead phrases like "price dispersion."

    IMF to Push Argentina for New Price Index

  • Long term inflation is never good for the holders of capital.

    Matthew Yglesias » What a Difference a Fed Board Member Makes

  • Higher inflation is a way to push "real," or inflation-adjusted, interest rates down.

    How It Works; When It Doesn't

Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.

  • the cost of air in the tires (Annie Proulx, The Shipping News).

    March 4, 2012

  • Daffynition: cutting money in half without damaging the paper.

    January 6, 2007