from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The act or practice of manipulating.
- n. The state of being manipulated.
- n. Shrewd or devious management, especially for one's own advantage.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The practice of manipulating or the state of being manipulated.
- n. The skillful use of the hands in, for example, chiropractic.
- n. The management of some situation, especially for one’s own advantage.
- n. The usage of psychological influence over a person or situation to gain an outcome.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act or process of manipulating, or the state of being manipulated; the act of handling work by hand; use of the hands, in an artistic or skillful manner, in science or art.
- n. The use of the hands in mesmeric operations.
- n. Artful management; ; sometimes, a management or treatment for purposes of deception or fraud.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act or art of manipulating; manual management; manual and mechanical operation of any kind in science or art, specifically, in pharmacy, the preparation of drugs; in chem., the preparation and employment of utensils, apparatus, and reagents in chemical work.
- n. Figuratively, the act of operating upon anything by contrivance or influence; management; specifically, insidious management; adjustment or accommodation to one's own purpose or advantage: as, manipulation of voters, figures, or facts.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage
- n. the action of touching with the hands (or the skillful use of the hands) or by the use of mechanical means
French, from manipule, handful, as of grain, from Latin manipulus, sheaf, handful; see maniple.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French manipule (from Latin manipulus) + -ation. (Wiktionary)