American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The act of justifying.
- n. The condition or fact of being justified.
- n. Something, such as a fact or circumstance, that justifies: considered misgovernment to be a justification for revolution. See Synonyms at apology.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of justifying, or of showing something to be just or right; proof of fairness, propriety, or right intention; vindication; exculpation; upholding.
- n. Specifically In law: The showing of a sufficient reason in court why a defendant did what he is called to answer: as, a plea in justification.
- n. Proof by a surety offered for a party of whom security is required in legal proceedings that he is of adequate pecuniary ability.
- n. In theology, the act by which the soul is reconciled to God. According to Roman Catholic authority, justification is an act by which God imparts his own character to the believer, making him truly just or righteous. According to the common Protestant doctrine, it is a forensic act by which, on certain conditions, God treats as just or righteous one who is not personally worthy of such treatment. In this sense it is nearly equivalent to the forgiveness of sins.
- n. The act of adjusting or making exact; the act of fitting together, as the parts of anything: as, the justification of lines or types, in printing.
- n. Synonyms and Exculpation, exoneration.
- n. A reason, explanation, or excuse which provides convincing, morally acceptable support for behavior or for a belief or occurrence.
- n. typography The alignment of text to the left margin (left justification), the right margin (right justification), or both margins (full justification).
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The act of justifying or the state of being justified; a showing or proving to be just or conformable to law, justice, right, or duty; defense; vindication; support.
- n. (Law) The showing in court of a sufficient lawful reason why a party charged or accused did that for which he is called to answer.
- n. (Theol.) The act of justifying, or the state of being justified, in respect to God's requirements.
- n. (Print.) Adjustment of type (in printing), or of the final spacing of printed text, by spacing it so as to make it exactly fill a line, or line up at one edge of the allotted portion of the printed page; adjustment of a cut so as to hold it in the right place; also, the leads, quads, etc., used for making such adjustment.
- n. the act of defending or explaining or making excuses for by reasoning
- n. something (such as a fact or circumstance) that shows an action to be reasonable or necessary
- n. a statement in explanation of some action or belief
“When we discuss the nature of justification, we must distinguish between two different issues: First, what do we mean when we use the word ˜justification™?”
“That the writings of Mr. Boole and myself "go to the full justification of" this "principle," is only true in the sense in which the Scotch use, or did use, the word _justification_.”
“If the sincere reception of the sacraments actually secures pardon or justification _per se, immediately_, without the intervening instrumentality of a living faith, then faith is not the only condition of justification as the scriptures teach, but we are justified either by faith, or by the sacraments, and then there will be _three conditions of justification_, faith, baptism, and the Lord's Supper!”
“The latter discards the deontology of the former, but takes the term justification 'to denote the condition which, according to the former, is sufficient for satisfying the duty that, according to the former but not the latter, is in fact laid on us human beings.”
“We saw also that there are analogically extended senses of the term justification '; but none of them is such that it is clear that a Christian believer can't be justified, in that sense, in holding Christian belief.”
“III de fide justif., sec. xi: "The term justification in this instance means the declaring just, the freeing from sin and the eternal punishment of sin in consideration of the justice of Christ imputed to faith by God.”
“The term justification is used both in the Old Testament and the New.”
“We do not feel that the justification is there to do what we did.”
“I think what we've got now is what I call justification fatigue.”
“We also have a statement from the JUI, one of the hardline Islamic parties here, whose leader today was put under house arrest saying this attack by United States is what they call justification for a jihad, a holy war, as they have been saying for the last four weeks and they are also calling for mass demonstrations tomorrow.”
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