Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The process or act of introducing into a compound by substitution the radical nitryl, NO2.
“Until recently, the utilization of methane as a chemical building block was limited to free radical reactions (combustion, nitration, chlorination, etc.).”
“Like my research on chemical reaction rates in solution at McGill (kinetics of nitration), it was experimental in nature.”
“Brooklyn Poly - experiments on gas phase reactions, flash photolysis, isotopic exchange electron transfer, bipolar electrolytes, nitration, and photoelectrochemistry, among others-and during all of my stay at NRC and at McGill.”
“The methods of nitration or decantation, the use of new containers which have never been used, the taking into account of the pharmaceutical forms (especially orally or externally) explain in part the situation.”
“Cyclotrimethylenetrinittrime or cyclonite is Page 11 manufactured in bulk by the nitration of hexamethylenetetramine,”
“In 1869 and 1870 he was assistant to H. Wichelhaus in Berlin, with whom he worked on the nitration of b-naphthol.”
“In Nathan's nitrator every existing trace of nitro-glycerine is separated from the acids in a few hours after the nitration, and any further formation of nitro-glycerine is prevented by adding about 2 per cent. of water to the waste acids, which are kept agitated during the addition.”
“When the nitration is complete, the collodion-cotton is removed from the pots, and treated in exactly the same manner as described under gun-cotton.”
“After nitration the cage is carried to a wringer, which forms the basket, and the acids removed.”
“Mowbray was probably the first to use compressed air for the purpose of keeping the liquids well agitated during the process of nitration, which he conducted in earthenware pots, each containing a charge of 17 lbs. of the mixed acids and 2 lbs. of glycerol.”
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