Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A mode or state of being: "The Organization Man survives as a modern classic because it captures a permanent part of our social condition” ( Robert J. Samuelson). See Synonyms at state.
  • n. A state of health.
  • n. A state of readiness or physical fitness.
  • n. A disease or physical ailment: a heart condition.
  • n. Social position; rank.
  • n. One that is indispensable to the appearance or occurrence of another; prerequisite: Compatibility is a condition of a successful marriage.
  • n. One that restricts or modifies another; a qualification.
  • n. Existing circumstances: Conditions in the office made concentration impossible.
  • n. Grammar The dependent clause of a conditional sentence; protasis.
  • n. Logic A proposition on which another proposition depends; the antecedent of a conditional proposition.
  • n. Law A provision making the effect of a legal instrument contingent on the occurrence of an uncertain future event.
  • n. Law The event itself.
  • n. An unsatisfactory grade given to a student, serving notice that deficiencies can be made up by the completion of additional work.
  • n. Obsolete Disposition; temperament.
  • transitive v. To make dependent on a condition or conditions.
  • transitive v. To stipulate as a condition.
  • transitive v. To render fit for work or use.
  • transitive v. To accustom (oneself or another) to; adapt: had to condition herself to long hours of hard work; conditioned the troops to marches at high altitudes.
  • transitive v. To air-condition.
  • transitive v. To give the unsatisfactory grade of condition to.
  • transitive v. Psychology To cause an organism to respond in a specific manner to a conditioned stimulus in the absence of an unconditioned stimulus.
  • transitive v. To replace moisture or oils in (hair, for example) by use of a therapeutic product.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A logical clause or phrase that a conditional statement uses. The phrase can either be true or false.
  • n. A requirement, term, or requisite.
  • n. The health status of a medical patient.
  • n. The state or quality.
  • n. A particular state of being.
  • n. The situation of a person or persons, particularly their social and/or economic class, rank.
  • v. To subject to the process of acclimation.
  • v. To subject to different conditions, especially as an exercise.
  • v. To place conditions or limitations upon.
  • v. To shape the behaviour of someone to do something.
  • v. To treat (the hair) with hair conditioner.
  • v. To contract; to stipulate; to agree.
  • v. To test or assay, as silk (to ascertain the proportion of moisture it contains).
  • v. To put under conditions; to require to pass a new examination or to make up a specified study, as a condition of remaining in one's class or in college.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Mode or state of being; state or situation with regard to external circumstances or influences, or to physical or mental integrity, health, strength, etc.; predicament; rank; position, estate.
  • n. Essential quality; property; attribute.
  • n. Temperament; disposition; character.
  • n. That which must exist as the occasion or concomitant of something else; that which is requisite in order that something else should take effect; an essential qualification; stipulation; terms specified.
  • n. A clause in a contract, or agreement, which has for its object to suspend, to defeat, or in some way to modify, the principal obligation; or, in case of a will, to suspend, revoke, or modify a devise or bequest. It is also the case of a future uncertain event, which may or may not happen, and on the occurrence or non-occurrence of which, the accomplishment, recission, or modification of an obligation or testamentary disposition is made to depend.
  • intransitive v. To make terms; to stipulate.
  • intransitive v. To impose upon an object those relations or conditions without which knowledge and thought are alleged to be impossible.
  • transitive v. To invest with, or limit by, conditions; to burden or qualify by a condition; to impose or be imposed as the condition of.
  • transitive v. To contract; to stipulate; to agree.
  • transitive v. To put under conditions; to require to pass a new examination or to make up a specified study, as a condition of remaining in one's class or in college.
  • transitive v. To test or assay, as silk (to ascertain the proportion of moisture it contains).

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To form a condition or prerequisite of; determine or govern.
  • To subject to something as a condition; make dependent or conditional on: with on or upon: as, he conditioned his forgiveness upon repentance.
  • In metaphysics, to place or cognize under conditions.
  • To stipulate; contract; arrange.
  • In mercantile language, to test (a commodity) in order to ascertain its condition; specifically, to test (silk) in order to know the proportion of moisture it contains.
  • To require (a student) to be reëxamined, after failure to show the attainment of a required degree of scholarship, as a condition of remaining in the class or college, or of receiving a degree. See condition, n., 9.
  • In the tobacco trade, to spray with a 2-per-cent. solution of glycerin. This operation is performed only on chewing, plug, and cigarette tobaccos.
  • n. The particular mode of being of a person or thing; situation, with reference either to internal or to external circumstances; existing state or case; plight; circumstances.
  • n. Quality; property; attribute; characteristic.
  • n. A state or characteristic of the mind; a habit; collectively, ways; disposition; temper.
  • n. Rank; state, with respect to the orders or grades of society or to property: used absolutely in the sense of high rank: as, a person of condition.
  • n. A requisite; something the non-concurrence or non-fulfilment of which would prevent a result from taking place; a prerequisite.
  • n. Hence A restricting or limiting circumstance; a restriction or limitation.
  • n. A stipulation; a statement of terms; an agreement or consideratíon demanded or offered in return for something to be granted or done, as in a bargain, treaty, or other engagement.
  • n. In law: A statement that a thing is or shall be, which constitutes the essential basis or an essential part of the basis of a contract or grant; a future and uncertain act or event not belonging to the very nature of the transaction, on the performance or happening of which the legal consequences of the transaction are made to depend.
  • n. In civil law, a restriction incorporated with an act, the consequence of which is to make the effect of the volition or intention dependent wholly or in part upon an external circumstance.
  • n. In a college or school: The requirement, made of a student upon failure to reach a certain standard of scholarship, as in an examination, that a new examination be passed before he can be advanced in a given course or study, or can receive a degree: as, a condition in mathematics.
  • n. The study to which such requirement is attached: as, he has six conditions to make up.
  • n. In grammar, the protasis or conditional clause of a conditional sentence. See conditional sentence, under conditional.
  • n. In the theory of errors, an equation expressing an observation with the conditions under which it was taken.
  • n. Article, terms, provision, arrangement.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement
  • n. an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else
  • v. put into a better state
  • n. the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape')
  • v. specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement; make an express demand or provision in an agreement
  • n. the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition
  • n. information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
  • n. an illness, disease, or other medical problem
  • v. apply conditioner to in order to make smooth and shiny
  • v. develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
  • n. a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing
  • v. establish a conditioned response
  • n. a state at a particular time

Etymologies

Middle English condicioun, from Old French condicion, from Late Latin conditiō, conditiōn-, alteration of Latin condiciō, from condīcere, to agree : com-, com- + dīcere, to talk; see deik- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin conditiō, noun of action from perfect passive participle conditus, + noun of action suffix -io. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • "The country is in such a condition, that if we delay longer some fair measure of reform, sufficient at least to satisfy the more moderate, and much more, if we refuse all reform whatsoever -- I say, if _we adopt so unwise a policy, the country is in such a condition_ that we may precipitate a revolution."

    How to Write Clearly Rules and Exercises on English Composition

  • In general, _an interest is an unsatisfied capacity, corresponding to an unrealized condition, and it is predisposition to such rearrangement as would tend to realize the indicated condition_.

    Introduction to the Science of Sociology

  • If any doubt about the valid administration is left, the infant after delivery should be carefully baptized _under condition_, as it is called; that is, with the condition added that, if the former ceremony was validly conferred, there is no intention of giving a second baptism.

    Moral Principles and Medical Practice The Basis of Medical Jurisprudence

  • Matters went on pretty well with us until my master was seized with a severe fit of illness, in consequence of which his literary scheme was completely defeated, and his condition in life materially injured; of course, the glad tones of encouragement which I had been accustomed to hear were changed into expressions of condolence, and sometimes assurances of unabated friendship; but then it must be remembered that I, the handsomest blue coat, was _still in good condition_, and it will perhaps appear, that if I were not my master's

    The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction Volume 10, No. 262, July 7, 1827

  • _condition precedent_; -- but the meeting disregard it -- reject the condition, and gravely resolve to accept _a resignation_, which had not yet been tendered to them.

    A Review and Exposition, of the Falsehoods and Misrepresentations, of a Pamphlet Addressed to the Republicans of the County of Saratoga, Signed, "A Citizen"

  • The fill level can be indicative of the temperature at which a wine was stored, and the label condition can be a sign of whether or not a wine was professionally stored.

    Investing in Liquid Assets

  • Johnston's response said his mother's "chronic pain condition is currently being managed in coordination with the Department of Corrections."

    Bristol Palin-Levi Johnston child custody fight goes public

  • The win condition is that when you get news of something terrible happening to someone who smeared Ben Gay all over your friend's locker or pushed another friend down the stairs or any of the other lovely things that happened in high school, you are not glad.

    Barnstorming on an Invisible Segway

  • The win condition is that you can only remember the names of the ones who were kind and/or interesting to you.

    Barnstorming on an Invisible Segway

  • The win condition is not that your high school classmates flock around you telling you how much they respected the theorem you just proved or the book you just wrote or the marketing decision you just made or the way you just handled your kid's tantrum.

    Barnstorming on an Invisible Segway

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