Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Being within reasonable limits; not excessive or extreme: a moderate price.
  • adj. Not violent or subject to extremes; mild or calm; temperate: a moderate climate.
  • adj. Of medium or average quantity or extent.
  • adj. Of limited or average quality; mediocre.
  • adj. Opposed to radical or extreme views or measures, especially in politics or religion.
  • n. One who holds or champions moderate views or opinions, especially in politics or religion.
  • transitive v. To lessen the violence, severity, or extremeness of.
  • transitive v. To preside over: She was chosen to moderate the convention.
  • intransitive v. To become less violent, severe, or extreme; abate.
  • intransitive v. To act as a moderator.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Not excessive; acting in moderation
  • adj. Mediocre
  • adj. Average priced; standard-deal
  • adj. Having an intermediate position between liberal and conservative.
  • n. One who holds an intermediate position between the extremes relevant in a political context
  • n. Similar middle-grounder in any other context.
  • v. To reduce the excessiveness of (something)
  • v. To become less excessive
  • v. To preside over (something) as a moderator
  • v. To act as a moderator; to assist in bringing to compromise

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Limited in quantity; sparing; temperate; frugal.
  • adj. Limited in degree of activity, energy, or excitement; reasonable; calm; slow
  • adj. Not extreme in opinion, in partisanship, and the like.
  • adj. Not violent or rigorous; temperate; mild; gentle.
  • adj. Limited as to degree of progress.
  • adj. Limited as to the degree in which a quality, principle, or faculty appears.
  • adj. Limited in scope or effects.
  • n. One of a party in the Church of Scotland in the 18th century, and part of the 19th, professing moderation in matters of church government, in discipline, and in doctrine.
  • intransitive v. To become less violent, severe, rigorous, or intense.
  • intransitive v. To preside as a moderator.
  • transitive v. To restrain from excess of any kind; to reduce from a state of violence, intensity, or excess; to keep within bounds; to make temperate; to lessen; to allay; to repress; to temper; to qualify
  • transitive v. To preside over, direct, or regulate, as a public meeting or a discussion.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To reduce the amount or intensity of; lessen; reduce; restrain; specifically, to reduce from a large amount or great degree to a medium quantity or intensity: as, to moderate the heat of a room; to moderate one's anger, ardor, or passions.
  • To decide as a moderator; judge.
  • Synonyms To mitigate, abate, appease, pacify, quiet, assuage, soothe, soften.
  • To become less violent, severe, rigorous, or intense: as, the storm begins to moderate.
  • To preside as a moderator, as at a meeting.
  • Restrained; temperate; keeping within somewhat restricted limits in action or opinion; avoiding extremes or excess; thinking or acting soberly or temperately: as, to be moderate in all things; a moderate drinker.
  • Thinking, speaking, or acting with habitual slowness; very deliberate.
  • Of things, limited in extent, amount, or degree; not extreme, excessive, or remarkable; restricted; medium: as, moderate wealth or poverty; a moderate quantity; moderate opinions or ability; moderate weather or exercise.
  • Synonyms Moderate, Temperate, reasonable, judicious, mild. When used absolutely, moderate, nearly always refers to a person's temper or opinions, whereas temperate similarly used generally refers to a person's habits in respect to bodily indulgence: a moderate man is one who is not extreme in his views or violent in his sentiments; a temperate man, one who is not addicted to over-indulgence either in eating or in drinking.
  • n. One who is moderate in opinion or action; one who is opposed to extreme views or courses, especially in politics or religion.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. being within reasonable or average limits; not excessive or extreme
  • adj. not extreme
  • v. lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits
  • v. make less fast or intense
  • adj. marked by avoidance of extravagance or extremes
  • v. preside over
  • v. make less strong or intense; soften
  • n. a person who takes a position in the political center
  • v. restrain
  • v. make less severe or harsh

Etymologies

Middle English moderat, from Latin moderātus, past participle of moderārī, to moderate; see med- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English moderat, from Latin moderātus, perfect active participle of moderor ("regulate, restrain, moderate"), from moder-, modes-, a stem appearing also in modestus ("moderate, discreet, modest"), from modus ("measure"); see mode and modest. (Wiktionary)

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