Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To reduce the intensity of; relieve: allay back pains. See Synonyms at relieve.
  • transitive v. To calm or pacify; set to rest: allayed the fears of the worried citizens.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm.
  • v. To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate.
  • v. To subside, become peaceful.
  • v. To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Alleviation; abatement; check.
  • n. Alloy.
  • transitive v. To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm
  • transitive v. To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate.
  • transitive v. To diminish in strength; to abate; to subside.
  • transitive v. To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To lay down; cause to lie; lay: as, to allay the dust.
  • To lay aside; set aside; suppress; annul.
  • To put down; humble; overthrow.
  • To put down; quiet; assuage; pacify, appease, calm, as a commotion of the elements, or, figuratively, civil commotions, mental excitement, or an agitated person.
  • To abate, mitigate, or subdue; relieve or alleviate: as, to allay misery or pain; to allay the bitterness of affliction.
  • Synonyms Alleviate, Relieve, Mitigate, Assuage, Allay (see alleviate), calm, quiet, soothe, compose, still, lull, tranquilize, check, repress, soften, ease, moderate.
  • To abate; subside; grow calm.
  • To mix, as metals; especially, to mix a nobler with a baser metal; alloy. See alloy, v., I.
  • Figuratively, to mix with something inferior; contaminate or detract from.
  • To temper; abate or weaken by mixture; dilute, as wine with water; weaken; diminish.
  • To cite; quote; allege.
  • n. That which allays, lightens, or alleviates.
  • n. The act or process of alloying; an alloy.
  • n. Figuratively, admixture, especially of something inferior.
  • n. Mixture; dilution.
  • n. In hunting, the act of laying on the hounds; the addition of fresh hounds to the cry.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. lessen the intensity of or calm
  • v. satisfy (thirst)

Etymologies

Middle English aleien, from Old English ālecgan, to lay down : ā-, intensive pref. + lecgan, to lay; see lay1.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English alayen, aleyen, aleggen, from Old English ālecgan ("to put, place, lay down, lay aside, throw down, give up, cease from, abandon; put down, allay, suppress, abolish, conquer, destroy, overcome, refute; lay upon, inflict, impose upon; diminish, take away, refuse, lessen, withhold"), from Proto-Germanic *uzlagjanan (“to lay down”), equivalent to a- +‎ lay. Cognate with German erlegen ("to impose, cause to succumb, kill"), Gothic  (uslagjan, "to lay down"). In Middle English the word was identical to forms of allege and alloy, leading to much overlapping of senses. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Another fear Obama isn't going to be able to allay is that of the effects of spending a few trillion bucks we don't have: higher taxes, higher national debt, higher inflation ...

    Fears fuel emotional health care protests

  • The government has to do something to kind of allay their fears or we'll never get on track, right?

    CNN Transcript Mar 7, 2009

  • So for Secretary Rice, it's a very delicate balance to kind of allay European concerns, at the same time, not compromise any U.S. intelligence matters.

    CNN Transcript Dec 5, 2005

  • Now all of this is to kind of allay fears that have arisen here, and there's good reason for that.

    CNN Transcript Oct 16, 2001

  • (Isa 9: 5; Ps 50: 3; Hab 3: 5; 2Th 1: 8; 2Pe 3: 7). chariots ... whirlwind -- (Jer 4: 13). render -- as the Hebrew elsewhere (Job 9: 13; Ps 78: 38) means to "allay" or "stay wrath."

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  • So, how we address this it's a multiyear project obviously and we will look at it but we will kind of allay some of Horseshoe Canyon budget for the initial couple of years is what it looks right now.

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  • * Partnership formed to "allay" concerns over Beal plan * Rival plan backed by Donald Trump is riskier-Icahn * Trump says was not involved in this transaction (New throughout; adds

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  • I was, of course, whistling by the graveyard, trying to allay my own fears — or at least address them.

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  • Earlier this month, Etisalat, the region's biggest telecom provider by market value, moved to allay fears about its Zain move, saying it was still keen on the nearly $12 billion transaction, even after a key advocate of the acquisition said it was no longer committed to helping broker an accord.

    Zain Gets $950 Million Bid for Saudi Assets

  • The CPSC has done what it can to allay the fiasco of unintended costs and disruptions for small businesses, including staying large portions of the law.

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