from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To feed or supply to excess, satiety, or disgust.
- intransitive v. Archaic To overindulge.
- n. Overindulgence in food or drink.
- n. The result of such overindulgence; satiety or disgust.
- n. An excessive amount.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An excessive amount of something.
- n. Overindulgence in either food or drink; overeating.
- n. A sickness or condition caused by overindulgence.
- v. To fill to excess.
- v. To feed someone to excess.
- v. To overeat or feed to excess.
- v. To sicken from overindulgence.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Excess in eating and drinking.
- n. Fullness and oppression of the system, occasioned often by excessive eating and drinking.
- n. Disgust caused by excess; satiety.
- intransitive v. To load the stomach with food, so that sickness or uneasiness ensues; to eat to excess.
- intransitive v. To indulge to satiety in any gratification.
- transitive v. To feed so as to oppress the stomach and derange the function of the system; to overfeed, and produce satiety, sickness, or uneasiness; -- often reflexive.
- transitive v. To fill to satiety and disgust; to cloy.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Excess; specifically (and now usually), excess in eating and drinking; a gluttonous meal by which the stomach is overloaded and the digestion deranged.
- n. Fullness and oppression of the system, occasioned by excessive eating and drinking.
- n. Disgust caused by excess; satiety; nausea.
- n. Synonyms Repletion, plethora. See the verb.
- To feed so as to oppress the stomach and derange the digestive functions; overfeed so as to produce sickness or uneasiness; overload the stomach of.
- To fill to satiety and disgust; cloy; nauseate: as, to surfeit one with eulogies.
- Synonyms Satiate, etc. (see satisfy); glut, gorge.
- To be fed till the system is oppressed, and sickness or uneasiness ensues.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the state of being more than full
- n. the quality of being so overabundant that prices fall
- n. eating until excessively full
- v. indulge (one's appetite) to satiety
- v. supply or feed to surfeit
Middle English surfeten, from surfait, excess, from Old French, from past participle of surfaire, to overdo : sur-, sur- + faire, to do (from Latin facere; see dhē- in Indo-European roots).(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French surfaire ("to augment, exaggerate, exceed"), from sur- + faire ("to do"). (Wiktionary)