from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A chiefly Mediterranean perennial herb (Melissa officinalis) in the mint family, grown for its lemon-scented foliage, which is used as a seasoning or for tea. Also called lemon balm.
- n. Any of several related plants in the mint family, such as the bee balm and the horse balm.
- n. Any of various aromatic resins exuded from several trees and shrubs, especially the balm of Gilead (Commiphora) and related plants.
- n. An aromatic salve or oil.
- n. A pleasing aromatic fragrance.
- n. A soothing, healing, or comforting agent or quality.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of various aromatic resins exuded from certain plants, especially trees of the genus Commiphora of Africa, Arabia and India and Myroxylon of South America.
- n. A plant or tree yielding such substance.
- n. Any soothing oil or lotion, especially an aromatic one.
- n. Something soothing.
- n. Any of various aromatic plants of the genus Melissa, such as lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) or bee balm.
- v. To anoint with balm, or with anything medicinal.
- v. To soothe; to mitigate.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. An aromatic plant of the genus Melissa.
- n. The resinous and aromatic exudation of certain trees or shrubs.
- n. Any fragrant ointment.
- n. Anything that heals or that mitigates pain.
- transitive v. To anoint with balm, or with anything medicinal.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An oily, aromatic, resinous substance, exuding spontaneously from trees of the genus Balsamodendron; hence, by extension, any aromatic or odoriferous exudation from trees or shrubs, whether spontaneous or after incision; balsam.
- n. An aromatic preparation used in embalming the dead. See embalm.
- n. Any aromatic or fragrant ointment, whether for ceremonial or for medicinal use, as for healing wounds or soothing pain. (For the ecclesiastical use, see balsam.)
- n. Aromatic fragrance; sweet odor.
- n. Anything which heals, soothes, or mitigates pain.
- n. A tree that yields balm; especially, a tree of the genus Balsamodendron.
- n. One of several aromatic plants of the natural order Labiatæ, particularly plants of the genus Melissa.
- n. A fragrant resin from South America. See carauna.
- n. In North America, the balsam-poplar, Populus balsamifera, the buds of which are coated in spring with an odorous balsam; also occasionally the balsam-fir, Abies balsamea, which yields the Canada balsam.
- n. The sweet balm, Dracocephalum Canariense (see above).
- To embalm.
- To anoint as with balm or with anything fragrant or medicinal.
- To soothe; mitigate; assuage; heal.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. any of various aromatic resinous substances used for healing and soothing
- n. semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation
Middle English baume, balsam, from Old French basme, from Latin balsamum; see balsam.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French basme, from Latin balsamum. (Wiktionary)