American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The act of anointing as part of a religious, ceremonial, or healing ritual.
- n. An ointment or oil; a salve.
- n. Something that serves to soothe; a balm.
- n. Affected or exaggerated earnestness, especially in choice and use of language.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of anointing, smearing, or rubbing with an unguent, ointment, or oil.
- n. Especially— Anointing as a symbol of consecration, dedication, or appointment to an important office. The practice of unction in religious ceremouials existed in the Christian church at a very early day, as well as in the Jewish church, and has been continued to the present time in the Roman Catholic, Greek, and some other churches. In Christian usage it includes the unction of catechumens both before and after baptism, of candidates at confirmation, of the clergy at ordination, of the sick, of kings at their coronation, and of various articles dedicated to a sacred use. The practice is not continued in Protestant churches. See chrism, and holy oil (under oil).
- n. Anointing for medical purposes.
- n. That which is used for anointing; an unguent; an ointment; a salve.
- n. Hence Anything that is soothing or lenitive.
- n. In speech, that quality in the words used, tone of expression, or mode of address which excites devotion, fervor, tenderness, sympathy, and the like in the hearer; especially, those qualities which induce religious fervor and tenderness.
- n. Emotional warmth; gush; specifically, simulated fervor, devotion, or sympathy; counterfeited sentiment; nauseous sentimentality.
- n. a salve or ointment
- n. a religious or ceremonial anointing
- n. a balm or something that soothes
- n. a smug, exaggerated use of language; smarminess
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The act of anointing, smearing, or rubbing with an unguent, oil, or ointment, especially for medical purposes, or as a symbol of consecration.
- n. That which is used for anointing; an unguent; an ointment; hence, anything soothing or lenitive.
- n. rare Divine or sanctifying grace.
- n. That quality in language, address, or the like, which excites emotion; especially, strong devotion; religious fervor and tenderness; sometimes, a simulated, factitious, or unnatural fervor.
- n. smug self-serving earnestness
- n. semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation
- n. anointing as part of a religious ceremony or healing ritual
- n. excessive but superficial compliments given with affected charm
- Middle English, from Latin ūnctiō, ūnctiōn-, from ūnctus, past participle of unguere, to anoint. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Christians, and so be in Him as Christ, anointed with that unction from the Holy One.”
“Romish extreme unction is administered to those whose life is despaired of, to heal the soul, whereas James 'unction was to heal the body.”
“The word unction was a term of reproach, and the rich, invaluable treasure for which it stood was an offence.”
“As man, however, he has his fellows, and as an anointed person; but his unction is beyond all theirs.”
“This sacred chrism, or divine unction, is commended on these accounts: -- (1.)”
“The apostle encourages the disciples (to whom he writes) in these dangerous times, in this hour of seducers; he encourages them in the assurance of their stability in this day of apostasy: But you have an unction from the Holy One, and you know all things.”
“The unction is mentioned by Theophanes, (p. 399,) the oath by Sigonius, (from the Ordo”
“To help him in his outline of evangelical perfection, Ignatius received a special assistance, which Polanco and Ribadeneira call the unction of the Holy Ghost.”
“Again, no express mention is made of anointing with chrism; but we note that the idea of unction is commonly associated with the giving of the Holy Ghost.”
“Let us pray for unction, which is the marrowfat of humor, and for humility, which is the badge of manhood.”
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