American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Ecclesiastical A consecrated mixture of oil and balsam, used for anointing in church sacraments such as baptism and confirmation. Also called holy oil.
- n. Ecclesiastical A sacramental anointing, especially upon confirmation into the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Eccles.: A sacred ointment, consecrated by a bishop, used in the rites of baptism, confirmation, ordination, and coronation, in the consecration of churches, altar-stones, and chalices, and in blessing the baptismal water. In the Roman Catholic Church it consists of a mixture of oil and balsam, and in the Eastern Church of oil, wine, and various aromatics. Its use in baptism was continued in the Anglican Church for a short time after the Reformation. The name is sometimes applied to consecrated oil generally, including the oil of catechumens and the oil of the sick. See
- n. The rite of confirmation.
- n. Same as chrismal, .
- n. The baptismal vesture; a white garment formerly given to the newly baptized as a symbol of the new robe of righteousness given to the saints: in this sense commonly chrisom.
- n. In general, that with which one is anointed, or the act of anointing.
- n. A chrism-child.
- To anoint with chrism.
- n. A mixture of oil and balm, consecrated for use as an anointing fluid in certain Christian ceremonies, especially confirmation.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Olive oil mixed with balm and spices, consecrated by the bishop on Maundy Thursday, and used in the administration of baptism, confirmation, ordination, etc.
- n. The same as Chrisom.
- n. a consecrated ointment consisting of a mixture of oil and balsam
- From Medieval Latin crisma, from Ecclesiastical Latin chrisma, from Ancient Greek χρῖσμα (khrisma, "anointing”, “unction"), from χρίω ("anoint"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English crisme, chrism, chrisom, from Old English crisma, from Latin chrīsma, from Greek khrīsma, an anointing, from khrīein, to anoint. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The word cream is related to the word chrism, to anoint.”
“Likewise, the ancient lectionaries of Wurtzburg (mid-7th century, roughly contemporary with the first Ordo Romanus), and that of Murbach, (mid-8th to mid-9th century), refer to only one Mass, “in which the chrism is made.””
“In its primitive meaning the word chrism, like the Greek chrisma, was used to designate any and every substance that served the purpose of smearing or anointing, such as the various kinds of oils, unguents, and pigments.”
“This tyrant, as the saint calls him, having made a descent into Ireland, plundered the country where St. Patrick had been just conferring the holy chrism, that is, confirmation, on a great number of Neophytes, who were yet in their white garments after baptism.”
“Therefore chrism, which is made of oil and balm, is not a fitting matter for this sacrament.”
“Objection 1: It seems that it is not essential to this sacrament, that the chrism, which is its matter, be previously consecrated by a bishop.”
“Therefore chrism, which is made of these, is not a fitting matter for this sacrament.”
“He blesses the oil which is to serve at the anointing of catechumens previous to baptism, next the oil with which the sick are annointed in the Sacrament of Extreme Unctiion, finally the chrism, which is a mixture of oil and balsam, and which is used in the administraion of the Sacrament of Confirmation.”
“The speaker finally remarks that her beloved has "chrism" on his head, while she has only "dew.”
“chrism" which was stored in a bull's horn, a symbol of strength.”
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