American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To hear the confession of and give absolution to (a penitent).
- v. To obtain absolution for (oneself) by confessing and doing penance.
- v. Archaic To make or go to confession.
- v. Archaic To hear confessions.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To prescribe penance to for sin; impose penance on.
- To receive a confession from (a penitent) and grant absolution; hence, to receive an acknowledgment (of a fault) from, and pardon.
- To acknowledge a fault; confess to a priest and receive absolution: used reflexively.
- To receive a confession, impose the necessary penance, and grant absolution.
- To make confession.
- To prune (trees).
- v. transitive and intransitive To hear or receive a confession (of sins etc.)
- v. transitive To prescribe penance or absolution.
- v. intransitive or reflexive To confess, and receive absolution.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To hear or receive the confession of; to administer confession and absolution to; -- said of a priest as the agent.
- v. To confess, and receive absolution; -- used reflexively.
- v. To receive confessions, as a priest; to administer confession and absolution.
- v. grant remission of a sin to
- Old English scrīfan, from West Germanic *skrībanan, from Latin scrībō ("write"). More at scribe. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English schriven, from Old English scrīfan, from Latin scrībere, to write. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“COOPER: Well, by the Christian calendar, tomorrow is Shrove Tuesday, the world shrove from the old English word -- verb to -- to shrive, meaning to absolve.”
“These refer to the old religious custom of confession; to "shrive" signifies to forgive, to free from sin, as a priest is supposed to do, and "assoiled" means "purified.”
“And a search of t’internet tells me that shrove is derived from shrive, meaning to confess your sins to cleanse yourself before lent.”
“Send no shaven monks to shrive me, close the doors against their cries;”
“Edwards has on numerous occasions reitterated that this proposal is not a pretense at a potential Presidential fiat to shrive healthcare from our Congressional representatives BUT merely the first salvo in his campaign to initiate action towards bringing healthcare to all as right and not a moneyed privilege.”
“But when his brother reminded him that this was the morning of a high holiday, and that, setting aside all other business or pleasure, he ought to go to the Monastery and shrive himself before Father Eustace, who would that day occupy the confessional, pride stepped in and confirmed his wavering resolution.”
““And I shrive you, sir, and bid good fortune go with you,” answered the Doctor.”
“Confessing to the poor old woman, who cannot shrive them!”
““The monk hath some fair penitent to shrive to-night, that he is in such a hurry to depart,” said De Bracy.”
“And therefore, when they will shrive them, they take fire and set it beside them, and cast therein powder of frankincense; and in the smoke thereof they shrive them to God, and cry him mercy.”
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