from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of several aromatic resins, such as balsam of Peru and balsam of Tolu, that contain considerable amounts of benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, or both, or their esters.
- n. Any of several other fragrant plant resins, such as Canada balsam.
- n. A similar substance, especially a fragrant ointment used as medication; a balm.
- n. Any of various trees, especially the balsam fir, yielding an aromatic resinous substance.
- n. See jewelweed.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A sweet-smelling oil or resin derived from various plants.
- n. A plant or tree yielding such substance.
- n. A soothing ointment.
- n. Something soothing.
- n. A flowering plant of the genus Impatiens.
- n. A balsam fir.
- n. Canada balsam, a turpentine obtained from the resin of balsam fir.
- v. To treat or anoint with balsam.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A resin containing more or less of an essential or volatile oil.
- n. A species of tree (Abies balsamea).
- n. An annual garden plant (Impatiens balsamina) with beautiful flowers; balsamine.
- n. Anything that heals, soothes, or restores.
- transitive v. To treat or anoint with balsam; to relieve, as with balsam; to render balsamic.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An oily, aromatic, resinous substance, exuding spontaneously from trees of the genus Balsamodendron; hence, by extension, any aromatic or odoriferous exudation from trees or shrubs, whether spontaneous or after incision; balm.
- n. An aromatic preparation used for embalming the dead.
- n. Any aromatic fragrant ointment, whether for ceremonial or for medicinal use, as for healing wounds or soothing pain.
- n. Figuratively, any healing or soothing agent or agency.
- n. In alchemy, a healthful preservative essence, of oily penetrative nature, conceived by Paracelsus to exist in all organic bodies.
- n. A tree yielding an aromatic, oily resin.
- n. The Impatiens balsamina, a familiar flowering annual, of Eastern origin, cultivated in many varieties, often called garden-balsam, and in the United States lady's-slipper; also, the native European species, I. Noli-me-tangere, and the American I. fulva. See Impatiens and jewel-weed.
- n. In medical prescriptions abbreviated to bals.
- To apply balsam or balm to; anoint with balm or balsam.
- To embalm.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an ointment containing a fragrant resin
- n. any seed plant yielding balsam
- n. any of various fragrant oleoresins used in medicines and perfumes
Latin balsamum, from Greek balsamon, of Semitic origin; see bśm in Semitic roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English *balsam, balsme, from Old English balsam, balsamum ("balsam, balm"), from Latin balsamum, from Ancient Greek βάλσαμον (balsamon, "balsam"), of Semitic origin. (Wiktionary)