American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To cause to be extremely angry; infuriate.
- n. An aromatic substance, such as wood or a gum, that is burned to produce a pleasant odor.
- n. The smoke or odor produced by the burning of such a substance.
- n. A pleasant smell.
- n. Flattering or fawning attention; homage.
- v. To perfume with incense.
- v. To burn incense to, as a ritual offering.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To set on fire; cause to burn; inflame; kindle.
- To make hot or eager; enkindle; incite; stimulate.
- In particular To burn as incense; use in burning incense.
- To enkindle or excite to anger or other passion; inflame; make angry; provoke.
- Synonyms Irritate, Provoke, etc. (see exasperate), offend, anger, chafe, nettle, gall.
- n. Any aromatic material, as certain gums, which exhales perfume during combustion; a mixture of fragrant gums, spices, etc., with gum-resin, compounded for the purpose of producing a sweet odor when burned. The substance most generally used for incense, and therefore often specifically so called, is olibanum or frankincense. (See
olibanum.) The burning of incense as an act of worship existed among the Jews, and is practised in both the Eastern and Western churches of the present day, as well as by Buddhists and others.
- n. The perfume or scented fumes arising from an odoriferous substance, as frankincense, during combustion; the odor of spices and gums burned as an act of worship in some religious systems.
- n. Any grateful odor, as of flowers; agreeable perfume or fragrance.
- n. Figuratively, gratifying admiration or attention; flattering regard and deference; homage; adulation.
- To perfume with incense.
- To offer incense to; worship; flatter extravagantly.
- To burn or offer incense.
- n. A perfume often used in the rites of various religions.
- v. transitive To anger or infuriate.
- v. archaic To incite, stimulate.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. obsolete To set on fire; to inflame; to kindle; to burn.
- v. To inflame with anger; to enrage; to endkindle; to fire; to incite; to provoke; to heat; to madden.
- v. obsolete To offer incense to. See Incense.
- v. To perfume with, or as with, incense.
- n. The perfume or odors exhaled from spices and gums when burned in celebrating religious rites or as an offering to some deity.
- n. The materials used for the purpose of producing a perfume when burned, as fragrant gums, spices, frankincense, etc.
- n. Also used figuratively.
- v. make furious
- v. perfume especially with a censer
- n. a substance that produces a fragrant odor when burned
- n. the pleasing scent produced when incense is burned
- From Old French encens ("sweet-smelling substance") from Late Latin incensum ("burnt incense", literally "something burnt"), neuter past participle of incendō ("I set on fire"). Compare incendiary. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English encensen, from Old French incenser, from Late Latin incēnsāre, to sacrifice, burn, from Latin incēnsus, past participle of incendere, to set on fire; see kand- in Indo-European roots.Middle English encens, from Old French, from Latin incēnsum, from neuter past participle of incendere, to set on fire; see kand- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“_ On other days there was a certain measure of incense for the golden Altar: on this day there was a greater quantity for both the Altar and the most holy Place, and therefore it is called _much incense_.”
“Instead of being himself pleased with the fat of their sacrifices, he will show himself displeased by throwing the dung of them in their faces, which he does, in effect, when he says, Bring no more vain oblations; your incense is an abomination to me.”
“The "incense" is figurative of prayers (Ps 141: 2; Re 8: 3).”
“The priest and subdeacon do not participate in the bringing back of the Sacrament; incense is not used.”
“Copal incense is a part of traditional Maya religious ritual.”
Copal incense is a part of traditional Maya religious ritual. The village shaman performs a ceremony as an underground oven, or pib is opened. Pork that has roasted there overnight will form part of the Day of the Dead celebration in this Mexico town. © Jane Ammeson, 2009
“I find most of it to be positive stroking wrapped in incense and dubious mythology and executed incompetently at best.”
“Charcoal creates a great deal of smoke and dust, and if you're in the same house where incense is burning, you are inhaling a lot of things you shouldn't.”
“Religiously significant Tibetan incense is believed to be capable of driving away evil.”
“A small ceramic brazier placed on the altar is used for burning copal, a pine resin incense the Aztecs used long ago in offerings to their gods.”
“This region, rich in incense-bearing trees, in costly gums and resins, in myrrh and amber, gold, lapis-lazuli, ivory, and precious woods, is the Cinnamomifera regio, sometimes called the aromatifera regio of the ancients.”
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