American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To make (a liquid) muddy or cloudy by stirring up sediment.
- v. To displease or disturb; vex: My roommate's off-putting habits began to roil me.
- v. To be in a state of turbulence or agitation.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To run; wander; roll; rove.
- To render turbid by stirring up the dregs or sediment: as, to roil wine, cider, or other liquor in casks or bottles.
- To excite to some degree of anger; annoy; vex: now more commonly, in colloquial use, rile.
- To perplex.
- To salt (fish) by means of a roiler.
- n. A Flemish horse.
- v. To render turbid by stirring up the dregs or sediment of
- v. To annoy; to make someone angry.
- v. intransitive To bubble, seethe.
- v. obsolete, intransitive To wander; to roam.
- v. obsolete, UK, dialect, intransitive To romp.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To render turbid by stirring up the dregs or sediment of; , in casks or bottles; to
- v. To disturb, as the temper; to ruffle the temper of; to rouse the passion of resentment in; to perplex.
- v. obsolete To wander; to roam.
- v. Prov. Eng. To romp.
- v. make turbid by stirring up the sediments of
- v. be agitated
- Possibly from French Middle French rouiller ("to rust, make muddy"), from Old French rouil ("mud, rust"), from Vulgar Latin *robicula, from Latin robigo ("rust, blight") (Wiktionary)
- Origin unknown. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The word roil has appeared in 33 New York Times articles in the past year, including on Aug. 8 in The Caucus blog post "Rick Perry to Make Clear He Intends to Run," by Jeff Zeleny:”
“(BTW, "roil" means, disturb, muddy the waters - I had to look it up.)”
“Young Americans came to view religion, according to one survey, as judgmental, homophobic, hypocritical, and too political.49 All these were premonitory signs that a second major aftershock was about to roil the American religious landscape.”
“In a rare interview with a reporter, Harry A. Blackmun spoke publicly for the first time about the controversial decision that continues to roil the political waters 38 years later.”
“It it, he spoke publicly for the first time about the controversial decision that continues to roil the political waters 38 years later.”
“That will roil the water and freeze it, but not boil it.”
“Good Evening, Mr. Wallenberg (1990) - As the coldly devastating consequences of Hitler's Final Solution roil the streets and ghettoes of Budapest in 1944, mild-mannered businessman Raoul Wallenberg (Stellan Skarsgard) strives valiantly to protect Hungarian Jews from death at the hands of the Nazis.”
“The earthquake and its aftermath in Japan continued to roil electronics supply chains Monday as Texas Instruments Inc. projected that one of its chip factories damaged in the disaster won't ship at full volume until September.”
“NEW YORK—Investors' new anxieties tied to Japan helped send the stock market's volatility benchmark to its biggest intraday jump since Libya and oil worries started to roil markets last month.”
“A suicide car bomber struck a police building in Pakistan's main northwest city on Wednesday, killing five police officers and wounding at least 30 other people in the latest violence to roil the country since the US raid that killed Osama bin Laden.”
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