American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To make very angry or impatient; annoy greatly.
- v. To increase the gravity or intensity of: "a scene . . . that exasperates his rose fever and makes him sneeze” ( Samuel Beckett).
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To irritate to a high degree; make very angry; provoke to rage; enrage: as, to exasperate an opponent.
- To incite by means of irritation; stimulate through anger or rage; stir up.
- To make grievous or more grievous; aggravate; embitter: as, to exasperate enmity.
- To augment the intensity of; exacerbate: as, to exasperate inflammation or a part inflamed.
- Synonyms Provoke, Incense, Exasperate, Irritate; vex, chafe, nettle, sting. The first four words all refer to the production of angry and generally demonstrative feeling. Irritate often has to do with the nerves, but all have to do with the mind. Provoke is perhaps the most sudden; exasperate is the strongest and least self-controlled; incense stands second in these respects.
- To increase in severity.
- Irritated; inflamed.
- In botany, rough; covered with hard, projecting points.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. obsolete Exasperated; imbittered.
- v. To irritate in a high degree; to provoke; to enrage; to excite or to inflame the anger of.
- v. To make grievous, or more grievous or malignant; to aggravate; to imbitter.
- v. make furious
- v. exasperate or irritate
- v. make worse
- Latin exasperāre, exasperāt- : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + asperāre, to make rough (from asper, rough). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“North and encouraged the desperate foe by efforts at peace-parties, conciliations, outcries for amnesty, and entreaties not to 'exasperate' the enemy.”
“I am firm, and your words will only exasperate my rage.”
“They are clear about what they want and don't want, as opposed to nice people, who can be so vague that they exasperate you when you just want them to "spit it out.”
“Crucially, these artists display an eccentricity that seems inherent rather than worn, in the manner of Lady Gaga, whose attempts at the avant garde make me think of the Henry Brooks Adams line: "The American mind exasperated the European as a buzz-saw might exasperate a pine forest.”
“What I do disagree with him is that he states that various religions have not created or exasperate incivility.”
“And, yeah, I had to work in the morning, but hearing you exasperate with the subtle lectures on yellower teeth and chimney kisses was worth the oncoming exhaustion.”
“Any further delays will only exacerbate situation and exasperate the riders even more.”
“But those right-wing dingbats are so obnoxious and so foolish that the exasperate mature adults.”
“Obama laments that everything he did to alleviate the anxiety of the American middle class seemed at times only to exasperate the people more.”
“Bankrupting or just reducing DT business will just exasperate the situation ratcityreprobate”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘exasperate’.
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