from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. Linguistics To pronounce (a vowel or word) with the initial release of breath associated with English h, as in hurry.
- transitive v. Linguistics To follow (a consonant, especially a stop consonant) with a puff of breath that is clearly audible before the next sound begins, as in English pit or kit.
- transitive v. To draw (something) into the lungs; inhale.
- transitive v. Medicine To remove an abnormal accumulation of (a liquid or gas) from the body by aspiration.
- transitive v. Medicine To suction (a body part or growth, for example) for the removal of a liquid or a gas.
- n. Linguistics The speech sound represented by English h.
- n. Linguistics The puff of air accompanying the release of a stop consonant.
- n. Linguistics A speech sound followed by a puff of breath.
- n. Medicine Matter removed by aspiration.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The puff of air accompanying the release of a plosive consonant.
- n. A sound produced by such a puff of air.
- v. To remove a liquid or gas by means of suction.
- v. To inhale so as to draw something other than air into one's lungs.
- v. To produce an audible puff of breath. especially following a consonant.
- adj. aspirated
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To pronounce with a breathing, an aspirate, or an h sound
- n. A sound consisting of, or characterized by, a breath like the sound of h; the breathing h or a character representing such a sound; an aspirated sound.
- n. A mark of aspiration (ʽ) used in Greek; the asper, or rough breathing.
- n. An elementary sound produced by the breath alone; a surd, or nonvocal consonant; as, f, th in thin, etc.
- adj. Pronounced with the h sound or with audible breath.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To pronounce with a breathing or an audible emission of breath; pronounce with such a sound as that of the letter h: as, we aspirate the words horse and house, but not hour and honor; cockneys often aspirate words beginning with a vowel.
- To remove by aspiration.
- To be uttered with an aspirate or strong breathing.
- Pronounced with the aspirate or rough breathing; pronounced with the h-sound, or with a strong emission of breath.
- n. An aspirated sound, or a sound like our h; a sound with which the h-sound is combined, or which corresponds historically to a sound of this nature: thus, the Sanskrit kh, gh, bh, etc., and the Greek ch, th, ph (
χ, θ, φ) are called aspirates, as are also the English f, th, which are more properly called breathings or spirants; also, a character or combination of characters representing a sound thus described, as the letter h, the Greek rough breathing, etc.
- To impel by aspiration or suction: as, to aspirate a current of air through a tube.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. suck in (air)
- v. remove as if by suction
- n. a consonant pronounced with aspiration
- v. pronounce with aspiration; of stop sounds
Latin aspīrāre, aspīrāt-, to breathe on : ad-, ad- + spīrāre, to breathe.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin aspīrātus, perfect passive participle of aspīrō ("breathe upon"). (Wiktionary)